Navigation Links
1 in 7 students has dabbled in 'smart' drugs
Date:11/14/2013

This news release is available in German.

American and European studies prove that students use prescription medication or drugs to enhance their cognitive performance. Researchers from the universities of Zurich and Basel examined whether Swiss students have also experimented with neuroenhancement and which substances they take by conducting a survey of 6,725 students with an average age of 23 at the two universities and ETH Zurich.

Majority consumes soft enhancers

Around 94 percent of the students surveyed had already heard of neuroenhancement. 13.8 percent of these students had tried to improve their cognitive performance with prescription medication or legal or illegal drugs at least once during their degrees. The substance most used was alcohol (5.6%), followed by methylphenidate such as Ritalin (4.1%), sedatives and soporifics (2.7%), cannabis (2.5%), beta-blockers (1.2%), amphetamines (0.4%), and cocaine (0.2%).

The respondents primarily took these substances during the exam preparation period, only consuming stimulating substances rarely in the exam situation or for general stress during their degrees. While daily neuroenhancement was a rare occurrence (1.8%), the majority consumed "soft enhancers" such as caffeinated products, non-prescription vitamin products or herbal sedatives before their last big exam around a third even every day.

The number of Swiss students who take neuroenhancing drugs is comparable with recent studies conducted at European universities. "The purported frequency of neuroenhancement at Swiss universities needs to be put into perspective as we asked about psychoactive and calmative substances," says PD Michael Schaub, the study leader and head of the Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction.

Narrow majority obtained desired effect

As a rule, advanced students who also had a job alongside their degrees and reported higher stress levels consumed performance-enhancing substances more frequently. Certain differences were apparent depending on the degree course: In Switzerland, students of the subjects architecture (19.6%), journalism (18.2%), chemistry (17.6%), economics (17.1%), medicine (16.2%), or pharmaceutics (16.1%) had more experience of neuroenhancement than budding mathematicians (8.6%) or sports students (7%), for instance.

According to the survey, the intended effect was only achieved in a narrow majority of the students, which is why only around half would actually take these substances to boost their brain power again. "The development of neuroenhancement at Swiss universities should be monitored as students constitute a high-risk group that is exposed to increased stress and performance pressure during their degrees," concludes Schaub. "However, there is no need to intervene as yet."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Michael Schaub
michael.schaub@isgf.uzh.ch
41-444-481-165
University of Zurich
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. UMA Staff and Students Make 'Strides' to Fight Breast Cancer
2. Feinstein Institute Encourages Science Education for NY Area Middle and High School Students
3. EECPL Develops New Series of Management Games for MBA students
4. Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities Announces the 2014 Fred J. Epstein Youth Achievement Award Contest, Celebrating the Outstanding Accomplishments of Students with LD
5. Dissertation Mania will Provide Sample Research Papers to Master’s Students
6. The Therapist Development Center Now Awarding MSW Scholarships for Second Year MSW Students with the “Promising Futures in Clinical Social Work” Scholarship Program
7. After a concussion, students may need gradual transition back to academics
8. Starting from scratch: RIT program teaches first-year students how to learn
9. Colorado State University-Global Campus Launches New Initiative for Military Students: Operation EDU
10. Classroom Diaries becomes one-stop information provider and advisor for students
11. 20 Nursing Students Awarded 2013 APNA Board of Directors Student Scholarships by the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
1 in 7 students has dabbled in 'smart' drugs
(Date:5/28/2016)... States of America (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2016 , ... ... SuperCloset knows all too well the day to day issues, struggles and obstacles ... military. The Helping Veterans Grow Project provides active or retired military veteran(s) with ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... After a year and a half of planning the Multiple ... The Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held May 2 -4, 2016 at the ... United Kingdom came together to explore the many pathways individuals use to get into and ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... ... Southland Log Homes , designer and manufacturer of America’s Favorite Log ... be found on its website at SouthlandLogHomes.com. , The designs of the wood ... craftsmanship of timber post and beam construction. The result is a barn that ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... An ... returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics detailing ... inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in a ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An educational ... by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought leaders. It also ... advocates, associations and industry leaders such as Bioness. , As patients feel ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... 31, 2016 RnRMarketResearch.com adds "Asthma ... comparative analysis of Asthma therapy at various stages, therapeutics ... of administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest ... reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for ... Complete report on H1 2016 pipeline review ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... 30, 2016 On 28 May, 194 ... by 2030. At the 69 th World Health Assembly, ... Hepatitis Strategy, signalling the greatest global commitment in viral hepatitis ... eliminating hepatitis B and C by 2030 and includes a ... reduce annual deaths by 65% and increase treatment to 80%, ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... LabStyle Innovations Corp . ( NASDAQ: DRIO ... that the Company,s Chief Financial Officer, Zvi Ben-David ... 1-2 in New York, NY and ... Los Angeles, CA. During his ... including the U.S. FDA Clearance and commercial launch of the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: