Navigation Links
Orvietan


Orvietan or orviétan was a medical concoction popular during the 17th and 18th century. It was used as a panacea against poisonings with criminal intent, as well as against mushroom poisonings, snakebite, scorpion stings, bites by rabid animals and against the plague.

Orvietan was probably named after a certain Lupi da Orvieto, native from the city of Orvieto, though there is no certain information on this.

Contents

Origins

Gerolamo Ferranti started producing and selling orviétan in early 17th century Paris. He was a fairground attraction, asking onlookers to give him unknown poisons to swallow and watch him cure himself with the remedy. Other charlatans in the business were Jean Vitrario, Desiderio Descombes, and Cristoforo Contugi. Though most physicians and pharmacists were skeptical, the reputed medical doctor Johann Schröder published his own recipe in Pharmacopeia Medico-Chymica in 1655. The first pharmacist to include orviétan in his compendium was Moyse Charas in Pharmacopée Royale Galénique et Chymique, 1676.

Ingredients

Orvietan was a concoction of partially toxic herbs, wine and dissolved honey, but existed in powdered form too (sold in lead boxes). Patrizia Catellani and Renzo Console from the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan analyzed 35 different recipes for mixing orvietan, published between 1655 and 1857. The number of ingredients varies from 9 to 57. The most frequent 26 ingredients are: Garden Angelica, Healing Wolfsbane, Birthwort, Bistort, Sweet Flag, Carline Thistle, Dittany, Gentian, Masterwort, Black Salsify, Tormentil, Valerian, Blessed Thistle, Dittany of Crete, Rue, Germander, Laurel berries, Juniper berries, cinnamon, cloves, viper meat, the two concoctions mithridate and theriac, as well as white wine, and honey.

Literary references

Literary works mentioning orvietan include Tabarin's Inventaire Universel des Œuvres de Tabarin (1622), Molière's L'Amour médecin (1665), Voltaire's Pot-pourri (1765), Mme de Sevigne's correspondence, and Walter Scott's Kenilworth (1821), though Scott translates it as Venice treacle.

External links


'"/>


(Date:12/26/2014)... 2014 Parker & Sons, Inc. ... in heating, cooling and plumbing contractor services throughout ... services in 2014 with regard to air-conditioning systems. ... is known for its incredibly hot summers. Working ... intricacies and details of a wide variety of ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... 2014 The click strand ... strength and durability. Today, the business announces a ... valid until Jan. 30, 2015. , Click strand ... hardwood. BambooFlooringChina.com is a well-known brand in the ... to find a reliable bamboo flooring supplier. , ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... 2014 Product liability lawsuits filed in ... ( http://www.consumerinjurylawyers.com/DePuy/ ) continue to move forward in federal ... issued in the U.S. District Court, Northern District of ... open conference on January 7, 2015, at the Paul ... West Palm Beach, Florida. The Conference is scheduled to ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... Recently, Dylan Queen, a famous online company supplying ... of discounted prom dresses, most of which are priced ... the company, the promotion is valid until Jan. 22, ... the UK market. , The prom dresses in this ... styles: A-line strapless, empire strapless chiffon, one shoulder, floor-length, ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... sells many bamboo products and the business is famous ... announces big discounts on its bamboo mats , which ... the world’s leader in bamboo flooring. According to the ... 2015. , The bamboo mats are made from well-treated ... the bamboo strips for the mats are boiled and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Parker & Sons Announces Record Demand For 24 Hour Emergency Services In 2014 With Regard To Air-Conditioning Systems 2Health News:Parker & Sons Announces Record Demand For 24 Hour Emergency Services In 2014 With Regard To Air-Conditioning Systems 3Health News:BambooFlooringChina.com: click strand woven bamboo flooring promotion valid until Jan. 30, 2015. 2Health News:Federal Court Overseeing DePuy ASR Hip Lawsuit Set to Convene Conference in January, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:Federal Court Overseeing DePuy ASR Hip Lawsuit Set to Convene Conference in January, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3Health News:Dylan Queen: Cheap Prom Dresses for the UK Market 2Health News:Various Styles of Bamboo Mats in Many Colors from BambooFlooringChina.com 2
... A few nonjudgmental counseling sessions can prompt women to ... contraception, according to a new study//. ,Prenatal alcohol ... and developmental disabilities in the United States. This CDC ... risk of an alcohol-exposed pregnancy. ,“A lot ...
... are trying to investigate the reason why the common ... but could make many others seriously ill. , ... carried by cats, but can also be passed on ... the disease called toxoplasmosis, which in normal circumstances is ...
... Transplant Congress, held in Boston earlier this year,// a ... transplantation were awarded the world transplant community's highest honor: ... to mark outstanding new research that will lead to ... Society, is a special issue dedicated to the World ...
... key to keeping new year’s resolutions to achieve improved health ... ,“The new year is a great time to make ... fitness,” Dr Yong said. ,“Aim to keep your ... plan to quit smoking, have a support network of friends ...
... in the U.S. over the past 50 years has declined, ... study.// ,Stroke continues to be a major public health ... in the United States. It is the third leading cause ... neurologic cause of long-term disability, according to background information in ...
... in the long run and increase the risk of hip ... the risk when// prescribing such drugs. ,Researchers ... the general practice research database of Britain. All the people ... proton pump inhibitors (PPI). ,PPI's are a ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Counseling Helps Young Women Cut Drinking, Improve Contraception Use 2Health News:Counseling Helps Young Women Cut Drinking, Improve Contraception Use 3Health News:Highlights from World Transplant Congress 2Health News:Highlights from World Transplant Congress 3Health News:Planning for Good Health Resolutions 2Health News:Incidence of Stroke on Decline Over Last 50 Years 2
Other medicine definitionOther Tags