Navigation Links
A consistent decline in heart attack rates following the implementation of smoking bans
Date:9/22/2009

Strongly enforced legislation to restrict smoking produces rapid and substantial reductions in community rates of heart attack, according to a meta-analysis published today in Circulation, the journal of the American Heart Association.(1) The analysis pooled 13 studies from regions in North America, Italy, Scotland and Ireland and, despite their geographical range, found a consistent reduced risk of hospitalisation for heart attack (acute myocardial infarction, AMI) of 17% (ie, a relative risk for AMI of 0.83) at 12 months following implementation of the law. The investigators added that this benefit "grows with time", reaching a gain of "about 36%" in three years.

The study was designed to determine the "consistent" effect of smoking bans on AMI rates in communities, and was therefore concerned with both the direct and second-hand effects of smoking. Several studies have shown that the effects of second-hand smoke on many biological mediators associated with AMI risk occur rapidly and are nearly as large as those from direct smoking. For example, a study reported last year showed that passive exposure to second-hand smoke in as short a time as 24 hours led to "sustained vascular injury" characterised by reduced endothelial function and activity of endothelial progenitor cells.(2) According to the American Heart Association's Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2009 Update, non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke at home or at work have a 25-30% increased risk of developing heart disease.

Since the first smoking bans were introduced (the first in Europe was in 2004 in Ireland) there have been many reports showing a decline in hospital admissions for AMI following implementation. Indeed, such laws are the best current examples of a clear association between prevention policies and cardiovascular disease. In Europe reduced AMI rates following smoking bans have been reported from France (15% decrease), Italy (11.2%), and Ireland (11%)
'/>"/>

Contact: ESC Press Office
press@escardio.org
33-049-294-8627
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
2. Public Health and Need for Consistent Standards Preclude Exception for Breastfeeding Mother in National Medical Licensing Test
3. Spate of Staph Infections Highlight the Need for Thorough, Consistent Cleaning Regimen at Home, at School and at Work
4. New Report Finds 16 Percent of All Children in Florida Dont Have Consistent Access to Meals
5. New Report Finds 16 Percent of All Children in Nebraska Dont Have Consistent Access to Meals
6. Consistent, Managed Treatment Works Best for Children With AD/HD
7. Key Risk Factors for Suicide Consistent Across Globe
8. Integrium Introduces Its Integrium Clinical Excellence (ICE) Methodology to Assure Consistent Delivery of Sponsor Clinical Trials
9. MD On-Line Achieves CAQH CORE(TM) Certification for Consistent Healthcare Administrative Data Exchange
10. USAs largest ever prostate cancer screening program shows high compliance and consistent results
11. Delusions associated with consistent pattern of brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/22/2014)... 2014 “Due to my knee replacement surgery, ... Gurnee, Ill. “While using the ice grip attachment, I noticed ... there needed to be a safer way to prevent possible ... , The SPIKE BLOCK offers added safety and stability in ... to reduce injuries and damage associated with traditional spiked ice ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... Dallas, TX (PRWEB) November 22, 2014 ... Society (ICS) as the complaint that the individual ... times for voiding. The report “Nocturia – Pipeline ... therapeutic development for Nocturia, complete with comparative analysis ... mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... Domestic farmgate milk and dairy ... due to a fall in demand for ... amid the global financial crisis. However, these declines ... dairy manufacturers on the international scene. Strong growth ... growth, primarily due to supply constraints in some ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... 2014 Lipitor lawsuits ( http://www.lipitorlawsuitcenter.com/ ) ... allegedly developed Type 2 diabetes due to its use ... now underway in U.S. District Court, District of South ... the litigation will convene its next Status Conference on ... Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs and Defendants to meet and ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... Recently, UWDress.com is gratified to introduce its new ... addition, the company has also offered an attracting discount ... online supplier of wedding dresses, UWDress.com is good at ... wedding guest gowns are provided over 20 colors, which ... selection is famous for high quality. Therefore, its sales ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Nocturia Therapeutic Pipeline Market Review by Drugs and Companies H2 2014 Report at RnRMarketResearch.com 2Health News:Nocturia Therapeutic Pipeline Market Review by Drugs and Companies H2 2014 Report at RnRMarketResearch.com 3Health News:Nocturia Therapeutic Pipeline Market Review by Drugs and Companies H2 2014 Report at RnRMarketResearch.com 4Health News:Butter and Dairy Product Manufacturing in Australia Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld 2Health News:Butter and Dairy Product Manufacturing in Australia Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld 3Health News:Butter and Dairy Product Manufacturing in Australia Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld 4Health News:Lipitor Lawsuit Conference Scheduled for December, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:Lipitor Lawsuit Conference Scheduled for December, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3Health News:Best Wedding Guest dresses Introduced by UWDress.com 2
... therapy changed as needed, study found , , MONDAY, May ... have only a 50-50 chance that their doctors will ... a new study finds. , Treating high blood pressure ... pressure can lead to increased risk for heart attack, ...
... Medical Center-led pilot study that showed antidepressants can significantly ... cancer patients is the focus of an article published ... the publications produced by the Journal of American Medical ... UNMCs William Lydiatt, M.D., and Bill Burke, M.D., showed ...
... new life as a stroke treatment, researchers say. , ... inhibiting white blood cells and enzymes that, at ... respectively, says Dr. David Hess, chair of the Department ... of Medicine. The broad-spectrum antibiotic also seems to reduce ...
... clinical trial led by a University of North Carolina ... an effective treatment for dysplasia in people with Barretts ... cancer. , The interim results show there is a ... placebo or sham treatment, said Dr. Nicholas Shaheen, principal ...
... International,Meeting, FAIRFAX, Va., May 19 The American ... a cancer,survivor in the Boston area who has dedicated ... the local community. The winner of the Survivor Circle ... on Tuesday, September 23,2008, at the Boston Convention and ...
... NY) Michael Brownlee, M.D., the Anita and Jack ... of Medicine of Yeshiva University, has been selected by ... prestigious David Rumbough Award for Scientific Excellence. The ... to diabetes research. Actress Dina Merrill established this ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Many Diabetics Don't Get Necessary Blood Pressure Treatment 2Health News:Many Diabetics Don't Get Necessary Blood Pressure Treatment 3Health News:JAMA publication features study on depression and head and neck cancer 2Health News:Old antibiotic may find new life as a stroke treatment 2Health News:Old antibiotic may find new life as a stroke treatment 3Health News:Radiofrequency ablation is effective treatment for dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus 2Health News:Award Honors Boston Cancer Survivor Who Gives Back 2Health News:Dr. Michael Brownlee receives JDRF Rumbough Award for Scientific Excellence 2
(Date:11/22/2014)... JUNCTION, N.J. , Nov. 21, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... company commercializing its European Union approved CytoSorb® cytokine ... worldwide, was awarded the Beacon of Light Award ... Awards Celebration.  Dr. Phillip ... "It is an honor to be recognized by ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... LONG BEACH, Calif. , Nov. 21, 2014   ... implants. Dental implants are often called the gold standard in ... teeth. They are a stable, long-lasting way to restore and ... use dental implants to replace a missing tooth or as ... to completely transform the look and feel of a smile. ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... , Nov. 21, 2014 MEDITE Group acquired ... nine months and the 3 rd quarter sales ended ... income was $448,000 for the nine months ended September 2014 ... "Even though our 3 rd quarter is usually a ... extends from July into September for many countries worldwide, we ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:CytoSorbents Wins Beacon of Light Award 2CytoSorbents Wins Beacon of Light Award 3CytoSorbents Wins Beacon of Light Award 4Long Beach Dentist, Dr. Rassouli, is Now Offering Dental Implants 2CytoCore Inc. / MEDITE Cancer Diagnostics, Inc. Reports Record YTD and 3rd Quarter Sales 2CytoCore Inc. / MEDITE Cancer Diagnostics, Inc. Reports Record YTD and 3rd Quarter Sales 3
... 2010 The board of directors of Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: ... dividend on the company,s common stock, payable March 1, 2011, ... February 4, 2011.  Pfizer increased the dividend by approximately 11 ... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20100416/PFIZERLOGO) "This dividend increase is a ...
... Out of hundreds of Medicare Advantage ... SNP) is one of only five plans across the country that ... from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). ... and drug plans perform on a scale of one to five, ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Pfizer Declares A 20-Cent First-Quarter 2011 Dividend 2IEHP Earns Highest Rating for Medicare Part D Quality and Performance 2
Shielding's Wrap-Around Apron is designed for front and back protection. This apron features extra wide shoulders distributing weight over a greater area to reduce fatigue....
... Apron has standard front protection. ... from the shoulders to the ... a 6" wide elastic belt. ... apron snug. Belts may be ...
Shielding's Fast Wrap Apron offers both comfort and ease of wearing. Adjustable back shoulder strap keeps apron snug. No ties or buckles....
Shielding's Standard Coat Apron with open back allows for freedom of movement, maximum flexibility and increased comfort....
Medicine Products: