Navigation Links
Brain Injury May Raise Soldier's Epilepsy Risk
Date:7/20/2010

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- A wartime brain injury may increase a soldier's risk of epilepsy even years later, a new study finds.

"Not only do combat veterans with a penetrating traumatic brain injury have high rates of epilepsy, but the development of epilepsy can occur decades after their lesion," said lead researcher Jordan Grafman, a senior investigator at the U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

And for those whose epilepsy develops soon after their brain injury, the seizures can become more severe as time passes, Grafman said.

The report, published in the July 20 issue of Neurology, recommends long-term medical follow-up of soldiers who suffer brain injuries.

For the study, Grafman's group evaluated 199 Vietnam War veterans who had had a penetrating brain injury about 35 years earlier. The veterans were given intelligence tests and brain scans to uncover lesions.

The researchers found that 87 veterans had developed post-traumatic epilepsy. In 11 cases, it took more than 14 years for the epilepsy to show up.

In some cases, the type of seizure changed over time, often becoming more severe or causing loss of consciousness, the team discovered.

Among young adults, post-traumatic epilepsy is the most common cause of new epilepsy, with almost 30,000 new cases diagnosed each year in the United States, the researchers pointed out.

"Post-traumatic epilepsy can be a chronic issue after traumatic brain injury and can affect cognitive and social functions as combat vets age," Grafman said. "Consideration needs to be given to providing combat veterans with TBI [traumatic brain injury] careful and routine evaluations for epilepsy," he added.

Dr. L. James Willmore, co-author of an accompanying journal editorial, said this report and earlier studies point out several risk factors for epilepsy, including brain volume loss from the trauma, metal fragments that remain within the brain, and the presence of a hematoma associated with the initial injury.

Seizures that develop after head trauma tend to be difficult to treat effectively, and patients tend to have persistent seizures once they develop, said Willmore, an associate dean and professor of neurology at Saint Louis University School of Medicine.

"Post-traumatic epilepsy has been known since antiquity, and researchers have yet to learn how to prevent its development following severe trauma, whether in combat or among the civilian population," Willmore said.

More information

For more information on epilepsy, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

SOURCES: Jordan Grafman, Ph.D., senior investigator, U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, Md.; L. James Willmore, M.D., associate dean and professor of neurology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo.; July 20, 2010, Neurology


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Gadgets not related to teenagers brain pain
2. Dementia Rates Escalate as Brain Capacity Diminishes with Age
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Scientists Pinpoint Area of Brain That Fears Losing Money
5. Physical Changes in Brain Linked to Altered Spirituality
6. Pro Athletes Brains React at Olympic Speed
7. Neuroscientists reveal new links that regulate brain electrical activity
8. Brain Scan Shows What Beauty is Worth
9. Study supports alternative anti-seizure medication following acute brain injury
10. Exercise helps protect brain of multiple sclerosis patients
11. Pittsburgh Neurosurgeons Explore Use of Drug that Illuminates Brain Tumor Cells To Guide Surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
 Brain Injury May Raise Soldier's Epilepsy Risk
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Accreditation Commission for Health Care (ACHC) is ... (HCAOA). This agreement allows HCAOA members to receive special pricing on ACHC’s Home ... University (AU) educational resources that help prepare HCAOA members for ACHC Accreditation. , ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... Clara, CA (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 ... ... is pleased to announce the integration of Microsoft(R) Word(TM) Online(TM), which enables sleep ... user experience, since it streamlines the reporting process and provides a familiar interface ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey (BCBSNJ) announced today that ... as “stable.” At the same time, the ratings agency cautioned that the company’s rating ... “capital adequacy” thresholds required for its strong rating. , “Horizon is committed to being ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... GlycoMark, ... the GlycoMark test throughout the Northeast U.S. , GlycoMark is the only ... The GlycoMark test provides a clinically proven one- to two-week measure of hyperglycemic ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Ushio America proudly introduces the new ... solution for F32T8 fluorescent lamps on most instant-start and programmed-start electronic ballasts so ... lamps utilize the existing electronic ballast, saving labor and maintenance costs. It’s easy ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... --  ZappRx, Inc ., a digital health company focused on ... it closed $25 million in Series B funding led by ... Seattle that is part of a ... B round included participation from SR One , who ... (formerly Google Ventures). As part of the financing, ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 Eyevensys, ... the first non-viral gene expression technology that enables the ... eye to address a wide range of ophthalmic diseases, ... and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to advance its ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the "Company"), announces that ... Conference 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel in Toronto, Ontario ... of the Company is scheduled to present on Tuesday, May 2 ... the Chairman of the Board, Tony Holler will also ... For more ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: