Navigation Links
Babies switched at birth


Babies switched at birth are babies who, because of either error or malfeasance, are interchanged with each other at birth or very soon therafter, leading them being unknowingly raised by parents who are not their biological parents. In real life, the occurrence of such a thing is highly improbable, with it having occurred, or having been asserted to have occurred, in a few cases. However, it is an idea that is a common staple in fiction.

Contents

As a literary plot device

The plot device of babies who are switched at birth, or in their cradles, has been a common one in American fiction since the 18th century. It is one of the several identifiable characteristics of melodrama that are plot devices dealing with situations that are highly improbable in real life.[1]

The use of this common theme has continued ever since. The device was used a number of times by W. S. Gilbert, including in the Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas H.M.S. Pinafore and The Gondoliers. In both cases, well-born babies were switched with commoners. Mark Twain, later used this plot device in The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson (1893), where two babies, one white and one black, are switched at birth, resulting in both passing for races that they are not.[2] It is one of the themes that made for TV movies regularly exploited in the 1970s and 1980s.[3] It continues to be a popular theme in the 1990s and 21st century with (for examples) it being employed as a plot device in Veronica Mars (the characters Cindy "Mac" Mackenzie and Madison Sinclair), in Neighbours (the characters Bree Timmins and Anne Baxter), and in The Young and the Restless (several times, including the characters Cane Ashby and Phillip Chancellor III, and the children of Lauren Fenmore Baldwin and Sheila Carter).

Although a common plot device in soap operas, it is not nearly as common as the theme of questionable paternity. Mumford states that the reason for this is that the potential causes for questionable paternity are far more wide ranging and richer in scope than those for questionable maternity, and thus provide a greater vein for soap opera scriptwriters to mine. Whereas questionable maternity can only be caused by error or malfeasance that causes babies to be switched at or after birth, questionable paternity can involve many aspects, ranging from a woman deliberately wishing to pin paternity on the wrong man, through unreported rape, to a clandestine love affair. It is relatively simple, moreover, for writers to retrofit questions of paternity to characters years on, whereas it is difficult to introduce questions of maternity after the fact.[4]

The device also occurs outside of American fiction, in stories such as The Little Michus.

In real life

In real life, such a switch is highly improbable.[1] Cases that have occurred and made the newspaper headlines include:

  • the case of Kimberly Mays, switched at birth as a result of a medical error in a hospital in Wauchula, Florida[5], the events surrounding whom were subsequently dramatized as the made-for-TV movie Switched at Birth
  • the cases of the children of two South African women, Margaret Clinton-Parker and Sandra Dawkins, whose sons were accidentally switched at birth in 1989, and who sued in the High Court of South Africa in Johannesburg in 1995, demanding damages of ZAR120,000 each from the government of the province of Gauteng for the error1, and who were later that year awarded damages to cover medical expenses and the future projected costs of visiting their biological children[6][7]

Hospitals take fingerprints, foot prints, or palm prints of newborns in order to prevent babies being mixed up. Nurses also double check with the mother, checking the identity of that person as well, in order to prevent errors.[8][9]

Footnotes

  • Note 1: Clinton-Parker v Administrator, Transvaal; Dawkins v Administrator, Transvaal 1996 (2) SA 37 (W)

References

  1. ^ a b Lori Merish (2004). "Melodrama and American Fiction", in Shirley Samuels: A Companion To American Fiction 1780-1865. Blackwell Publishing, 192. ISBN 0631234225.
  2. ^ Gregg Crane (2002). "The positivist alternative", in Ross Posnock: Race, Citizenship, and Law in American Literature. Cambridge University Press, 174–182. ISBN 0521010934.
  3. ^ Kerry Segrave (1999). Movies at Home: How Hollywood Came to Television. McFarland & Company, 139. ISBN 0786406542.
  4. ^ Laura Stempel Mumford (1995). "Plotting paternity: Looking for dad on the daytime soaps", in Robert C. Allen: To Be Continued. . .: Soap Operas Around the World. Routledge, 138–169. ISBN 0415110068.
  5. ^ Martin Guggenheim (2005). What's Wrong With Children's Rights?. Harvard University Press, 56. ISBN 0674017218.
  6. ^ "2 MOMS SUING OVER SONS SWITCHED AT BIRTH", The Deseret News, 1995-08-22.
  7. ^ Associated Press. "Damages awarded after babies switched", The Kansas City Star, 1995-10-22.
  8. ^ Joseph Bolivar De Lee (1966). Obstetrics for Nurses. London and Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 433.
  9. ^ Lawrence Joseph Stone and Joseph Church (1973). Childhood and Adolescence: A Psychology of the Growing Person. Random House UK Ltd, 46. ISBN 0394317238.

See also


'"/>


(Date:9/23/2014)... By Karen Pallarito ... -- Imagine if doctors and hospitals got paid for providing ... consumers had better data for making informed health choices. ... health system is headed. The report, from the IMS ... of change" -- recent events expected to alter the delivery ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... 23, 2014 What information do ... National Quality Forum (NQF) released a report ( ... and an infographic ( http://bit.ly/1tX3lzA ) resulting from ... healthcare, how patients define affordability, and what information ... the best possible healthcare at the lowest possible ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... recent Oregon survey about an exercise DVD that adds ... of elementary school students found it had a high ... offered clear advantages for overly sedentary educational programs. , ... by the Healthy Youth Program of the Linus Pauling ... , Brain Breaks leads children in 5-7 minute segments ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... California (PRWEB) September 23, 2014 ... Oracle services market. Included are Oracle Managed ... Augmentation. Trevera supports all versions of Oracle E-Business ... point releases. , Trevera has announced a ... organizations that need help with their software technology ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... September 23, 2014 Risperdal lawsuits ( ... the country, Bernstein Liebhard LLP reports. According to an ... Florida on September 19th, the Court has dismissed fraud ... in that jurisdiction on behalf of a man who ... due to his use of Risperdal. In dismissing the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Report Identifies Game Changers for U.S. Health Care 2Health News:Report Identifies Game Changers for U.S. Health Care 3Health News:Finding Affordable Care: Asking the Right Question is Key 2Health News:'Brain Breaks' increase activity, educational performance in elementary schools 2Health News:'Brain Breaks' increase activity, educational performance in elementary schools 3Health News:Trevera, Inc adds Management Support to Services 2Health News:Trevera, Inc adds Management Support to Services 3Health News:Risperdal Lawsuit News: Fraud, Negligence Per Se Claims Dismissed from Florida Complaint, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:Risperdal Lawsuit News: Fraud, Negligence Per Se Claims Dismissed from Florida Complaint, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3
... be the greatest advance in waking up since coffee, ... wake up,in the morning feeling refreshed and ready to go, ... performance to spousal,relations and even driving ability. Fortunately, a unique ... a pill you take before,bedtime that will help you to ...
... specialty bio-therapeutics company developing high-value human,therapeutic proteins for commercialization, will hold its Annual ... Wednesday, April 9, 2008, Time: ... The National Club ... Toronto, Ontario Mr. ...
... look in your,medicine cabinet -- do you spot ... the nation,s dramatic increase in irresponsible,prescription drug use? ... 71 percent of prescription pain medication abusers,obtained the ... 13-year-olds,prescription drug abuse actually exceeds marijuana use., ...
... Awareness ... Month, PRINCETON, N.J., April 8, ... U.S. raising,awareness regarding the poor state of sexual health in America and urging,Americans ... and the Evolve tour is designed to address this head on by,inspiring a ...
... The appearance of a cold sore is,a sign that ... serious,illnesses emerge, according to John Sherman, ND, noted naturopathic,physician ... between 80% and 90% of the adult population have ... to Dr. Sherman, who,is the author of The Complete ...
... Moses and his,wife Ida thought they were doing everything ... multiple medical problems, Moses had an ugly,uncomfortable sore on ... go,away., Dr. Harris Greenberger, Director of Sound Foot ... and Stamford Hospitals in,Connecticut, diagnosed it as a diabetic ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Tired Mother Invents Pill to Wake You Up On Time 2Health News:Media Invitation - Annual General and Special Meeting of Shareholders of Haemacure 2Health News:Prescription Drug Abuse Threatens Availability of Pain Medication 2Health News:Video: Rubber Hits the Road as Trojan(R) Campaigns for Sexual Health in America to Evolve 2Health News:Video: Rubber Hits the Road as Trojan(R) Campaigns for Sexual Health in America to Evolve 3Health News:A Cold Sore Is Often A Warning Sign of Deeper Health Issues, Expert Says 2Health News:Living Cell Treatment Heals Diabetic Foot Sores Fast 2
Other medicine definitionOther Tags