Navigation Links
X-ray vision exposes aerosol structures
Date:6/27/2012

Menlo Park, Calif. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have captured the most detailed images to date of airborne soot particles, a key contributor to global warming and a health hazard.

The discovery reveals the particles' surprisingly complex nanostructures and could ultimately aid the understanding of atmospheric processes important to climate change, as well as the design of cleaner combustion sources, from car engines to power plants.

The study, published in the June 28th issue of Nature, also pioneers a method for studying a broad range of individual particles, such as cells or proteins, and opens up exciting possibilities in the study of aerosol dynamics using highly focused X-ray lasers, such as SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS).

"Our study shows that LCLS can drive a paradigm shift in imaging airborne particles, allowing us to look at them one at a time instead of using a composite of many different particles," said Duane Loh, the lead author of the study and a postdoctoral scholar at SLAC and Stanford University's PULSE Institute for Ultrafast Energy Science. "We now have a richer imaging tool to explore the connections between their toxicity and internal structure."

Soot and similar particles especially those 2.5 microns or less in diameter, which are the most dangerous to human health are difficult to image while airborne. When placed on a surface for examination with a microscope, they tend to clump together and lose their shape.

In this experiment, researchers wafted individual soot particles up to 3.25 microns in diameter into the path of the LCLS laser beam. Its laser pulses are so brief that they captured information about the particles, only millionths of a meter across, in the quadrillionths of a second before they blew apart.

They found that no two are alike. Like magnified snowflakes, soot particles exhibit similar patterns of complexity at different scales, which is characteristic of fractals. Other research methods have probed the fractal properties of soot, but the LCLS' ability to examine those of individual soot particles, airborne and in their natural state, revealed surprising diversity and complexity in their fractal dimensions. Such observations can help validate the various models used to describe these soot particles.

The results make scientists wonder what diversity of forms will be discovered if particles produced in real-world, "messy" environments, such as a car's combustion engine or a candle flame, are imaged one at a time. The team is analyzing data from experiments at the LCLS that examined soot from diesel emissions as well as other types of airborne particles.

A primary long-term goal of the research is to take snapshots of airborne particles as they change their size, shape and chemical make-up in response to their environment, said Michael Bogan, a staff scientist at PULSE and leader of the international research team.

"Scientists can now imagine being able to watch the evolution of soot formation in combustion engines from their molecular building blocks, or maybe even view the first steps of ice crystal formation in clouds," he said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy Freeberg
afreeberg@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-4359
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. CU-Boulder physicists use ultrafast lasers to create first tabletop X-ray device
2. Terminator-style info-vision takes step towards reality
3. Visionary With a Caterpillar
4. Breast Cancer Vaccine Being Developed by Generex Subsidiary Antigen Express to be Featured on Bloomberg Television Today
5. VisionGate Uses $2.6 Million NIH Grant to Achieve Full Automation of Cell-CT™ 3D Imaging System for Early Diagnosis of Cancer
6. LCA-Vision to Present at the Noble Financial Eighth Annual Equity Conference
7. Global Leaders in Advanced Biofuels Industry Urge Congressional Leaders to Extend Critical Tax Provisions
8. ARUP Laboratories Announces Creation of Business Innovations Division
9. New Daily Disposable Multifocal Contact Lenses from CooperVision Offer Comfort, Performance, Health, and Convenience to Fit Your Life
10. Vision Research Introduces the Newest Member Of the Phantom®- 1Mpx- v-Series Camera Family
11. 3-dimensional view of 1-dimensional nanostructures
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
X-ray vision exposes aerosol structures
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Oncolinx, a spin-out ... Startup Competition, has truly taken their cancer research out of this world. On ... from Cape Canaveral to the International Space Station’s (ISS) U.S. National Laboratory, managed ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Mitotech S.A, a Luxembourg based clinical stage biotechnology ... patients. LHON is a rare devastating genetic disease that leads to a sudden and ... group of 20 patients carrying 11778, 14484 and 3460 mutations and having experienced the ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Arrowhead Publishers is pleased to ... coming to San Diego, CA on September 27-28, 2017. Leaders from the pharmaceutical, ... advances in the treatment of various types of pain. There are also extended ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... Sierra Instruments announces the ... thermal mass flow technology provide exponentially more accurate mass flow data than volumetric ... all industrial processes—such as those involving chemical reactions, combustion, respiration, pharmaceutical, and HVAC—require ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/11/2017)... Fla. , April 11, 2017 ... and secure authentication solutions, today announced that it ... Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop ... Thor program. "Innovation has been a ... IARPA,s Thor program will allow us to innovate ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute ... Allen Cell Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital ... 3D imaging data, the first application of deep learning ... human stem cell lines and a growing suite of ... platform for these and future publicly available resources created ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will host ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in Redmond, ... on developing health and wellness apps that provide a ... Genome is the first hackathon for personal genomics ... companies in the genomics, tech and health industries are ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):