Navigation Links
Young's experiment in a hydrogen molecule
Date:11/15/2007

An international investigation involving the participation of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientficas (CSIC) has reproduced the experiment of Thomas Young in a molecule of hydrogen, the smallest molecular system that exists. In 1803 the English scientist tested a pattern of interferences in light from a distant source, on passing through a double slit and thus being refracted. This finding confirmed the theory that light had wave motion properties. The authors of this current research, which appears in the latest issue of the journal Science, uses electrons instead of light and the nuclei of the hydrogen molecule as emitting slits.

CSIC researcher Ricardo Dez, Vicedirector of the Centre for Materials Physics (a mixed body of the CSIC and the University of the Basque Country in Donostia-San Sebastin and co-author of the article, explains their experiment: These interference patterns are the same as those produced, on a large scale, when sunlight passes through Persian blinds, throwing shadow patterns and, as it were, games, on the walls. This phenomenon is due to the fact that (light) particles, as with electrons, can also have wave motion behaviour.

At much smaller sizes, atomic planes can create interferences in the transmission of X rays, thus providing information about the internal structure of materials. This is the fundamental basis of the experimental techniques such as X ray diffraction, thanks to which the DNA double helix structure was discovered. Ricardo Dez explains, The Laws that predict, for example, the trajectory of a car at a certain speed are not those that govern the behaviour of atomic-sized particles. On a nanometric scale sizes are measured in units a thousand million times smaller than a metre, and the behaviour of objects at this scale can prove to be surprising, almost magical even!

The experiment

The researchers reproduced Youngs experiment in the smallest system existing - a molecule of hydrogen -, which consists of two protons and two electrons. The research team used light generated by the large synchrotron accelerator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (USA), to extract the two electrons from the molecule of hydrogen. The two protons carry out the role of the two electron-emitting apertures, separated by an extremely small distance ten thousand millionths of a metre. On its journey to the detector, where they are collected, each one of the electrons shows an interference pattern that suggests wave nature rather than particle motion, and as if emission had taken place from the two points at the same time.

The interference pattern of each one of the two electrons extracted from the molecule is conditioned by the presence and the velocity of the other: the greater the difference in their speeds, the less the interaction between them and the more visible the interference patterns. Under these conditions, the system is more of a quantum nature.

The analysis of the patterns as a function of velocity enables the investigation of the subtle mechanisms of the transition between classical physics and quantum physics. It is necessary to understand the quantum relationship between a small number of electrons, such as those of hydrogen, as it is the basis of concepts as sophisticated as quantum cryptography or of the future development of quantum computation, concluded the CSIC researcher.


'/>"/>

Contact: Garazi Andonegi
garazi@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. NanoLogix Inc. Announces Historical First in Energy Generation With Bioreactor-Produced Hydrogen at Welchs
2. New Study Shows Promise for Hydrogen Sulfide in Reducing Heart-Attack Damage, Ikaria Announces
3. Heavier hydrogen on the atomic scale reduces friction
4. Molecules line up to make the tiniest of wires
5. When proteins, antibodies and other biological molecules kiss, a new kind of biosensor can tell
6. When proteins, antibodies and other biological molecules kiss, a new kind of biosensor can tell
7. BioNanomatrix Announces Issuance of Key Nanofluidics Patent Enabling Single Molecule Whole Genome Analysis
8. Abbott Scientists Create One Molecule With Two Antibody Functions
9. Reverse Cholesterol Transport by RVX-208 a Small Molecule for ApoA-I Production Increase Presented at American Heart Association Scientific Meeting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... OXFORD, England , Aug. 16, 2017  Kingfisher Talent, ... search and leadership development, and Virdis Group, global executive search ... exclusive alliance that enables clients to leverage the expertise and ... "For our clients here in the Boston ... diverse population of leadership talent throughout the US, ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Pittcon is pleased to ... and scientific instruments. This year’s symposium, organized by the Pittcon 2018 program chair, ... Bioanalytical Applications.” This dynamic presentation will discuss novel ionization processes, high throughput IMS-MS ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... Linda, Ca (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 ... ... coffee production and is threatened by various biotic and abiotic factors. During this ... complex evolutionary history of coffee, as well as gain a better understanding of ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... ... 14, 2017 , ... The Conference Forum has confirmed the one-day ... on September 6, 2017 at the Marriott Copley Place in Boston, MA. , Returning ... and Regulatory Strategy, Pfizer Innovative Research Lab, Pfizer, who leads 19 industry speakers in ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/4/2017)... , April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , ... that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) ... covers the linking of an iris image with a ... and represents the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... is very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... -- higi, the health IT company that operates the largest ... , today announced a Series B investment from BlueCross ... new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s strategy to create ... health activities through the collection and workflow integration of ... and secures data today on behalf of over 36 ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology (Touch-based and ... 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth USD 18.98 ... Continue Reading ... ...      ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):