Navigation Links
A consistent decline in heart attack rates following the implementation of smoking bans
Date:9/22/2009

Strongly enforced legislation to restrict smoking produces rapid and substantial reductions in community rates of heart attack, according to a meta-analysis published today in Circulation, the journal of the American Heart Association.(1) The analysis pooled 13 studies from regions in North America, Italy, Scotland and Ireland and, despite their geographical range, found a consistent reduced risk of hospitalisation for heart attack (acute myocardial infarction, AMI) of 17% (ie, a relative risk for AMI of 0.83) at 12 months following implementation of the law. The investigators added that this benefit "grows with time", reaching a gain of "about 36%" in three years.

The study was designed to determine the "consistent" effect of smoking bans on AMI rates in communities, and was therefore concerned with both the direct and second-hand effects of smoking. Several studies have shown that the effects of second-hand smoke on many biological mediators associated with AMI risk occur rapidly and are nearly as large as those from direct smoking. For example, a study reported last year showed that passive exposure to second-hand smoke in as short a time as 24 hours led to "sustained vascular injury" characterised by reduced endothelial function and activity of endothelial progenitor cells.(2) According to the American Heart Association's Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2009 Update, non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke at home or at work have a 25-30% increased risk of developing heart disease.

Since the first smoking bans were introduced (the first in Europe was in 2004 in Ireland) there have been many reports showing a decline in hospital admissions for AMI following implementation. Indeed, such laws are the best current examples of a clear association between prevention policies and cardiovascular disease. In Europe reduced AMI rates following smoking bans have been reported from France (15% decrease), Italy (11.2%), and Ireland (11%)
'/>"/>

Contact: ESC Press Office
press@escardio.org
33-049-294-8627
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
2. Public Health and Need for Consistent Standards Preclude Exception for Breastfeeding Mother in National Medical Licensing Test
3. Spate of Staph Infections Highlight the Need for Thorough, Consistent Cleaning Regimen at Home, at School and at Work
4. New Report Finds 16 Percent of All Children in Florida Dont Have Consistent Access to Meals
5. New Report Finds 16 Percent of All Children in Nebraska Dont Have Consistent Access to Meals
6. Consistent, Managed Treatment Works Best for Children With AD/HD
7. Key Risk Factors for Suicide Consistent Across Globe
8. Integrium Introduces Its Integrium Clinical Excellence (ICE) Methodology to Assure Consistent Delivery of Sponsor Clinical Trials
9. MD On-Line Achieves CAQH CORE(TM) Certification for Consistent Healthcare Administrative Data Exchange
10. USAs largest ever prostate cancer screening program shows high compliance and consistent results
11. Delusions associated with consistent pattern of brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/1/2015)... ... August 01, 2015 , ... Calvary Hospital today announced that it is ... campus. The goal is to bring this Torah – dating from 1880 – back ... and religious services. , Scroll No. 515, from the town of Taus-Domazlice, is ...
(Date:8/1/2015)... ... August 01, 2015 , ... Brig and Lita Hart, icons of the network ... their Healthy Home mission with the HOPE Movement of EvolvHealth. In what has been ... companies have agreed to join their missions of purpose together to change the course ...
(Date:8/1/2015)... , ... August 01, 2015 , ... On Tuesday, July ... , who are thought to have been behind the attack on Anthem Inc. which ... were zero day exploits, watering hole attacks and spear phishing campaigns. , ...
(Date:8/1/2015)... ... August 01, 2015 , ... BeverlyD, owner and founder of BeverlyD Luxe ... the very first small business donation to kick off the campaign for healing and ... Her legacy includes a complete line of raw, organic hair care products, as well ...
(Date:8/1/2015)... ... August 01, 2015 , ... On March 19, 2015 Phil Valentine – the Executive Director of ... Appalachian Trail by stepping off Springer Mountain and heading north. Since that day, Phil ... reached Connecticut and was greeted by friends and family. He visited CCAR and left ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Calvary Hospital Announces Plans to Restore Historic Torah 2Health News:Calvary Hospital Announces Plans to Restore Historic Torah 3Health News:Looking for HOPE? Healthy Home Has Evolv’d 2Health News:Looking for HOPE? Healthy Home Has Evolv’d 3Health News:Frenemy at the Gates - Hackers Excel at Leveraging Trust 2Health News:Frenemy at the Gates - Hackers Excel at Leveraging Trust 3Health News:Frenemy at the Gates - Hackers Excel at Leveraging Trust 4Health News:March4thforWellBeing Foundation Kickoff 2Health News:Connecticut Executive Hikes Appalachian Trail to Raise Awareness About Recovery. 2
... begun full-parity plans ahead of deadline; new case studies ... reports the majority of its customers are revamping their ... Act, and that a significant amount already have gone ... 1, 2010. ComPsych Corporation is the world,s largest provider ...
... University of Leeds are working on a new type of body ... cement with recycled carbon fibre materials to make a material tough ... project, still at the early research stage, is being carried out ... Philip Purnell, who is leading the team, said: "By using cement ...
... Improves Patient Care with Automatic Access to Radiology Reports ... a division of Conceptual MindWorks, Inc. (CMI), today announced ... Radiological Association,s (ARA) radiology reports. ARA is one of ... operates 14 outpatient radiology clinics in addition to providing ...
... Innovative new concept caters to active baby-boomer retirees , ... of America (ORCA) has started taking reservations for a program ... private residential cruise ship that also provides both the Independent ... , "People retire to Florida for three things mainly ...
... , CHICAGO, June 29 Rising Financial ... of Rising Medical Solutions, Inc., is pleased to announce ... Business Development for its Medicare Set Aside (MSA) Administration ... , , Abdelsayed joins Rising Financial Solutions (Rising) ...
... , Italy, June 29 Health-Robotics today announced,that ... with Grifols,S.A., the leading Pharmacy Automation provider in ... accurately, and cost-effectively automate,the preparation of non-hazardous IV ... this strategic partnership, Grifols will take,delivery of 120 ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Mental Health Parity Act Spurs Early Action Among Employers 2Health News:Sevocity Launches EHR (Electronic Health Record) Interface With Austin Radiological Association 2Health News:Sevocity Launches EHR (Electronic Health Record) Interface With Austin Radiological Association 3Health News:Retirement Cruise Ship Nearing Launch 2Health News:Rising Financial Solutions Taps Director of Business Development for Medicare Set Aside Administration Offerings 2Health News:Health Robotics Announces i.v.STATION(TM) Contract With Grifols in Spain, Portugal and South America 2Health News:Health Robotics Announces i.v.STATION(TM) Contract With Grifols in Spain, Portugal and South America 3
(Date:7/30/2015)... Ohio , July 30, 2015  Cleveland Clinic ... OMTEC® 2015 keynote address last month that industry is ... in order to gain the efficiencies—and develop the transformational ... Dr. Barsoum,s comments were preceded by Doug ... entrepreneur and OMTEC moderator, who stressed that industry must ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... , July 30, 2015  Growth of the ... as they bring former prescription users to the OTC ... Kline forecasts robust Rx-to-OTC switch activity over the ... emerging along with many new brands entering the market ... over the next five years (even those with low ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... 2015 P&S Market ... market overview, trends, DRO analysis, market segmentation, ... developments, competitive scenario and top competitor profiles ... Market Development and Demand Forecast to 2020  ... Explore more about global biosensors ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Orthopaedic Surgery Reimbursement Shifts to Episode of Care 2Rx-to-OTC Switches -- Game Changers for the U.S. OTC Drugs Market through 2019, Sees Kline 2Rx-to-OTC Switches -- Game Changers for the U.S. OTC Drugs Market through 2019, Sees Kline 3Global Biosensors Market (Size of $12,964 Million in 2014) to Witness 10% CAGR During 2015 - 2020 2Global Biosensors Market (Size of $12,964 Million in 2014) to Witness 10% CAGR During 2015 - 2020 3Global Biosensors Market (Size of $12,964 Million in 2014) to Witness 10% CAGR During 2015 - 2020 4Global Biosensors Market (Size of $12,964 Million in 2014) to Witness 10% CAGR During 2015 - 2020 5
... , WOONSOCKET, R.I., Oct. 15 CVS/pharmacy announced today ... October 22, in light of manufacturer delays in delivery ... However, MinuteClinic will continue to administer seasonal flu ... the flu season with the supply of vaccine replenished ...
... Cynosure, Inc. (Nasdaq: CYNO ... of light-based aesthetic treatment systems, today announced that the company ... 27, 2009 at 9:00 a.m. ET. , On the call, ... President and Chief Financial Officer Timothy Baker will discuss Cynosure,s ...
Cached Medicine Technology:CVS Caremark Announces Updates to Flu Vaccine Program 2CVS Caremark Announces Updates to Flu Vaccine Program 3Cynosure to Announce Third-Quarter 2009 Financial Results on October 27 2
... Nephew ECTRA II systems permit the surgeon ... ligament endoscopically, allowing access via two portals ... endoscopic lens fogging with good air flow. ... and control. ECTRA knives permit the surgeon ...
... Screw System provides a unique option for the ... particularly the opening wedge osteotomy of the first ... Fragment Plate and Screw Set is a complete ... houses the plates, screws, and drills. It provides ...
Micro instruments designed to provide maximum grasping, resecting capability, and excellent maneuverability for easy access to tight, small joints (wrist, elbow, and ankle).,Features pinless hinge d...
Micro instruments designed to provide maximum grasping, resecting capability, and excellent maneuverability for easy access to tight, small joints (wrist, elbow, and ankle).,Features pinless hinge d...
Medicine Products: