Navigation Links
2 new species of mushroom documented in the Iberian Peninsula
Date:2/26/2013

In collaboration with the Royal Botanic Gardens of Madrid and the Slovenian Forestry Institute, researchers in the Basque Country have documented two new species of Hydnum, commonly known as ox tongue mushrooms, as part of their study published in the 'Mycologia' journal. This genus is known because many of its fungi are edible.

Spanish researchers have headed the discovery of two mushroom species belonging to the Hydnum genus, a type of fungus commonly used in cooking.

"During our study we discovered two new species: Hydnum ovoideisporum and Hydnum vesterholtii, which belong to a genus commonly known as 'ox tongue'. Although many of this species' mushrooms are consumed in many parts of the world, paradoxically there have been few recent serious studies that attempt to clarify what species exist and the differences between them," as explained to SINC by Ibai Olariaga Ibarguren, lead researcher of the study conducted from the University of the Basque Country.

According to the experts, differentiating this genus is a very complicated task since there is much resemblance between species and they have rather similar microscopic characteristics. "This is one of the reasons why many authors of studies have believed that there are few Hydnum species with different variables," outlines the scientist.

Nonetheless, the scarcity of molecular studies carried out on these fungi indicates that their genetic diversity is very high. Olariaga himself has been performing a review of this genus in the Iberian Peninsula for years. One day he discovered that there were two species that were distinguishable from the rest because of their specific ecology and the fact that they had ovoid basidiospores, instead of the blastospores in the majority of species.

"The molecular study that our work provides confirmed that the species detected at the time using classical morphology-based taxonomy belonged to two genetically different lineages," highlights the researcher.

Recognising collected species

Since they cannot be cultivated, species belonging to the Hydnum genus are collected from natural ecosystems in large quantities. They are not poisonous, which is one of the reasons why great emphasis has not been placed on differentiating them.

Nonetheless, very little is known about how widespread they are, their ecology and whether those being collected are an endangered species or under threat of extinction or, on the contrary, a very common species.

"This type of study allows us to delve deeper into these aspects and gain precise information that can be interesting from an applied point of view, since it is necessary to know for example if one or a few species produce certain secondary metabolites or molecules of industrial interest," explains Olariaga.

It is probable that the collectors have consumed these two new species since Hydnum mushrooms are phylogenetically related to Cantharellus (chanterelles) and Clavulina (coral fungi) and they all have edible species. "It would be highly unlikely that these two species documented were not actually edible."


'/>"/>
Contact: SINC
info@agenciasinc.es
34-914-251-820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. U of T Researchers uncover major source of evolutionary differences among species
2. Less ferocious Tasmanian devils could help save species from extinction
3. Some like it hot: Tropical species not as vulnerable to climate change extinction
4. Fossilized Teeth Hold Clues to Early Human Species Diet
5. New anti-inflammatory drugs pinch off reactive oxygen species at the source
6. Mushroom-supplemented soybean extract shows therapeutic promise for advanced prostate cancer
7. 4 acute mushroom poisonings in 2 weeks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
2 new species of mushroom documented in the Iberian Peninsula
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 04, 2016 , ... Natalie Jill ... with local company MitoXcell in preparation of the launch of her new book: Natalie ... plan is a nutritional guide designed to jump start a new healthy lifestyle featuring ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... all-LED multi-function small and compact tactical (6.7 inch) dual-light flashlights in models ... Vegas, model NSP-9842XL (average retail starting at $59.95) uses 2 included CR-123 batteries ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... Wisconsin (PRWEB) , ... May ... ... delivers next-level compression and support for knees, ankles, and elbows. Engineered with ... , Innovative 3D flat-bed manufacturing (opposed to ineffective circular knitting, common in ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... 2016, a powerful cellular therapy software application that helps blood and marrow ... patients. , Since Transtem’s initial launch, Mediware has continued to enhance core application ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... ... Over 40 athletic trainer’s (ATs) and athletic training students (ATSs) from across ... advocacy day. The annual lobbying effort is a collaboration between the Pennsylvania Athletic ... the day was to educate the elected legislators and the public about the profession ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... 4, 2016  It,s time for an upgrade. There are many medical recorders on ... inch LCD, the illustrious DVMAXX HD  offers unparalleled connectivity and functionality.  Ampronix  is ... world class manufacturer of innovative technology.  Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160503/363416 ... ... ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... May 4, 2016 Valeritas Holdings, ... an alternative public offering (APO). This was accomplished via ... Valeritas, Inc. and a private placement of approximately 5 ... per share. Under the terms of the ... Valeritas Holdings, Inc. will trade on the OTC Markets ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016 ... addition of the  "Global Acute lymphocytic Leukemia ...  report to their offering.       ... Global Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Market and Competitive ... Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia pipeline products, Acute Lymphocytic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: