Navigation Links
Somatic dysfunction


In osteopathic medicine, somatic dysfunction is the impaired or altered function of the musculo-skeletal system treated by osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM).

Contents

Diagnosis

Somatic dysfunction is diagnosed by physical examination. The physician looks for symptoms commonly represented by the mnemonic device "TART" (Tissue texture change, Asymmetry, Restriction, and Tenderness). The physician uses techniques such as layer-by-layer palpation and intersegmental range of motion testing to make the diagnosis.

Significance

The physical manifestation of somatic dysfunction is frequently associated reciprocally with visceral illness. Similarly, the resolution of either can aid in the resolution of the other. For example, an infection may be associated with edema (causing a tissue texture change). Lymphatic drainage aids in clearing the infection while, conversely, resolution of the infection causes clearing of associated edema. Thus the physician attempts to aid the resolution of visceral disease by eliminating its associated manifestation in the musculo-skeletal system.

Research

Research in somatic dysfunction and the use of OMM has resulted in mixed conclusions. In a famous article published the New England Journal of Medicine in November of 1999, researchers concluded that OMM and traditional drug therapy resulted in equivalent resolution of lower back pain in a nearly identical time frame. The difference was that those receiving OMM required less pharmaceutical intervention. The advantage of OMM was diminution of adverse drug reactions while the disadvantage was the greater amount of physician time required for each patient.

Sources

Ward, Robert C. et al; Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams and Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-3497-5


'"/>


(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... May 26, 2016- In search of the K. ... theme event of “K Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at Ashbury Hotel and Suites ... is sponsored and hosted by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by KSF (Kungfu Sanda Federation), ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... Columbia, SC (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... launched a line of classic American timber frame barn kits, which can be found ... are inspired by historic American barn plans, and they highlight the craftsmanship of ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... With over 60 percent of acute stroke survivors being left ... to aid in the rehabilitation process has steadily increased. Ekso Bionics had been working ... due to stroke. , Ekso Bionics has now received clearance from the U.S. Food ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... satisfying Army body fat composition regulations. This is the first time that Coolsculpting ... normally screened at least every six months to ensure they meet the prescribed body-fat ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... With a team ... and food industries. Aside from its GMP accreditation, Validation Center is also a ... certified products, services and staff. , Validation Center is ISO17025 accredited and only ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
Other medicine definition