The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study is a Europe-wide prospective cohort study of the relationships between diet and cancer, as well as other chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease. With over half a million participants, it is the largest study of diet and disease to be undertaken.
EPIC is coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), part of the World Health Organization, and funded by the 'Europe Against Cancer' programme of the European Commission as well as multiple nation-specific grants and charities.
521,457 healthy adults, mostly aged 35-70 years, were enrolled in 23 centres in ten European countries: Denmark (11%), France (14%), Germany (10%), Greece (5%), Italy (9%), The Netherlands (8%), Norway (7%), Spain (8%), Sweden (10%) and the United Kingdom (17%). One UK centre (Oxford) recruited 27,000 vegetarians and vegans; this subgroup forms the largest study of this dietary group. Recruitment to the study took place between 1993 and 1999, and follow up is planned for at least ten years, with repeat interview/questionnaires every three to five years. The main prospective data collected are standardised dietary questionnaires (self administered or interview based), seven-day food diaries, blood samples and anthropometric measurements, such as body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Additionally, the GenAir case-control study is studying the relationship of passive smoking and air pollution with cancers and respiratory diseases.
Up to 2004, there were over 26,000 new cases of cancer recorded among participants, with the most common being cancers of the breast, colorectum, prostate and lung. Current analyses are focusing particularly on stomach, colorectal, breast, prostate and lung cancers. The different dietary patterns in the different countries should enable reliable associations to be made between particular diets and cancers. The analysis of stored blood samples should also allow dissection of genetic factors involved in cancers, as well as the effects of hormones and hormone-like factors.
- Consumption of fibre, fish, milk and cheese reduce risk of colorectal cancer, while red and processed meat increase risk
- Consumption of fruit and vegetables does not affect risk of breast or prostate cancer
- Bingham SA, Day NE, Luben R, et al. Dietary fibre in food and protection against colorectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): an observational study. Lancet (2003) 361: 1496-1501 PubMed
- Gonzalez CA, Jakszyn P, Pera G, et al. Meat intake and risk of stomach and esophageal adenocarcinoma within the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). J. Natl Cancer Inst. (2006) 98: 345-354
- Khaw KT, Bingham S, Welch A, et al. Relation between plasma ascorbic acid and mortality in men and women in EPIC-Norfolk prospective study: a prospective population study. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Lancet (2001) 357: 657-663 PubMed
- Miller AB, Altenburg HP, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, et al. Fruits and vegetables and lung cancer: Findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Int. J. Cancer (2004) 108: 269-276 PubMed
- Norat T, Bingham S, Ferrari P, et al. Meat, fish, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition. J. Natl Cancer Inst. (2005) 97: 906-916
(Date:5/26/2015)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) May 27, 2015 ... and beautiful technology for women, today announces the ... that monitors women’s stress, sleep, activity and ovulation. ... jewelry with innovative health tracking technolo- gy, particularly ... stress levels, to provide women with lifestyle data ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... BROOK, Ill. (PRWEB) May 26, 2015 ... be an early marker of specific types of Alzheimer’s ... a new study published in the journal Radiology. ... Agosta, M.D., Ph.D., co-author of the study conducted at ... Milan, Italy. “However, white matter damage has a central ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... May 27, 2015 Visiting Nurse Association of ... at the American Cancer Society’s annual Relay for Life fundraiser. ... 12:00AM at Mennen Sports Arena, 161 East Hanover Ave, Morristown, ... the track to raise money and awareness to help the ... , According to the ACS, it is estimated that more ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... 2015 Securityhunter has been ... the United States Department of Health and Human Services ... The MATOC was awarded through the General Services Administration ... the PSC, which is a fee-for-service agency. The award ... options, and is an enterprise–wide physical security and security ...
(Date:5/26/2015)... ANGELES (PRWEB) May 27, 2015 Readers ... processes may find help in author Chester Litvin ... Psychoconduction : Litvin’s Code” (published by Trafford Publishing). , ... new approach for stimulating the brain. This book will ... to reeducate their sensory brain cells . He ... Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Bellabeat debuts the LEAF - smart jewelry that monitors women’s health. 2Health News:Bellabeat debuts the LEAF - smart jewelry that monitors women’s health. 3Health News:RSNA: Imaging Test May Identify Biomarker of Alzheimer’s Disease 2Health News:RSNA: Imaging Test May Identify Biomarker of Alzheimer’s Disease 3Health News:North Jersey Home Care Agency Supports Relay for Life Fundraiser 2Health News:Securityhunter Has Been Awarded a Multiple Award Task Order Contract (MATOC) by the Department of Health and Human Services 2Health News:Chester Litvin’s New Book Offers ‘Tune-Up’ for Brain Cells 2Health News:Chester Litvin’s New Book Offers ‘Tune-Up’ for Brain Cells 3
Other medicine definitionOther Tags
... , FRIDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- If you,re ready to ... potty training may be between the second and third birthdays. , ... window for moving your child out of diapers. Children who were ... incontinence -- daytime wetting and bed-wetting -- between ages 4 and ...
... physical and mental benefits as people grow old , FRIDAY, ... and gunning down bad guys might not sound like things ... , But they might want to start, some experts on ... have the potential to help seniors age more gracefully, keeping ...
... Drug Administration has approved the drug fampridine-SR for the treatment ... Medical Center (URMC) have been evaluating the effects of the ... the first medication shown to enhance some neurological functions in ... the way for today,s action by the FDA. ...
... Society report outlines 21 challenges and needs for global tobacco ... and expertise needed to reduce the rising tide of tobacco ... are the target of the multinational tobacco industry. The report ... issue of CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians . ...
... most women, having a baby is a joyful experience. But ... by grief, anxiety and depression. Global figures suggest that between ... first time are struck by depression. For the second birth, ... Kristin Akerjordet at the University of Stavanger in Norway, surveyed ...
... 2010) -- Weill Cornell Medical College has established a ... diverse and medically underserved communities in New York City. ... and Community Engagement (CEDREC) was created through an $8 ... and Health Disparities (NCMHD), a division of the National ...Cached Medicine News:Health News: Potty Training Best Between Ages 2 and 3 2Health News: Potty Training Best Between Ages 2 and 3 3Health News: Potty Training Best Between Ages 2 and 3 4Health News:Video Gaming Just Might Fight Aging 2Health News:Video Gaming Just Might Fight Aging 3Health News:Researchers welcome new multiple sclerosis drug 2Health News:Researchers welcome new multiple sclerosis drug 3Health News:Global tobacco report outlines 21 challenges for 21st century 2Health News:Global tobacco report outlines 21 challenges for 21st century 3Health News:Emotions should be taken seriously 2Health News:Emotions should be taken seriously 3Health News:National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities awards $8 million to Weill Cornell 2