Navigation Links
1 in 7 students has dabbled in 'smart' drugs
Date:11/14/2013

This news release is available in German.

American and European studies prove that students use prescription medication or drugs to enhance their cognitive performance. Researchers from the universities of Zurich and Basel examined whether Swiss students have also experimented with neuroenhancement and which substances they take by conducting a survey of 6,725 students with an average age of 23 at the two universities and ETH Zurich.

Majority consumes soft enhancers

Around 94 percent of the students surveyed had already heard of neuroenhancement. 13.8 percent of these students had tried to improve their cognitive performance with prescription medication or legal or illegal drugs at least once during their degrees. The substance most used was alcohol (5.6%), followed by methylphenidate such as Ritalin (4.1%), sedatives and soporifics (2.7%), cannabis (2.5%), beta-blockers (1.2%), amphetamines (0.4%), and cocaine (0.2%).

The respondents primarily took these substances during the exam preparation period, only consuming stimulating substances rarely in the exam situation or for general stress during their degrees. While daily neuroenhancement was a rare occurrence (1.8%), the majority consumed "soft enhancers" such as caffeinated products, non-prescription vitamin products or herbal sedatives before their last big exam around a third even every day.

The number of Swiss students who take neuroenhancing drugs is comparable with recent studies conducted at European universities. "The purported frequency of neuroenhancement at Swiss universities needs to be put into perspective as we asked about psychoactive and calmative substances," says PD Michael Schaub, the study leader and head of the Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction.

Narrow majority obtained desired effect

As a rule, advanced students who also had a job alongside their degrees and reported higher stress levels consumed performance-enhancing substances more frequently. Certain differences were apparent depending on the degree course: In Switzerland, students of the subjects architecture (19.6%), journalism (18.2%), chemistry (17.6%), economics (17.1%), medicine (16.2%), or pharmaceutics (16.1%) had more experience of neuroenhancement than budding mathematicians (8.6%) or sports students (7%), for instance.

According to the survey, the intended effect was only achieved in a narrow majority of the students, which is why only around half would actually take these substances to boost their brain power again. "The development of neuroenhancement at Swiss universities should be monitored as students constitute a high-risk group that is exposed to increased stress and performance pressure during their degrees," concludes Schaub. "However, there is no need to intervene as yet."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Michael Schaub
michael.schaub@isgf.uzh.ch
41-444-481-165
University of Zurich
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. UMA Staff and Students Make 'Strides' to Fight Breast Cancer
2. Feinstein Institute Encourages Science Education for NY Area Middle and High School Students
3. EECPL Develops New Series of Management Games for MBA students
4. Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities Announces the 2014 Fred J. Epstein Youth Achievement Award Contest, Celebrating the Outstanding Accomplishments of Students with LD
5. Dissertation Mania will Provide Sample Research Papers to Master’s Students
6. The Therapist Development Center Now Awarding MSW Scholarships for Second Year MSW Students with the “Promising Futures in Clinical Social Work” Scholarship Program
7. After a concussion, students may need gradual transition back to academics
8. Starting from scratch: RIT program teaches first-year students how to learn
9. Colorado State University-Global Campus Launches New Initiative for Military Students: Operation EDU
10. Classroom Diaries becomes one-stop information provider and advisor for students
11. 20 Nursing Students Awarded 2013 APNA Board of Directors Student Scholarships by the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
1 in 7 students has dabbled in 'smart' drugs
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... , ... 38-Year-Old Plastic Surgeon Gill at Aesthetic Surgery Center is Saluted as ... that Plastic Surgeon Kiranjeet Gill has been awarded as one of the 15th annual ... that was started in 2003 to salute young achievers in Southwest Florida who have ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... ... SABRE is raising awareness about personal safety with a Chicago Transit Authority ... The Chicago, Illinois, based self-defense brand has been waiting for an opportunity like this ... their personal safety into their own hands. , The ads focus on their diverse ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Promotional Communication:, Keeping Up with ... In the competitive world of drug and device marketing and promotion, drug and ... rules. , The FDA has issued two draft guidances that are the closest ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... their communities, nine governmental public health departments have been awarded five-year accreditation status ... mean that the benefits of being served by a PHAB-accredited health department ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... or exercise more try taking a more holistic approach and use natural alternatives ... Amazon essential oil collection is certified USDA guaranteeing that, the new line of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/7/2017)... , Sept. 7, 2017   BioLife Solutions , Inc. ... marketer of proprietary clinical grade cell and tissue hypothermic ... that Mike Rice , President and CEO, will be ... Rodman & Renshaw 19 th Annual Global ... time (12:25 p.m. Pacific time). The conference is being held ...
(Date:9/6/2017)... 2017  Medical professionals are expected to ... treating their patients. Medical simulations offer clinicians ... patients. Simulation provides a safe method for ... procedures, refine techniques and build confidence, without ... technology, such as augmented reality, will now ...
(Date:9/6/2017)... , Sept. 6, 2017 NeuroRx, a clinical stage ... Ideation and Behavior (ASIB), has been granted Fast Track status ... therapy of NRX-100 (ketamine HCl) followed by NRX-101 (D-cycloserine + ... pivotal trial of this sequential therapy targeting patients who are ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: