Navigation Links
4 preventable risk factors reduce US life expectancy and lead to health disparities
Date:3/22/2010

A study published this week in PLoS Medicine finds that four risk factors smoking, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and obesity explain a substantial amount of the disparity in life expectancy amongst the "Eight Americas", which are groups of the US population that can be defined by race, and location and socioeconomic features of counties they live in. Together, these four risk factors are estimated to reduce life expectancy in the United States by 4.9 years in men and 4.1 years in women. The researchers calculate that disparities in life expectancy in the "Eight Americas" would decline by 20% if the four risk factors were reduced to optimal levels.

Smoking, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and obesity are preventable risk factors responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths in the United States each year through chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers and diabetes. Goodarz Danaei (of the Harvard School of Public Health) and collaborators used information from national surveys to estimate the number of deaths that would have been prevented in 2005 if exposure to these four risk factors had been reduced. They estimated the effect of the risk factors on life expectancy in the United States as a whole, and also on the disparities in life expectancy and deaths from specific diseases among the "Eight Americas" that were observed in a previous study (http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030260)

The researchers found that a person's ethnicity and where they live is a predictor of life expectancy and health. The Asian American subgroup had the lowest body mass index, smoking rates and blood sugar, whilst the white subgroups had the lowest blood pressure. Blood pressure was highest in the US black population, especially in the rural south; body mass index was highest in western Native American men and southern low-income rural black women; and smoking highest in western Native Americans and low-income whites in Appalachia and the Mississippi Valley. The effect on life expectancy of these factors was smallest in the Asian group and largest in low-income southern rural blacks.

Whilst acknowledging that other factors such as alcohol use and dietary salt are also major contributors to disease, the researchers emphasize that public health interventions to reduce smoking, high blood pressure, blood sugar and obesity must be implemented and evaluated to improve the nation's health and reduce health disparities in the United States.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Hyde
press@plos.org
44-122-346-3330
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 4 preventable risk factors reduce life expectancy in US and lead to health disparities
2. ONE Launches New Campaign to Empower Women in the Fight Against Poverty and Preventable Disease
3. Ninety Percent of All Vaccine Preventable Deaths Occur in Those 65 and Older According to Highlighted Studies in the December Patient Safety Advisory
4. Numerous factors weighed when patients cannot make their own decisions
5. Transcription factors may dictate differences between individuals
6. Predisposing factors for conversion of mild cognitive impairment to AD identified
7. Federal Government Premium Review Ignores Real Factors Driving Healthcare Costs
8. H1N1 learnings: Risk factors for severe outcomes among patients admitted to hospital with H1N1
9. Early Factors Predict Later-Life Stroke Risk, from the Harvard Health Letter
10. 3 key factors to help children avoid social rejection identified
11. For Heart Health, Focus on Risk Factors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... CO (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... Advanced ... announced it has appointed Jason Bice, CPA, MBA to serve as Advanced Inc.’s Chief ... for Advanced, Inc. , Jason brings extensive financial and operational leadership experience to ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Raleigh, NC (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... the Open Enrollment Period (or Annual Election Period), is ending December 7th. Currently-enrolled Medicare ... plan (Part C) or prescription drug plan (Part D) need to make changes during ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet’s newest campaign, “Digestive Heath,” hits ... proof that attitude and determination can combine into the most remarkable achievements. Over ... holidays. This campaign will offer patients a new-found hope, by seizing the opportunity ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet is ... USA Today, which covers the innovative treatments, therapeutic technologies, and revolutionized nutrition that ... “We are prolonging life 6 years in the last 3 decades,” says Dr. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... veterinarian diagnostic imaging systems and the first company to offer robotic imaging ... Heart at their tradeshow booth # 941 for the American Association of Equine ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016 Lianluo Smart Limited ... "the Company") which develops, markets and sells medical ... China and international markets, recently ... and Treatment New Progress Forum, co-hosted by the ... Province , Guangdong Provincial People,s Hospital and ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 1, 2016 The concept of rare diseases ... given to this sector has been taking shape in ... the political aspects and initiatives related to orphan medicinal products ... the level of member states individually. Many member states in ... the space of orphan medicinal products, the result of which ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN ), a ... previously announced Accelerated Share Repurchase (ASR) Program. Logo - ... ... previously announced, the Company entered into a variable tenor ASR ... repurchase $10 billion of its ordinary shares. Approximately 40.5 million ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: