Navigation Links
Analysis of Fuel Oxygenates by U.S. EPA Method 8260B Using Headspace Trap with GC/MS

Author:
Heidi Grecsek

PerkinElmer Life and Analytical Sciences
710 Bridgeport Avenue
Shelton, CT 06484

Introduction

The Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 require that oxygenated compounds be added to gasoline to produce fuel with increased oxygen content. Oxygenated fuel is desirable because it burns more completely, thereby reducing tailpipe emissions. The most commonly used fuel oxygenate additive is methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE).

The transportation, transfer and especially storage of oxygenated fuel in underground tanks present a risk to the environment. Leaks and spillage can contaminate ground, surface and waste waters, representing a significant threat to drinking-water supplies. Consequently, there is an increasing need for the analysis of MTBE in water by many state and federal agencies. In addition, there are new regulations requiring that MTBE be phased out, so the detection and quantification of other fuel oxygenates must also be considered.1

This field application report describes the use of a PerkinElmer TurboMatrix HS-110 Trap and Clarus 500 GC/MS optimized for low-level determination of fuel oxygenates by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 8260B. The headspace trap uses heat to extract (partition) the compounds out of the water into an equilibrium headspace, instead of purging. This transports a significant and highly reproducible fraction of the analytes from the sample onto a thermal desorption trap, where they are retained and focused on a multi-bed adsorbent packing before injection onto the GC column. The headspace trap offers operators low detection limits, excellent linearity and high throughput for fast sample turnaround.

Results

The heated headspace-trap transfer line is connected to the GC injector port with an injector adapter (PerkinElmer part number B0505266). The headspace-trap fused-silica transfer line (PerkinElmer part number N9301357) is connected through the injector port so approximately 20 cm resides in the oven. This is connected to the GC column by using a universal capillary-column connector (PerkinElmer part number N9302149). The rest of the method setup parameters are found in Table 1.

Following U.S. EPA 8260B method requirements, the system was tuned using 25 μg/L (ppb) of BFB (4-bromofluorobenzene). There are nine EPA BFB ion ratios that were checked for compliance (Figure 1). 19 compounds were analyzed and examined for detection limits, linearity and throughput. Linearity was checked using a five-level calibration curve in DI water. The range was 0.5-100 μg/L. Ethanol and tert-butyl alcohol were calibrated from 5-200 μg/L. Table 2 displays the list of components analyzed, demonstrates the quantitative precision and linearity of the method. The %RSD (based on relative response factors) for all analytes was within the 15% U.S. EPA 8260B method requirement mandated in environmental labs.

All 19 compounds were identified at all 5 calibration levels and a chromatogram of the 25 μg/L (mid-level calibration) standard is shown in Figure 2. All standards were prepared with appropriate Method 8260B internal standards and surrogates. Inserted into Figure 2 is an extracted ion chromatogram of 5 μg/L of ethanol (the lowest level standard), which demonstrates excellent signal to noise at this concentration. Ethanol is challenging at low concentration levels, when using traditional purge-and-trap technology. Fuel oxygenates such as ethanol are highly soluble in water and difficult to purge. This application illustrates the low detection limits achieved for these difficult components using the new headspace-trap technology.

The TurboMatrix Headspace Trap system offers a standard 12-position thermostatted chamber. This allows multiple samples to be heating at the same time so, as soon as the GC becomes ready, the next sample can be injected. The instrument automatically calculates PII (period from injection to injection) time, making this 12-position overlapped thermostatting the most efficient use of valuable time while running multiple samples.

The TurboMatrix Headspace Trap system uses elevated temperatures to partition the analytes of interest into the vapor phase for analysis. This offers a unique advantage over traditional purge-and-trap concentrators. The headspace trap only transfers the volatile analytes not the solid or liquid phase to the GC. In addition, the system automatically bakes out the flow path between injections. This results in very low carryover and minimum downtime, increasing laboratory productivity and eliminating the contamination problems that many environmental laboratories contend with when using purge-and-trap concentrators. Figure 3 is a demonstration of a typical environmental sample analyzed using a TurboMatrix Headspace Trap. This concentration level would typically cause significant carryover problems with purge-and-trap concentrators. The TurboMatrix Headspace Trap demonstrated less than 0.2% carryover on the next injection.

Conclusions

U.S. EPA 8260B is a challenging method used in the majority of U.S. and many international environmental laboratories for the analysis of VOCs. It is a complex method that requires multiple quality criteria be passed throughout the analysis. Fuel oxygenates have traditionally been difficult to analyze using purge-and-trap concentrators. As demonstrated here, the PerkinElmer Clarus 500 GC/MS configured with a TurboMatrix HS-110 Trap meets all the 8260B method requirements for the analysis of fuel oxygenates. In addition, the TurboMatrix HS Trap offers the following advantages over a conventional purge-and-trap concentrator:

Easy and convenient sample preparation
Good response with poor purging compounds
Increased sample throughput by overlapped thermostatting
Eliminates many of the carryover contamination problems seen with the purge-and-trap concentrators
No cross-contamination of samples from using the same purge vessel

References

1. http://www.arb.ca.gov/fuels/gasoline/ cbgmtbe.htm

2. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Technical Information Service: Washington, DC, Rev. 2, Vol. B. (1996).


'"/>

Source:


Page: All 1 2 3 4

Related biology technology :

1. A Positive Selection Assay for Mutation Analysis in Big Blue Animals
2. Epitope-Tagging Vectors for Functional Analysis in Yeast
3. Map and Link Human Genetic Disorders with SSLP Analysis
4. CastAway Precast Gels for Rapid Automated DNA Sequence Analysis
5. Single-cell RT-PCR Analysis of Paramecium Primaurelia with the Eppendorf cMaster RTplusPCR System
6. Structural Analysis of Glycosylated Peptides in Complex Mixtures with Ion Trap MSn
7. Use of Transcriptor Reverse Transcriptase in Microarray Analysis
8. Increased Sensitivity in Microarray Analysis
9. Gene-Expression Analysis of TP, DPD, and TS Using the LightCycler mRNA Quantification KitsPLUS
10. Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer Automated Analysis System
11. Analysis of Microarray Data
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Analysis Fuel Oxygenates EPA Method Using Headspace Trap with

(Date:7/24/2014)... group leader Yung-Eun Sung has announced that they ... nitrogen-doped graphenes which can be applied as high ... Yung-Eun Sung is both a group leader at ... Basic Science* (IBS) and a professor at the ... significance with regards to the development of relative ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ... report to their offering.  ... in vitro growth of plant or animal cells for ... production. Cell culture is a crucial step in tissue ... culture consumables are necessary for the in vitro production ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014  CorMedix Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... commercializing therapeutic products for the prevention and treatment ... of notice on July 18, 2014 from the ... accepted the CorMedix plan to regain compliance with ... result, the NYSE-MKT is continuing the Company,s listing ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... N.J. , July 24, 2014 ... provider of regulatory and ethical review services for ... Alliance Biosciences. Formerly a division of ... was the leading biosafety and biosecurity consulting firm ... With this addition, WCG,s biosafety division – WCG ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Cell Culture Market 2014-2018: Key Vendors are Becton, Dickinson and Co, EMD, GE Healthcare, Lonza Group, Sigma Aldrich and Thermo Fisher Scientific 2CorMedix, Inc. Granted Extension of NYSE-MKT Listing 2CorMedix, Inc. Granted Extension of NYSE-MKT Listing 3WIRB-Copernicus Group Announces Acquisition of Alliance Biosciences; Executives Join WCG Biosafety Division 2WIRB-Copernicus Group Announces Acquisition of Alliance Biosciences; Executives Join WCG Biosafety Division 3
... May 21 Martek Biosciences,Corporation (Nasdaq: MATK ) ... UBS Global Generic and Specialty Pharmaceuticals Conference in,London. The ... at the Waldorf,Hilton, Aldwych, London. Steve Dubin, CEO will ... EDT (2:00 p.m. London Time)., Interested parties may ...
... Still River Systems announces,the successful development and operation ... of the development of its Monarch250(TM) proton,therapy system. ... conclusively,demonstrates that cyclotrons at this high field strength ... By increasing the operating,magnetic field, Still River Systems ...
... N.J., May 21 Aton Pharma, Inc., a ... signed a,marketing and distribution agreement with PharmaLink Asia ... into several countries in Asia and,Australia., "This ... we execute,our mission to expand access to our ...
Cached Biology Technology:Still River Systems Announces Operation of the World's Highest Magnetic Field Cyclotron 2Aton Pharma Announces Distribution Partnership in the Asia Pacific Region 2
(Date:7/23/2014)... , July 24, 2014 Pfenex Inc. (NYSE ... offering of 8,333,333 shares of its common stock at a ... Pfenex has granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase ... initial public offering price. The shares are expected to begin ... the symbol "PFNX". William Blair & ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... or neglected early in life are at risk ... In a new study, scientists have found that ... has implications for children,s long-term development. Previous studies ... and genetics interacted with that child,s experiences in ... In the new study, researchers were able to ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... crow and the pitcher, a thirsty bird happens upon a ... it, he finds the water level out of his reach. ... drops pebbles into it one at a time ... his fill. , Highlighting the value of ingenuity, the fable ... brute force. It also characterizes crows as pretty resourceful problem ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Pfenex Inc. Announces Pricing Of Initial Public Offering 2Stress tied to change in children's gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health 2Stress tied to change in children's gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health 3Smarter than a first-grader? 2Smarter than a first-grader? 3Smarter than a first-grader? 4
... Researchers have identified a gene that appears to increase a ... type of Alzheimer,s disease. The research will be presented as ... of Neurology,s 62nd Annual Meeting in Toronto, April 10 ... six. "Only recently have common variants in genes ...
... who co-piloted the historic 1960 deep-sea voyage of the Trieste, will ... on at 10 a.m. April 15 at the U.S. Navy Museum ... to have visited the Challenger Deep the deepest part of ... navigating the bathyscaphe (deep submergence vehicle) Trieste 35,810 feet down to ...
... 13, 2010 -- Two chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have ... that turns itself on or off as it detects metallic ions ... the April 19, 2010 issue of the International Edition of the ... tool for controlling tiny reactions in the test tube, and it ...
Cached Biology News:New gene associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease 2New nano-tool synthesized at Scripps Research Institute 2
... Visualizer DX's sensitivity of DNA detection has been ... in an agarose gel can be detected > ... can be purified by organic solvent extraction or ... kits worked well.) DNA excised from agarose ...
Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a full length recombinant CSNK2A2. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = CSNK2A2...
... Small space saving design - ideal for personal ... models: , - 3D gyratory action SSM3 , ... speed control and built-in timer , Optional tier system ... ideal where gentle mixing is required, either on the ...
... The TargeTron(TM) Gene Knockout System provides optimized ... specific disruption of bacterial genes by insertion ... the retrohoming ability of group II introns ... re-target the TargeTron group II intron for ...
Biology Products: