Navigation Links
Selecting siRNA Sequences to Incorporate into the pSilencer Vectors


The first step in preparing a plasmid for siRNA experiments is to identify target sequences in the gene of interest that are susceptible to siRNA-induced degradation. We have found that a little more than half of the siRNAs provide at least a 50% reduction in target mRNA levels and approximately 1 out of 4 siRNAs provide a 75-95% reduction. The general process begins with scanning the length of the target gene for potential siRNA target sites. For siRNA expression vectors, the target sites should have 5' terminal AAs because, upon folding the siRNAs hairpins will give rise to UU overhangs. These UU overhangs will therefore be complementary to the AA in the target site. The 21 nucleotide siRNA target sequences are then compared to an appropriate genome database to eliminate sequences with significant homology to other genes. For screening, we typically test four siRNAs per target. We space the siRNAs down the length of the gene sequence to reduce the chances of targeting a region of the mRNA that is either highly structured or bound by regulatory proteins.

Constructing four siRNA expression plasmids for each target can be time-consuming and expensive. In vitro transcription provides a less formidable siRNA screening method. To ensure that siRNAs expressed from plasmids are functionally equivalent to siRNAs prepared by in vitro transcription, we prepared plasmids and siRNAs targeting four different sequences in the cyclophilin and GAPDH genes. These nucleic acids were transfected into HeLa cells. Silencing was evaluated by Northern analysis using probes specific to GAPDH, cyclophilin, and 28S rRNA. The hybridiz ation signal from the various targets was quantitated by phosphorimager. As seen in Figure 1, the susceptibility of siRNA target sites to siRNA-mediated gene silencing appears to be comparable for both in vitro prepared siRNAs and RNA Pol III-expressed siRNAs. This is also true for chemically synthesized siRNAs versus RNA Pol III-expressed siRNAs. Therefore, it is not necessary to re-screen genes for which functional siRNAs have already been identified.

Transcribed siRNA siRNAVector GAPDH None 100% 100% 5' 25% 17% 5' Medial 7% 13% 3' Medial 36% 20% 3' 45% 63% Cyclophilin None 100% 100% 5' 5% 23% 5' Medial 15% 19% 3' Medial 45% 29% 3' 70% 54%

Figure 1. Correlation of Target Site Selection Between siRNA Generated In Vitro and In Vivo. siRNAs to four target sites in each of two genes (GAPDH and cyclophilin) were selected and prepared using the Silencer siRNA Construction Kit. Sequences encoding hairpin siRNAs to the same target sequences were sub-cloned into pSilencer 2.0-U6 and 3.0-H1. The siRNAs and siRNA expression vectors were transfected into HeLa cells using siPORT-Lipid (Ambion). Target RNA levels were assessed post-transfection (48 hr) by Northern analysis using the NorthernMax procedure (Ambion). The relative levels of the target genes were measured against cells transfected with negative control siRNA or negative control siRNA expression vector.


back to top


Ordering Information
Cat# Product Name Size 1620 Silencer siRNA Construction Kit 15 siRNA synthesis rxns 7207 pSilencer 1.0-U6 (circular) 20 g 7208 pSilencer 1.0-U6 (linear) 20 rxns 7209 pSilencer 2.0-U6 20 rxns 7210 pSilencer 3.0-H1 20 rxns
'"/>

Source:


Page: All 1 2 3 4

Related biology technology :

1. Custom and library siRNA for efficient gene silencing
2. Custom and library siRNA for efficient gene silencing
3. Cancer siRNA Oligo Set Version 1.0
4. Library siRNA
5. Custom siRNA Oligo Synthesis Service
6. Efficient RNAi-mediated gene silencing in neuronal cells using QIAGEN siRNA and TransMessenger Transfection Reagent*
7. Quantification of siRNA Silencing Efficiency Using the LightCycler System
8. Housekeeping Genes: Universal Positive Controls in siRNA Knockdown Experiments
9. Confirming gene silencing mechanism by pGFP/GFP22 siRNA co-transfection
10. siRNA transfection optimization with the Agilent 2100 bioanalyzer
11. siRNA Design Guidelines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/11/2017)... BALTIMORE, Md. (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 ... ... for digital pathology, announced today it will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology ... of  Advanced Pathology Associates , on digital pathology adoption best practices and how ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ROTTERDAM, the Netherlands and LAGUNA HILLS, ... that The Institute of Cancer Research, London ... will use MMprofilerâ„¢ with SKY92, SkylineDx,s prognostic tool to risk-stratify ... high-risk trial known as MUK nine . The University ... this trial, which is partly funded by Myeloma UK, and ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A new study published in Fertility and ... in vitro fertilization (IVF) transfer cycles. The multi-center matched cohort study ... comparing the results from the fresh and frozen transfer cohorts, the authors of ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... CALIF. (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 , ... San ... part of its corporate rebranding initiative announced today. The bold new look is ... reach, as the company moves into a significant growth period. , It will also ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/11/2017)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards and Mr. ... the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief Executive Officer said," ... and benefiting from their considerable expertise as we move forward ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , a leader ... United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued ... linking of an iris image with a face image ... the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have recently ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... -- higi, the health IT company that operates the largest ... , today announced a Series B investment from BlueCross ... new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s strategy to create ... health activities through the collection and workflow integration of ... and secures data today on behalf of over 36 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):