Navigation Links
1957-58 Flu Pandemic Can Provide Clues to Planning for h1n1
Date:8/5/2009

Similarities Between 2 Pandemics Can Aid in Preparedness and Response

BALTIMORE, Aug. 5 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As the U.S. prepares for a resurgence of H1N1 influenza this fall, much can be learned from looking at a previous pandemic that had similar patterns. In an article published today in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism, researchers at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) examined historical documents, published material, and newspaper coverage related to the 1957-58 influenza pandemic to compare the progress and severity of that outbreak with the current one. The simple, practical actions taken in 1957 allowed the country to continue functioning with minimal disruption.

(Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20090805/DC57357LOGO)

Lead author Dr. D. A. Henderson had major responsibility for establishing the CDC influenza surveillance program during the early stages of the 1957 flu; data and analysis of events presented are based on his direct experiences as well as copies of surveillance reports that were published in 1957-58.

"There is need for an understanding in national policy circles of the options for dealing with a pandemic, and time is short if states and local communities are going to be prepared," said Henderson.

During the 1957 pandemic, 25% of the U.S. population became ill, and excess mortality due to pneumonia and influenza occurred. It was a rapidly spreading disease, and it quickly became apparent to U.S. health officials that efforts to stop or slow its spread were futile.

Thus, no efforts were made to quarantine individuals or groups, and a deliberate decision was made not to cancel or postpone large meetings such as conferences, church gatherings, or athletic events. Health officials emphasized providing medical care to those who were sick and keeping community and health services functioning. School absenteeism was high, but schools were not closed unless the number of students or teachers fell low enough to warrant closure.

Special efforts were made to speed the production of vaccine, but the quantities that were produced were too late to substantially affect the impact of the epidemic. The spread of the disease was so rapid that within 3 months it had swept across the country and had largely disappeared.

Although it is impossible to predict the course that H1N1 will take, planning for it can be informed by the experiences of the recent past.

The article, "Public Health and Medical Responses to the 1957-58 Influenza Pandemic," was published in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism ahead of print at: http://www.liebertonline.com/toc/bsp/0/0.

Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science, a quarterly peer-reviewed journal, is published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

The Center for Biosecurity is an independent, nonprofit organization of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) whose mission is to strengthen national security by reducing the risks posed by biological attacks, epidemics, and other destabilizing events, and to improve the nation's resilience in the face of such events.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. HHS Announces $75 Million in Supplemental Funding to States for Pandemic Flu Preparedness
2. CEO Addresses Tennessee Business Leaders About Developing Pandemic and Business Continuity Plans
3. Peer-Reviewed, Online Database Showcases Local, County and State Pandemic Planning
4. New Report Says a Pandemic is Overdue, But Companies and Nations are ill Prepared to Cope With the Impact
5. Report highlights inadequate pandemic planning as a threat to EU security
6. AIDS Ignorance: One-Third of Adults Admit Little or No Knowledge of Pandemic
7. Global Summit on AIDS & The Church Calls for Public, Private and Parish Sectors To Unite in Response to Worldwide Pandemic: Pastor Rick and Kay Warren Host More Than 1,700 at Event Featuring International Dignitaries, Political Figures and International E
8. Vical Expands Clinical Testing of DNA Vaccine Against H5N1 Pandemic Influenza
9. CEO Addresses Georgia Business Leaders About Developing Pandemic and Business Continuity Plans
10. iJET Unveils 2007 Year-in-Review Report on Avian Influenza and Pandemic Planning
11. Flu Pandemic: Is the U.S. Ready?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... The Spiritual Care Association ... for their valuable support to patients and their families, and their overall contribution to ... mark Spiritual Care Day, SCA has sent “Thank You Chaplain” cards with hand-painted artwork ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... All-Star Insurance of Northeast ... the people of their local community. The agency pledges to select a new ... hope is to bring awareness to important local causes with fundraising and other ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... San Diego, California (PRWEB) , ... May 04, ... ... unique, wearable technology that is transforming breastfeeding for nursing mothers. The company’s patented ... milk intake while breastfeeding. Today, the company announced that the technology is now ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... today announced that it was chosen as the Pharmaceutical News Provider of the ... The awards acknowledge the hard work and dedication of community members who strive ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... support for knees, ankles, and elbows. Engineered with athletes in mind, OMNIFORCE ... manufacturing (opposed to ineffective circular knitting, common in the industry) produces premium ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... BROOMALL, Pa. , May 3, 2016 ... Attorney Jack Whelan and Delaware County ... NARCAN® (naloxone HCI) Nasal Spray in all ACME ... the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), naloxone has ... 2014, when police officers in Delaware County ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... OSWEGO, Ore. , May 3, 2016   ... the importance of extending care beyond the implant at ... Sessions, May 4-7 in San Francisco ... with continually delivering the highest quality of patient care ... patients are cared for each and every tomorrow," said ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... 3, 2016 According to market ... Development, Growth and Demand Forecast to 2022 - Industry ... (High Field, Very High Field, Low to Mid Field, ... Neck, Spine, Musculoskeletal, Vascular, Breast, Pelvic and Abdomen, Cardiac, ... imaging (MRI) market was valued at $5,351.7 million in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: