Note: Limit the exposure to light for
20 l nuclease-free water
5 l 10X Labeling Buffer
20 l dsRNA*
5 l Labeling Dye
50 l Total
*We have successfully labeled 40 to 80 pmol of dsRNA, 400 to 1200 nt in length, with this protocol. The amount of dsRNA per reaction may need to be optimized according to the size and concentration of the dsRNA. In general, we obtain a maximum silencing effect with a final concentration of 10 nM labeled dsRNA.
One way to further understand the mechanism of RNAi is to track the introduced dsRNA in live cells. Fluorescent labeling is commonly used by scientists to localize macromolecules, but it was not known whether the incorporation of a fluorophore into dsRNA would affect its ability to induce gene silencing. To address this question, we used the Silencer siRNA Labeling Kit to couple the fluorescent label, Cy3, to long dsRNA prepared with the MEGAscript RNAi Kit and then compared labeled dsRNA activity to that of unlabeled.
Figure 1A shows that the same powerful silencing effect was obtained with both labeled and unlabeled dsRNA specific for hrp48 or U2AF50 gene products. No cytotoxic effect was associated with the fluorescent moiety and the expression level of a non-related control protein, Pab 1, was not affected (Figure 1A). The specific silencing of hrp48 and U2AF50 proteins was also confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy (data not shown). Direct observation of the Cy3 fluorescence demonstrated that both hrp48 and U2AF50 labeled dsRNA were taken up equivalently into L2 cells and localized to discrete perinuclear foci in the cytoplasm (Figure 1B). This localization is very similar to what was previously reported for siRNA in mammalian cells (Byron et al., 2002). Finally time course studies showed that the RNAi effect was maintained in cultured Drosophila cells for up to 10 days and that labeled dsRNA was passed on to daughter cells during cell division (data not shown).
Figure 1. Fluorescently Labeled dsRNA Retains Functionality. The MEGAscript RNAi Kit was used to generate full-length dsRNA to the Drosophila hrp48 and U2AF50 genes from the corresponding cDNA constructs. A portion of the dsRNA was labeled with Cy3 using the Silencer siRNA Labeling Kit according to the above protocol. 1x106 Schneider's Drosophila L2 cells were grown in 6 well plates in serum free medium and directly treated with 10 nM of dsRNA (no transfection is required in these cells). Three days after treatment, (A) hrp48 and U2AF50 protein levels were assessed by Western blot and (B) cells were analyzed by fluorescence microscopy. BLUE: DAPI stained nuclei. RED: Cy3 labeled U2AF50 dsRNA.
RNAi in Non-Mammalian Cultured Cells
Cat# Product Name Size 1626 MEGAscript RNAi Kit 20 rxns 1632 Silencer siRNA Labeling Kit - Cy3 65 g labeled siRNA 1634 Silencer siRNA Labeling Kit - FAM 65 g labeled siRNA