The first study into the prevalence of overall cardiovascular risk in the Spanish working population (ICARIA) shows that 6% of workers have a high risk (8% on men and 2% in women). This prevalence increases with age in both sexes, and is highest in the farming sector, followed by construction, industry and services.
"In Spain, approximately one million workers have a high level of cardiovascular risk, but only a minority of these people classify themselves as at risk", Miguel ngel Snchez Chaparro, coordinator of the ICARIA study and a researcher at the University of Malaga (UMA), tells SINC. "These figures show that most of them are probably unaware of their risk level".
The study, published in the journal Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, reveals that 6% of workers have high overall cardiovascular risk (8% of men and 2% of women), while for 1% the risk is moderate. In addition, the prevalence of high risk increases with age in both sexes, and is highest in the farming sector, followed by construction, industry and services.
The ICARIA study is the first piece of research to establish this risk in all of Spain's autonomous regions, industrial sectors and jobs. It was carried out between May 2004 and June 2005 among more than 300,000 apparently healthy workers, with an average age of 36.
Among other conclusions, the study indicates a higher prevalence of high cardiovascular risk among blue collar workers than in white collar workers, in both sexes.
"The differences we found are related to the greater prevalence of risk factors in these sectors of activity and could help to set priorities for prevention", says Snchez Chaparro.
The authors stress the importance of stratifying global cardiovascular risk, which could help contribute to more efficient prevention of cardiovascular disease, above given that these measures apply to people who are mostly young and healthy, and who do not usua
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology