Navigation Links
Increased Analyte Sensitivity through the Utility of Enhanced Mass-Resolution on the FinniganTSQ Quantum Discovery

Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry Application Note

Key Words Sensitivity Quantitation Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery Enhanced Mass- Resolution

Xiaoying Xu1, Gary Paul2, Qiao Zhou1, Gregory Tucker1, and Walter Korfmacher1
1 Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, NJ, USA; 2 Thermo Electron Corporation, Somerset, NJ, USA

Comparison of the limit of quantitation (LOQ) of a drug discovery compound in plasma at unit mass-resolution and enhanced mass-resolution on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery triple quadrupole mass spectrometer.

Recent technological advances in atmospheric pressure ionization (API) techniques and instrumentation are revolutionizing the quantitation of pharmaceutical products.[1] The benchtop Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery provides a unique enhanced mass-resolution capability for a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer.[1-6] The utility of enhanced mass-resolution on the Q1 mass analyzer for parent ion selection in the selected reaction monitoring (SRM) experiment has been investigated in previous quantitation studies on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery. Improved analyte sensitivities were achieved at enhanced mass-resolution, relative to the typical unit mass-resolution mode of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer.[2-6] These improvements were simply accomplished through the mass separation of the analyte of interest from isobaric matrix/chemical interferences, using the additional resolving power of the quadrupole mass analyzer.

In order to further investigate the benefits of enhanced mass-resolution on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery, the sensitivity of a drug discovery compound, present in a minimally-treated complex biological matrix, was compared at unit and enhanced mass-resolution. In this manner, an assessment of the improvement in LOQ for this compound at enhanced mass-resolution can be made.


Chemicals and Reagents
Rat plasma was purchased from Bioreclamation Inc. (Hicksville,NY, USA). Optima-grade (99.9%) acetonitrile and methanol were obtained from Fisher Scientific Co. (Pittsburgh, PA,USA), ammonium acetate from Sigma Chemical Co.(St.Louis, MO,USA), and glacial acidic acid (99.99+%) from Aldrich Chemical Company (Milwaukee, WI,USA). Water was purified using a compact ultra-pure water system (EASYpure UV, Dubuque, IA,USA).

Sample Preparation
150 μL of internal standard (IS) in acetonitrile solution (conc. 10 ng/mL) was added to 50 μL of drug discovery compound A in rat plasma (concs. 250 ng/mL). After plasma precipitation, the mixture was vortexed for 30 s, and then centrifuged for 10 min. The supernatant was transferred to a clean 96-well plate for LC/MS/MS analysis.

HPLC Column: Symmetry C18, 50 4.6 mm, 5 μm (Waters Corporation, Milford, MA,USA)
Mobile Phase A: 0.01 M ammonium acetate in MeOH/H2O (20:80, v/v)
Mobile Phase B: 0.01 M ammonium acetate in MeOH + 0.6 mL/L 10% acetic acid
Flow Rate: 0.8 mL/min Gradient: 5% B for 0.5 min, 5% B to 95%B for 0.5 min, 2.0 min hold at 95% B, return to 5% B at 3.0 min, 3.0 min run time
Divert to MS at 0.8 min Divert to waste at 2.0 min Injection Vol.: 8 μL
Column Temp.: Ambient Temperature
Autosampler Temp: 5C
Retention Time: Compound A - 1.2 min
Internal Standard - 1.5 min

Mass Spectrometer
Mass Spectrometer: Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery (ThermoElectron,San Jose,CA,USA)
Source: ESI Mode
Ion Polarity: Positive
Ion Transfer Tube Temperature: 350C
Spray Voltage: 3500 V
Sheath/Auxiliary Gas: Nitrogen
Sheath Gas: 80 arbitrary units
Auxiliary Gas: 20 arbitrary units
Collision Gas Pressure: 1.3 mTorr

The SRM conditions for compound A were as follows:
Parent m/z: 473.28
Product m/z: 456
Scan Width: 1 u
Scan Time: 0.2 s
Collision Energy: 20 eV
Q1 Peak Width (unit mass-resolution): 0.7 u FWHM
Q1 Peak Width (enhanced mass-resolution): 0.2 u FWHM
Q3 Peak Width: 0.7 u FWHM

The internal standard SRM conditions were as follows:
Parent m/z: 544.40
Product m/z: 306
Scan Width: 1 u
Scan Time: 0.2 s
Collision Energy: 28 eV
Q1 Peak Width (unit mass-resolution): 0.7 u FWHM
Q1 Peak Width (enhanced mass-resolution): 0.2 u FWHM
Q3 Peak Width: 0.7 u FWHM

Results and Discussion
The LC/ESI-SRM chromatograms for blank plasma spiked with the internal standard, collected on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery operating in unit mass-resolution mode (Q1, 0.7 u FWHM), are shown in Figure 1. The arrow shown in Figure 1 indicates the expected retention time of compound A (t = 1.2 min). It can be seen that significant background interference elutes at the same retention time as compound A in the blank plasma (Figure 1). However, when the same blank plasma sample was analyzed by the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery operating at enhanced mass-resolution (Q1, 0.2 u FWHM), the background interference at t =1.2 min was greatly reduced, as shown in Figure 2. The reduction in background noise is a consequence of the added specificity afforded to the SRM experiment by the enhanced mass-resolution feature.

The LC/ESI-SRM chromatograms obtained at unit mass-resolution for compound A in plasma at a concentration of 250 ng/mL, are shown in Figure 3. Background interference to the signal of compound A at this concentration is clearly evident in the chromatographic trace. A calculated signal to noise (S/N) ratio of 8 is determined for this peak (Figure 3). Hence, the LOQ for compound A at unit mass-resolution can be assumed to be of the order of 250 ng/mL.

When the same sample of compound A (conc. 250 ng/mL) was analyzed at enhanced mass-resolution, a much cleaner SRM peak was observed, as shown in Figure 4. This is a consequence of the removal of a considerable amount of isobaric chemical interference from the analyte through the improved mass selectivity at enhanced mass-resolution. In addition to a more uniform SRM peak, an improved S/N ratio of 31 was obtained for compound A at enhanced mass-resolution, relative to unit mass-resolution (Figures 3,4). The dramatic decrease in background noise at the higher mass-resolution setting is responsible for the significant improvement in S/N ratio, despite the loss of a factor of 3-4 in peak height/area for compound A (Figures 3,4). An increase in analyte sensitivity at enhanced mass-resolution, relative to unit, has been reported in previous LC/ESI-SRM and LC/APCI-SRM quantitative studies on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery.[2-6] Indeed, one of the prior quantitative studies was based on the monitoring of SRM transitions involving small molecule losses,[6] analogous to the transition used in this work (m/z 473456, loss of 17 u). Since small molecule losses through collisionally-induced dissociation processes are common-place and the potential for matrix interference to the analyte SRM is much greater, analysis at enhanced mass-resolution should be an extremely viable method for improved quantitative performance in this situation.

Since the S/N ratio for compound A (conc. 250 ng/mL) at enhanced mass-resolution was above that required for the limit of quantitation (Figure 4), compound A was diluted by a factor of 10 (conc. 25 ng/mL) and reanalyzed. The LC/ESI-SRM chromatograms obtained using enhanced mass-resolution at the lower concentration of compound A are shown in Figure 5. A clearly-defined peak for compound A is observed which is easily quantifiable. Hence, using enhanced mass-resolution on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery, at least an order of magnitude decrease in LOQ for compound A is achieved, relative to unit mass-resolution operation, without the need for time-consuming chromatographic manipulations. Satisfactory precision and accuracy values for analytes present in plasma have been previously reported for quantitative studies on the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery in enhanced mass-resolution mode.[3,4].

Previous quantitative studies using the Finnigan TSQ Quantum Discovery also found that improvement in analyte sensitivity obtained at enhanced mass-resolution, as shown here, is proportional to an increase in the linear dynamic range for the assay.[3,4,6] An extended linear dynamic range is advantageous in applications such as discovery pharmacokinetic (PK) studies to accommodate the variable concentrations of analytes in the study samples.[3]

1. Yang L, Amad M, Winnik WM, Schoen AE, Schweingruber H, Mylechreest I, Rudewiz PJ. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2002; 16: 2060.
2. Jemal M, Ouyang, Z. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2003; 17: 24.
3. Xu X, Veals J, Korfmacher W. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2003; 17: 832.
4. Hughes N, Winnik W, Dunyach JJ, Amad M, Splendore M, Paul G. J. Mass Spectrom, in press.
5. Xu X, Tucker G, Zhou Q, Veals J, Korfmacher, W. 50th ASMS Conf Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Orlando, FL, 2002.
6. Paul G, Winnik W, Schmidt C, Amad M, Splendore M, Lytle C, Hughes JE, Desai B, MacKenzie, KI. 50th ASMS Conf Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Orlando, FL, 2002.



Page: All 1 2 3 4 5 6

Related biology technology :

1. Increased Sensitivity in Microarray Analysis
2. Increased Transfer Efficiency Using a Discontinuous Buffer System With the Trans-Blot SD Cell
3. Improved Sensitivity for Staining RNA with SYBR Gold Stain
4. Enhancing Ruggedness and Full-Scan MS Sensitivity Using Ion Sweep Technology
5. Increase the Power and Sensitivity for Your cDNA Synthesis with the New Transcriptor Reverse Transcriptase
6. Femtogram Sensitivity of the Antipsychotic Drugs Raclopride and Ritanserin Using a Varian 1200L LC/MS/MS
7. Maintaining High Sensitivity when Working with Small-Volume Samples
8. High Sensitivity, Wide Dynamic Range, Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) ELISA Using the LMax Microplate Luminometer (MaxLine Application Note #41)
9. Sensitivity and Quantitation using a Finnigan LCQ Deca XP Plus Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer
10. Trace Analysis Optimizing Sensitivity Finnigan Surveyor PDA Detector
11. A Screen of shRNAs Targeting Tumor Suppressor Genes to Identify Factors Involved in Paclitaxel Sensitivity
Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/22/2014)... 22, 2014  United Therapeutics Corporation (NASDAQ: ... release its second quarter 2014 financial results before ... United Therapeutics will host a half-hour teleconference ... Eastern Time.  The teleconference is accessible by dialing ... of the teleconference will be available for one ...
(Date:7/22/2014)... (PRWEB) July 22, 2014 Biofeedback ... hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed, selecting medication to best ... error. Analyzing brain patterns by using electroencephalography (EEG) can ... and thus lower the risk of adverse drug events. ... and Biomarkers” in the current issue of the ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ... Las Positas College (LPC) recently established a 24-month ... training for veterans, officials recently announced. , The ... is designed to help veterans develop the ... and establishes a pipeline of qualified candidates for ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... of Arts and Sciences has received a major ... , Mathew M. Maye, associate professor of chemistry, ... the National Science Foundation (NSF). The award supports ... the results of which may impact gas storage, ... , Maye,s approach is novel, in that he ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Analyzing Brain Patterns with EEG Can Help Predict Effective Use of Medication 2Analyzing Brain Patterns with EEG Can Help Predict Effective Use of Medication 3Engineering Program Established for Veterans 2Engineering Program Established for Veterans 3Syracuse University chemist to use NSF grant to study materials chemistry, nanoscience 2
... Feb. 19 NeurogesX, Inc.,(Nasdaq: NGSX ), ... therapies, announced today that it is scheduled to ... Growth Stock Conference in,Laguna Niguel, CA on February ... will be presenting and Stephen Ghiglieri, Chief,Financial Officer, ...
... BEIJING, Feb. 19 /Xinhua-PRNewswire/ -- Sinovac Biotech Ltd. (Amex:,SVA), ... it,will hold its 2007 Annual Meeting of Shareholders on ... meeting will be held concurrently at,No. 39 Shangdi Xi ... Temple,Street, St. John,s, Antigua. All shareholders of record as ...
... Pharmion Corporation,(Nasdaq: PHRM ) today reported financial ... For the year, net sales totaled $267.3 million,compared to ... of,Vidaza(R) (azacitidine for injection) totaled $165.3 million for 2007,compared ... of Vidaza totaled,$131.4 million in 2007, compared to $130.6 ...
Cached Biology Technology:NeurogesX to Present at Roth 2008 OC Growth Stock Conference 2NeurogesX to Present at Roth 2008 OC Growth Stock Conference 3Sinovac Biotech Ltd. Schedules 2007 Annual Meeting of Shareholders 2Pharmion Corporation Announces 2007 Operating Results 2Pharmion Corporation Announces 2007 Operating Results 3Pharmion Corporation Announces 2007 Operating Results 4Pharmion Corporation Announces 2007 Operating Results 5Pharmion Corporation Announces 2007 Operating Results 6
(Date:7/21/2014)... areas across Riau province on Sunday, July 20, indicating ... decline in rainfall. The number of detected hotspots ... been reported one day prior, which had reached only ... regencies and municipalities, most of which were in northern ... creates could potentially spread via winds to Malaysia and ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa ... by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are ... Africa, Asia, and Latin America. , The protocol, which ... review, is low-cost and efficient, making it especially ... countries who are presently drinking highly turbid and contaminated ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... reveals that mesenchymal (mezz-EN-chem-uhl) stem cells (MSCs) help rejuvenate ... MSCs into mouse leg muscles prior to several bouts ... during resistance training in humans that result in mild ... of repair and enhance the growth and strength of ... findings, described in the journal Medicine and Science ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Stem cells aid muscle repair and strengthening after resistance exercise 2
... activated when we choose to suppress an emotion, compared to ... new study from the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and ... Brain Structure and Function , the researchers scanned the brains ... activated when choosing for oneself to suppress an emotion. They ...
... among a national group of 87 newly elected fellows ... Tweten, OU Health Sciences Center in Oklahoma City, and ... highly-selective, peer-review process, based on their records of scientific ... Tweten, George Lynn Cross Research Professor in the Department ...
... that R. Graham Cooks, the Henry Bohn Hass Distinguished ... of the 2013 Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences, ... awarded biennially, consists of $250,000, a citation, and a ... University in the fall and will feature a lecture ...
Cached Biology News:Study finds brain system for emotional self-control 2OU microbiologists elected as fellows in the American Academy of Microbiology 2R. Graham Cooks wins Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences 2
Form: Ready to use Applications: ELISA...
Form: Ready to use Applications: ELISA...
Recorder REC-111 single-channel, 1. Category: Chromatography Systems & Accessories, Systems....
Biology Products: