Navigation Links
Somatic dysfunction


In osteopathic medicine, somatic dysfunction is the impaired or altered function of the musculo-skeletal system treated by osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM).

Contents

Diagnosis

Somatic dysfunction is diagnosed by physical examination. The physician looks for symptoms commonly represented by the mnemonic device "TART" (Tissue texture change, Asymmetry, Restriction, and Tenderness). The physician uses techniques such as layer-by-layer palpation and intersegmental range of motion testing to make the diagnosis.

Significance

The physical manifestation of somatic dysfunction is frequently associated reciprocally with visceral illness. Similarly, the resolution of either can aid in the resolution of the other. For example, an infection may be associated with edema (causing a tissue texture change). Lymphatic drainage aids in clearing the infection while, conversely, resolution of the infection causes clearing of associated edema. Thus the physician attempts to aid the resolution of visceral disease by eliminating its associated manifestation in the musculo-skeletal system.

Research

Research in somatic dysfunction and the use of OMM has resulted in mixed conclusions. In a famous article published the New England Journal of Medicine in November of 1999, researchers concluded that OMM and traditional drug therapy resulted in equivalent resolution of lower back pain in a nearly identical time frame. The difference was that those receiving OMM required less pharmaceutical intervention. The advantage of OMM was diminution of adverse drug reactions while the disadvantage was the greater amount of physician time required for each patient.

Sources

Ward, Robert C. et al; Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams and Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-3497-5


'"/>


(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Michael and Betsy Brauser ... Cancer Institute. For Betsy, the clinical trial has been life-saving as she has ... worsened. , Betsy Brauser was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2009. She underwent ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Mary Magdalene: Grace is ... life of the woman who witnessed Jesus Christ firsthand. “Mary Magdalene: Grace is Greater ... spent her career as an educator interacting with countless women who had little knowledge ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... a fine examination of how God handles sin, including how to let go of ... who, for over ten long years has been waiting to release this powerful insight about ... has been serving the Lord for over twenty years, and he has been preaching and ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... and enchanting tale that teaches children the true meaning of Christmas. “Journey to Christmas” is ... a devoted woman of faith. , “Becoming a parent changes you. In my case, ... for years, but actually doing it might have been a while in coming if it ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... , ... “God's Miracle Man: Against All Odds”: an inspiring affirmation of ... Keith C. A. Tucker, son of Minister Delores Pinnock and a Jamaican native who ... Hardy , “While sitting up in bed, I felt a pounding headache. It was ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
Other medicine definition