Navigation Links
Somatic dysfunction


In osteopathic medicine, somatic dysfunction is the impaired or altered function of the musculo-skeletal system treated by osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM).

Contents

Diagnosis

Somatic dysfunction is diagnosed by physical examination. The physician looks for symptoms commonly represented by the mnemonic device "TART" (Tissue texture change, Asymmetry, Restriction, and Tenderness). The physician uses techniques such as layer-by-layer palpation and intersegmental range of motion testing to make the diagnosis.

Significance

The physical manifestation of somatic dysfunction is frequently associated reciprocally with visceral illness. Similarly, the resolution of either can aid in the resolution of the other. For example, an infection may be associated with edema (causing a tissue texture change). Lymphatic drainage aids in clearing the infection while, conversely, resolution of the infection causes clearing of associated edema. Thus the physician attempts to aid the resolution of visceral disease by eliminating its associated manifestation in the musculo-skeletal system.

Research

Research in somatic dysfunction and the use of OMM has resulted in mixed conclusions. In a famous article published the New England Journal of Medicine in November of 1999, researchers concluded that OMM and traditional drug therapy resulted in equivalent resolution of lower back pain in a nearly identical time frame. The difference was that those receiving OMM required less pharmaceutical intervention. The advantage of OMM was diminution of adverse drug reactions while the disadvantage was the greater amount of physician time required for each patient.

Sources

Ward, Robert C. et al; Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams and Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-3497-5


'"/>


(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... According to the ... now claim the lives of 62 Americans each day.(1) Yet since 2011, the ... distributors, pharmacies and prescribers by more than half.(2) Novus Medical Detox Center ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... ... individuals with HIV because it is not known to have significant interactions with ... effects to both lower cholesterol levels and dampen inflammation in the bloodstream. , ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Donna Parker, L. Ac. reads all ... found any of them to be very practical. She wanted to write a guide/workbook ... changes in their health. It prompted her in writing “ A Clear Path to ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... , ... “The Saint with Trin, and Omega Station”: a triple feature offering ... of published author, Chris Jackson. Chris Jackson grew up in Abilene, Texas. ... School District teaching English. He is heavily involved in the youth group of his ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Anaconda BioMed, ... neuro-thrombectomy systems for the treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS), today announced it ... as the product advances towards regulatory and clinical phases. , "This is another ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
Other medicine definition