Navigation Links
Analysis of Nitrofurans Metabolites by Positive Ion Electrospray LC/MS/MS

Z. Yang, Varian, Inc.


Nitrofuran antibiotics are veterinary drugs. The use of these in food production is already banned in the United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Singapore, Bangladesh, and the European Union because of a possible increased cancer-risk through long-term consumption.

Trace amounts of nitrofurans contamination has been found in warm-water prawns, shrimp, and chicken. The contamination may occur from deliberate, direct misuse of the drugs as well as from contaminated feed.

The analyses of nitrofurans are based on the detection of the metabolites of the parent drugs. Since the parent drugs are very rapidly metabolized and the tissue-bound metabolites are detectable for several weeks after administration, the metabolites are a much better marker for the detection of the abuse of these antibiotics.

The metabolites of furazolidone, furaltadone, nitrofurantoine and nitrofurazone are 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ), 3-amino-5-methylmorpholino-2-oxazolidinone (AMOZ), 1-aminohydantoin (AH), and semicarbazide (SC), respectively. Nitrobenzaldehyde, the most commonly used derivatizing reagent for these metabolites, forms a nitrophenyl derivative for LC/MS analyses.


Varian ProStar 430 AutoSampler

Varian ProStar 210 Isocratic Solvent Delivery Modules

Varian 1200L LC/MS equipped with ESI source

Materials and Reagents

A 5 pg/μL standard mixture of 2-nitrobenzyladehyde derivative of AOZ, AMOZ, AH, and SC was kindly provided by Thai Unique, Thailand.

All other chemicals were reagent grade or HPLC grade.

Results and Discussion

The LC method used a 10 minute run cycle. It is clear from the Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) data produced that the 1200L LC/MS system can qualitatively and quantitatively detect nitrofurans to the ultra trace levels required. 10 mM ammonium acetate was used in the sample solution to reduce formation of sodium adducts and to enhance the detection limit for the product ions.

The Limit of Detection (LOD) for SC, AOZ, AH, and AMOZ is about 20 fg/μL*, 10 fg/μL, 60 fg/μL, and 10 fg/μL in solution, respectively. The linearity of the detector response was excellent (Figure 1). The R2 for 209>166, 236>134, 249>134 and 335>291 are 0.999, 0.998, 0.999 and 0.999, respectively. Typical chromatograms obtained are given in Figure 2.


The Varian 1200L LC/MS/MS system demonstrates excellent performance for the analyses of nitrofurans metabolites and is able to assist in the detection of potentially harmful substances in food imports/exports to improve food safety throughout the world.



Page: All 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. A Positive Selection Assay for Mutation Analysis in Big Blue Animals
2. Epitope-Tagging Vectors for Functional Analysis in Yeast
3. Map and Link Human Genetic Disorders with SSLP Analysis
4. CastAway Precast Gels for Rapid Automated DNA Sequence Analysis
5. Single-cell RT-PCR Analysis of Paramecium Primaurelia with the Eppendorf cMaster RTplusPCR System
6. Structural Analysis of Glycosylated Peptides in Complex Mixtures with Ion Trap MSn
7. Use of Transcriptor Reverse Transcriptase in Microarray Analysis
8. Increased Sensitivity in Microarray Analysis
9. Gene-Expression Analysis of TP, DPD, and TS Using the LightCycler mRNA Quantification KitsPLUS
10. Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer Automated Analysis System
11. Analysis of Microarray Data
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Clintrax Global, Inc., a worldwide ... Carolina , today announced that the company has set a ... a 391% quarter on quarter growth posted for Q3 of 2014 ... and Mexico , with the establishment of ... December 2015. --> United Kingdom and ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 --> ... released by Transparency Market Research, the global non-invasive prenatal ... of 17.5% during the period between 2014 and 2022. ... Industry Analysis, Size, Volume, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast ... market to reach a valuation of US$2.38 bn by ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Schlieren, Switzerland (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... more organotypic 3D cell culture models, has promoted Melanie Aregger to serve as Chief ... Manager, Ms. Aregger served on the management team and was promoted to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)...  PDL BioPharma, Inc. (PDL) (NASDAQ: PDLI ) today ... and chief executive officer, will present at the 27 th ... New York City . The presentation will be ... at 9:30 a.m. EST. and go ... least 15 minutes prior to the presentation to allow for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:11/4/2015)... ALBANY, New York , November 4, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... According to a new market report published by Transparency ... Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2022", ... value of US$ 30.3 bn by 2022. The market ... during the forecast period from 2015 to 2022. Rising ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015  Rubicon Genomics, ... for U.S. distribution of its DNA library preparation ... and Rubicon,s new ThruPLEX Plasma-seq kit. ThruPLEX Plasma-seq ... the preparation of NGS libraries for liquid biopsies--the ... diagnostic and prognostic applications in cancer and other ...
(Date:10/27/2015)... , October 27, 2015 ... Automated Semantic Gaze Mapping technology (ASGM) automatically maps data ... Eye Tracking Glasses , so that they can ... --> Munich, Germany , October ... automatically maps data from mobile eye tracking videos created ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):