Navigation Links
1 in 3 households misreports smoke alarm coverage
Date:4/25/2012

One in three households in Baltimore misreports its smoke alarm coverage, with the vast majority of errors due to over-reporting coverage, according to a study by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy. Reasons for over-reporting included study participants incorrectly assuming all of their alarms were working because they weren't beeping, and not having alarms on every level of the home. While previous research has found varying validity for self-report of smoke alarm coverage, this study is unique for also examining the reasons why individuals misreport. The report is available online in advance of publication in the journal Injury Prevention.

"Forty percent of all residential fire deaths in the U.S. occur in homes with no smoke alarms, and another twenty-three percent occur in homes where an alarm is present but not functioning," said study author Wendy Shields, MPH, an assistant scientist with the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, part of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. "Our study suggests relying upon self-reports of smoke alarm coverage is not an accurate way to measure whether homes are protected." The National Fire Protection Association recommends all residential homes have a smoke alarm in every bedroom, outside every sleeping area and on every level of the home.

Shields and colleagues conducted interviews and home observations with more than 600 households selected from 12 census tracts in East Baltimore, Maryland, a relatively low-income urban area. After respondents completed the questions on fire-safety behaviors, data collectors tested the functionality of all smoke alarms in the house. A small sample of the over-reporters were contacted by phone and asked a series of questions aimed at better understanding reasons for over-reporting.

"Despite the small number of follow-up respondents, the phone interviews give us some important insights," said Andrea Gielen, ScD, ScM, director of the John Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, and senior author of the report. "Particularly troubling is the fact that one in three of the follow-up respondents indicated they reported greater coverage than they actually had because they knew they should." This social desirability bias occurred despite the fact that respondents had been informed that data collectors would be testing alarms in the home as part of the interview. "The implication for both researchers who survey residents and firefighters who canvass communities is that it's critical to confirm smoke alarm status with actual testing of the alarms," added Gielen.

"Given the huge public health toll of residential fires in the U.S., every effort should be made to keep people safe in their homes," concluded Shields. "Public education efforts should include specific instructions on how to check alarm functionality and on the importance of having an alarm on every level of the house. More widespread use of the new 10-year lithium battery alarms would also make it easier for residents to keep their homes and families protected."


'/>"/>
Contact: Tim Parsons
tmparson@jhsph.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Public Smoking Bans May Spill Over to Households
2. Joint-Replacement Failure Rate Higher for Smokers: Studies
3. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
4. Half of Young Cigarette Smokers Also Smoke Pot: Survey
5. Obese Workers Health Care Costs Top Those of Smokers
6. Strong oral carcinogen identified in smokeless tobacco
7. Secondhand Smoke Affects Young Girls More Than Boys: Study
8. Nemours researchers uncover new evidence of cancer-causing agent present in gaseous phase of cigarette smoke
9. Secondhand Smoke in Childhood Linked to Lung Disease Years Later
10. Children exposed to cigarette smoke have increased risk of COPD in adulthood
11. Watching Movie Stars Light Up May Spur Kids to Smoke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... Antonio, TX (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... new clinic which can be found at 9618 Huebner Road. The clinic is the ... PT, OCS, Clinic Director, and Dr. Ali Higgins, PT, will provide care from the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Diego, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 ... ... has raised over $100,000 for its innovative EcoQube Frame vertical micro-veggies garden on ... the instant demand for the product – with nearly 2,000 consumers (and counting) ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... The law firm of ... is pleased to announce Westchester resident Lauren C. Enea has joined the firm as ... firm, will concentrate her practice in elder law, Medicaid planning and applications, and Wills, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Maryland (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... is the first Certified Medical Reiki™ Master in Frederick, MD. Judy says, “I ... their caregivers during what is often a very difficult and challenging time.” , ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... stories about real people of God in congregations across the United States. ... Presbyterian minister ordained in 1964 who has served congregations in seven states throughout ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... DALLAS , March 23, 2017  HealthMine surveys ... January 2017 revealed that health plan members want help ... reason to stay engaged in their health, 2) help ... an integrated platform for health and 5) relevant, real-time ... outcomes and lowering healthcare costs. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... GENEVA , March 24, 2017 ... revitalizes efforts to develop sutezolid as effective response to ... Day, TB Alliance and the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) ... sutezolid, an antibiotic drug candidate which demonstrated encouraging results ... of sutezolid in combination with other TB drugs and ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... -- Mosaic Life Care, based in St. Joseph, Missouri , has ... of 58 clinics, located in 22 cities, and its flagship St. Joseph Medical Center. ... the delivery of health care to its patients, including the insurance, billing and collections ... ... Mosaic Life Care St. Joseph Medical Center ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: