Navigation Links
Family history (medicine)


In medicine, a family history consists of information about disorders that a patient's direct blood relatives have suffered from. Genealogy typically includes very little of the medical history of the family, but the medical history could be considered a specific subset of the total history of a family.

Uses

Although often neglected,[1] many doctors glean information on family morbidity of particular diseases (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune disorders, mental disorders, diabetes, cancer) to appreciate whether a person is at risk for developing similar problems. Use of a genogram can be helpful in a family history, which is in the format of a family tree.

Family histories may be imprecise because of various possible reasons:

  • Adoption or illegitimacy
  • Lack of contact between close relatives
  • Uncertainty about the relative's exact diagnosis

In complex situations, a family tree may be necessary to cover the necessary aspects.

Consequences

Not all positive family histories imply a genetic cause. If various members of the same family have been exposed to the same toxin, then they may develop similar symptoms without a genetic cause.

If a patient has a strong family history of a particular disorder (or group of disorders), this will generally lead to a lower threshold for investigating symptoms.

In diseases with a known hereditary component, many healthy people are now tested early to prevent the symptoms from developing. This has become accepted in cystic fibrosis, hemochromatosis and various other disorders.

References

  1. ^ Rich EC, Burke W, Heaton CJ, Haga S, Pinsky L, Short MP, Acheson L. Reconsidering the family history in primary care. J Gen Intern Med 2004;19:273-80. PMID 15009784.

'"/>


(Date:8/14/2018)... ... August 14, 2018 , ... Health & hygiene ranked eighth out ... the largest study of brands based on emotions. In the U.S., Olay again topped ... for the health & hygiene industry were: Listerine, Nivea, Gillette, Colgate, Head & Shoulders, ...
(Date:8/14/2018)... ... August 14, 2018 , ... ... the Recreational Group, a leading provider of residential and commercial recreational surfacing products ... sports surfacing industry, with products used across a wide range of markets and ...
(Date:8/11/2018)... ... 10, 2018 , ... Dr. Siavash Eftekhari, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon at ... international outpost trip to deliver dental care in impoverished communities. Along with a team ... volunteered his time to help deliver care to over 550 individuals in need. , ...
(Date:8/11/2018)... ... August 10, 2018 , ... Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital ... the region by utilizing a population health perspective on care. At its core, this ... are being treated at the right facility or setting at the right cost. Mark ...
(Date:8/11/2018)... ... August 11, 2018 , ... Financial ... Award in the Executive of the Year-Business category in The 15th Annual International ... program. All individuals and organizations worldwide – public and private, for-profit and non-profit, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
Other medicine definition