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deCODE Genetics, in Collaboration with Academic Colleagues and Illumina, Discovers Two Rare Variants that Affect the Risk of Gout and Serum Uric Acid Levels
Date:10/9/2011

ating with serum uric acid level and gout. The variant decreases the risk of gout by 50%, and the level of uric acid by 0.05 mmol/L. Approximately 3% of the Icelandic population carry this variant and 1.5% of the European subjects.

For both loci the effect on risk of gout is significantly higher among men than women, but the effect on serum uric acid levels is the same in both sexes.

"This study underscores the importance of whole genome sequencing of well-phenotyped populations.  We are pleased that the clinical and genetic resource that deCODE has built enables us to make such discoveries," said Kari Stefansson, deCODE's CEO and senior author of the study.  

"We are committed to turning discoveries such as this, as well as our recent findings in ovarian cancer and sick sinus syndrome, and our future discoveries, into real benefit for patients," Dr. Stefansson continued.

Gout is a common inflammatory arthritis caused by urate crystal formation resulting from a high concentration of uric acid in the blood, which is in turn caused by an imbalance in the dietary intake of purines and in the synthesis an excretion of urate. The incidence of gout increases with age and is three times higher in men than in women.

About deCODE

Headquartered in Reykjavik, Iceland, deCODE genetics is a global leader in analyzing and understanding the human genome. Using its unique expertise and population resources, deCODE has discovered genetic risk factors for dozens of common diseases ranging from cardiovascular disease to cancer.

In order to most rapidly realize the value of genetics for human health, deCODE is currently partnering with life sciences companies to accelerate their target discovery, validation, and prioritization efforts, yielding improved patient stratification for clinical trials and essential companion diagnostics. In addition, through its CLIA- and CAP-certified laboratory, deCODE offers DNA-base
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