Navigation Links
Why Johnny Can't Add, Even After Tutoring

MONDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- Whether your child will benefit from math tutoring may depend more on brain structure than intelligence, a small study suggests.

The size and wiring of certain brain structures predicted how much a child would benefit from individual instruction in arithmetic, the Stanford University School of Medicine researchers found. They said traditional measures of intelligence, such as IQ and scores on math ability tests, did not predict improvement.

The findings could further the understanding of math-learning disabilities and lead to new targeted learning programs for children, the study authors suggested.

The study, published online April 29 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, included 24 third-grade students who had brain scans and underwent standard neuropsychological assessments -- including tests of IQ, working memory and reading -- before beginning eight weeks of math tutoring.

"What was really surprising was that intrinsic brain measures can predict change -- we can actually predict how much a child is going to learn during eight weeks of math tutoring based on measures of brain structure and connectivity," study senior author Vinod Menon, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, said in a Stanford news release.

All the children, who were 8 to 9 years old, showed improvement after tutoring. Overall, there was a 67 percent average improvement in the children's performance efficiency, a measure of accuracy and speed of problem solving. But individual gains varied widely, ranging from 8 percent to 198 percent, the investigators found.

When they compared the brain scans and the improvements after tutoring, the researchers found that larger sizes of three brain structures predicted which children would get the greatest benefit from tutoring. Of these structures, the one most strongly associated with improvement after tutoring was a larger hippocampus, which is one of the brain's most important memory centers.

The researchers also found that connections between the hippocampus and several other brain regions also predicted a child's ability to benefit from tutoring. These include the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia, which are important for forming long-term memories.

"The results are a significant step toward the development of targeted learning programs based on a child's current as well as predicted learning trajectory," study lead author Kaustubh Supekar, a postdoctoral scholar in psychiatry and behavioral sciences, said in the news release.

Next, the researchers plan to compare brain structure and wiring in children with and without math learning disabilities, and they hope to determine if children's brains can be exercised to help lower-performing students learn math.

More information

The Federal Resources for Educational Excellence offers material on learning mathematics.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Stanford University, news release, April 29, 2013

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Why Johnny Cant Run
2. Lung Cancer Asbestos Victims Center Now Urges Any Type Of Lung Cancer Victim Who Was Exposed To Asbestos At Work To Call Them About Possible Significant Compensation
3. Knee bracing can significantly reduce pain of kneecap osteoarthritis
4. Lung Cancer Asbestos Victims Center Now Urges Victims Of Lung Cancer Or Mesothelioma To Contact Them If They Had Exposure To Asbestos At Work-Significant Compensation
5. Novel Drug Treatment Quickly Reverses Alzheimer’s Disease Resulting in a Significant Reduction in Assisted Living Expenses
6. L-carnitine significantly improves patient outcomes following heart attack
7. Lung Cancer Asbestos Victims Center Now Urges Lung Cancer Victims To Contact Them About Possibly Significant Financial Compensation If They Were Exposed To Asbestos At Work
8. Revenue360® Delivers True Healthcare Pricing Transparency and Significant ROI via its Hospital Revenue Management Solution Suite
9. Sexual function improves significantly after hip or knee replacement surgery
10. Lung Cancer Asbestos Victims Center Urges US Navy Veterans Stricken With Any Type Of Lung Cancer If They Were Exposed In Asbestos - Possible Significant Compensation
11. Analysis of ASCOs QOPI® data finds significant improvement in performance on metrics for quality oncology care
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
 Why Johnny Can't Add, Even After Tutoring
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... alumni Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with ... for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, ... in business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in ... around the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of ... Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of ... taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s ... experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These products are ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. Parsa ... contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal ... the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA 510(k) ... — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy environments. ... transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement of ... Innovative Design ... Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... --  Provista, a proven leader in the supply ... power, today announced a new resource area on ... is the online home for case studies, articles on ... releases, slideshows and events. ... at their fingertips, viewers can also watch short videos ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Korea , Oct. 4, 2017  South Korean-based ... next-generation CPR training aide "cprCUBE" on Kickstarter. The device ... compression during cardiac arrests with better efficiency compared to ... also offers real-time feedback on efficacy of the compression ... crowdfunding campaign has a goal to raise $5,000. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: