Navigation Links
1 in 5 U.S. Deaths Attributed to Smoking, High BP
Date:4/28/2009

Prevention efforts 'have run out of steam,' expert says,,,,

TUESDAY, April 28 (HealthDay News) -- Want to reduce your risk of dying prematurely? Don't smoke and keep a healthy blood pressure level.

Each of those factors accounts for about one in five deaths among U.S. adults, according to new research.

Although both factors had previously been shown to be linked with premature death, the magnitude of the effect found in the new study was not expected, said Majid Ezzati, an associate professor of international health at the Harvard School of Public Health and the study's lead author. The findings were published in the April issue of the online journal PLoS Medicine.

Ezzati and his research colleagues found that other dietary, metabolic and lifestyle factors also accounted for a substantial number of deaths in the United States, including:

  • Smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • High salt intake
  • Low intake of fruits and vegetables
  • High blood sugar levels
  • High "bad" cholesterol
  • Overweight or obesity
  • High intake of trans fat
  • High intake of salt
  • Low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Low intake of omega-3 fatty acids (found in fish)
  • Alcohol intake

Using data from national health surveys and from the U.S. National Center on Health Statistics, the researchers estimated how many lives would be saved and deaths prevented if a risk factor were at the optimal level, creating what they called a comparative risk assessment. The optimal level for smoking, for instance, would be no smokers.

"We put these surveys of levels of these risk factors together with epidemiological studies that tell us how bad they are, and this led to estimates of the number of deaths that are caused by each risk factor," Ezzati said.

Being overweight or being physically inactive each accounted for 1 in 10 deaths. The dietary risks associated with the highest risk of death were high salt intake, low omega-3 intake and high trans fat intake.

Dr. Ramachandran Vasan, chief of the section of preventive medicine and epidemiology at Boston University School of Medicine and senior investigator for the Framingham Heart Study, said the researchers tried to quantify risk factors that included metabolic, dietary and lifestyle issues.

Their findings have "a lot of public health importance," he said. Vasan had no involvement with the study.

Ezzati agreed, saying the study results would show public health officials that "efforts to reduce smoking and lower blood pressure seem to have run out of steam."

Asked if the blood pressure risk factor was due to controlled or uncontrolled blood pressure, he said: "Controlled is an arbitrary term. Many people [with high blood pressure] who are controlled [on medication] are still at risk, because it is still high."

But Vasan said that, on an individual level, the study offers an important take-home point. "It reinforces the idea that it's a good idea to stop smoking and to periodically visit your doctor to get your blood pressure and your cholesterol checked," he said.

More information

The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more on lowering blood pressure.



SOURCES: Majid Ezzati, Ph.D., associate professor, international health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston; Ramachandran Vasan, M.D., chief, section of preventive medicine and epidemiology, and professor, medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston; April 2009, PLoS Medicine


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. £5 million investment in personalized medicines to cut patient deaths
2. Injuries, Deaths Tied to Consumer Drugs Rise Sharply
3. New Report: Dangerous Drug Side Effects and Deaths Doubled Since 1998... Seniors Hit Hardest
4. Child Deaths Fall Below 10 Million For First Time
5. Climate may increase heat-related deaths by 2050s, says Mailman School of PH study
6. Montana State University researchers investigate new suspect in West Nile deaths of pelicans
7. Assisted Suicide Wont Up Deaths for Vulnerable Groups: Study
8. Cruel Deaths in Mexico a Result of Closing U.S. Horse Processing Plants: AVMA
9. World Bank Group Report on Malaria in Africa Highlights Progress Towards Goal of Significantly Reducing Malaria Deaths
10. News of Declining Cancer Deaths Underscores the Power of Preventive Screening
11. ASGE Applauds News of Drop in Colorectal Cancer Deaths
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
1 in 5 U.S. Deaths Attributed to Smoking, High BP
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families ... However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client ... elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional women, brought ... gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. The event ... audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, click here ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh, has released a ... books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation paints a picture of ... have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins says that is because ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare ... (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States ... creation of published author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have ... thirty years in the Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... 2017  Commended for their devotion to personalized service, SMP ... number one in the South Florida Business Journal,s 50 Fastest-Growing ... yearly list, the national specialty pharmacy has found its niche.  ... will soon be honored by SFBJ as the 2017 Power ... Set to receive his award in October, Bardisa said of ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... 22, 2017  As the latest Obamacare repeal effort ... Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) ... medical device industry is in an odd place.  The ... 2.3% excise tax on medical device sales passed along ... covered patients, increased visits and hospital customers with the ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... 18, 2017 EpiVax, Inc. ("EpiVax") ... and immune engineering, today announced a new ... (H7N9) vaccine. ... influenza and presents a challenge for traditional ... to be effective. Using state-of-the-art bioinformatics and molecular ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: