Navigation Links
2-item questionnaire proves to be a valid depression screening tool for radiation therapy patients
Date:9/23/2013

Atlanta, September 23, 2013 Cancer patients receiving radiotherapy (RT) who are potentially suffering from depression can be effectively identified by a two-item questionnaire, according to research presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO's) 55th Annual Meeting.

The Radiation Oncology Therapy Group (RTOG) Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP)-supported multi-institutional study screened 455 patients receiving radiation treatment at 37 centers around the U.S. Participants in the study were seeking treatment for breast cancer (45 percent); GI cancer (11 percent); lung cancer (10 percent); gynecologic cancer (6 percent); or other cancers (27 percent). Sixty-six percent of the patients in the trial (298) were women.

Depression screenings were performed before or within two weeks of treatment of the initial cancer diagnosis. The screening forms included the single-item National Comprehensive Cancer Network-Distress Thermometer (NCCN-DT); the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25);and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, (PHQ-9), which includes Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) as its first two questions. All of the study participants answered the screening questionnaires with 100 percent completion.

Patients received the PHQ-9 and were asked if, within the past two weeks, they had "little interest or pleasure in doing things," or "if they were feeling down, depressed or hopeless." It was discovered that patients' responses to these two questions (the PHQ-2) were as useful in identifying depression as results from the entire PHQ-9, and were more indicative than results from the NCCN-DT.

Within the study, a total of 75 patients (16 percent) screened positively for depressive symptoms. PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 had similar accuracy in detecting depression with an area under the curve (AUC) of approximately 0.83 for each and was superior to the HLSC-25 (.79) and the NCCN-DT (.60).

Of the facilities included in the study, 68 percent offer mental health services. Patients who screened positive for depression symptoms, along with a systematic sample of patients who screened negative, were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) Mood Disorder modules by telephone. The study determined that screening in an RT setting was well-received by patients and feasible.

"Detection of depression in cancer patients is an important public health priority, and the ability to screen and treat cancer patients for depression can have a major impact on a patient's quality of life," said William Small Jr., MD, FASTRO, presenting author of the study and chairman of the Department of Radiation Oncology at Loyola University Chicago. "This study was designed to test the feasibility of screening for major depression in cancer patients receiving radiation therapy. The ability of a two-question survey to effectively screen for depression will hopefully prompt more centers to screen and to refer patients in need of mental health services," said Lynn I. Wagner, PhD, principal investigator of the study and an associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University in Chicago.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michelle Kirkwood
michellek@astro.org
703-286-1600
American Society for Radiation Oncology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The Sergeant Sullivan Center Calls on Veterans, Advocates, Scientists, and Military Families to Provide Commentary on the VA Proposed Open Burn Pit Registry Questionnaire
2. hCGTreatments / Diet Doc hCG Diets & Weight Loss Plans Announces New Intuitive Health Questionnaire, Capable of Identifying the Underlying Causes of Weight Gain
3. hCGTreatments / Diet Doc hCG Diets & Weight Loss Plans Improves the My Diet Doc Health Questionnaire; Better Identifying Internal Factors that May Hinder Fast Weight Loss
4. hCGTreatments / Diet Doc hCG Diets & Weight Loss Plans Announces My Diet Doc Health Questionnaire Providing Symptom Based Medical Weight Loss
5. Online USA Doctors Announces a New Online, Medical Record System That Improves Patient Health Outcomes
6. Massage Combined with Resistance Significantly Improves Hamstring Flexibility
7. FDA Approves Memory Shape Silicone Implants
8. Transcranial direct current stimulation improves sleep in patients with post-polio syndrome
9. Latest Scientific Research Proves Accurate - The Health Laws in the Bible Would Stop All Cancer, Yisrayl Hawkins Says
10. Onsite colposcopy clinic improves cancer screening rates: Study
11. Classic Comedy Series Proves a Palm Springs Classic by Brad Schmett
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements owned ... developed to enhance the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and is made ... in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are Astragalus Root ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Austin, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... Fellow of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for ... popular and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong ... Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. ... to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June ... with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking ... common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary ... Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its work ... marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  American Respiratory Labs (ARL), a ... now able to perform sophisticated lung assessments in patients, homes, thanks ... Inc. Patients are no longer limited to having ... PRO ® , ARL patients like Jeanne R. of ... the comfort of her own home. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... According to a new market ... Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length (4mm, 5mm, 6mm, ... of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends & Global Forecasts ... market for the forecast period of 2016 to 2021. ... by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion in 2016, growing ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Belgium , June 24, 2016 ... the appointment of Dr. Edward Futcher ... Non-Executive Director, effective June 23, 2016.Dr. Futcher was ... Nominations and Governance Committees.  As a non-executive member ... independent expertise and strategic counsel to VolitionRx in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: