Navigation Links
With support, graphene still a superior thermal conductor
Date:4/8/2010

CHESTNUT HILL, MA (4/8/2010) The single-atom thick material graphene maintains its high thermal conductivity when supported by a substrate, a critical step to advancing the material from a laboratory phenomenon to a useful component in a range of nano-electronic devices, researchers report in the April 9 issue of the journal Science.

The team of engineers and theoretical physicists from the University of Texas at Austin, Boston College, and France's Commission for Atomic Energy report the super-thin sheet of carbon atoms taken from the three-dimensional material graphite can transfer heat more than twice as efficiently as copper thin films and more than 50 times better than thin films of silicon.

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene has been viewed as a promising new electronic material because it offers superior electron mobility, mechanical strength and thermal conductivity. These characteristics are crucial as electronic devices become smaller and smaller, presenting engineers with a fundamental problem of keeping the devices cool enough to operate efficiently.

The research advances the understanding of graphene as a promising candidate to draw heat away from "hot spots" that form in the tight knit spaces of devices built at the micro and nano scales. From a theoretical standpoint, the team also developed a new view of how heat flows in graphene.

When suspended, graphene has extremely high thermal conductivity of 3,000 to 5,000 watts per meter per Kelvin. But for practical applications, the chicken-wire like graphene lattice would be attached to a substrate. The team found supported graphene still has thermal conductivity as high as 600 watts per meter per Kelvin near room temperature. That far exceeds the thermal conductivities of copper, approximately 250 watts, and silicon, only 10 watts, thin films currently used in electronic devices.

The loss in heat transfer is the result of graphene's interaction with the substrate, which interferes with the vibrational waves of graphene atoms as they bump against the adjacent substrate, according to co-author David Broido, a Boston College Professor of Physics.

The conclusion was drawn with the help of earlier theoretical models about heat transfer within suspended graphene, Broido said. Working with former BC graduate student Lucas Lindsay, now an instructor at Christopher Newport University, and Natalio Mingo of France's Commission for Atomic Energy, Broido re-examined the theoretical model devised to explain the performance of suspended graphene.

"As theorists, we're much more detached from the device or the engineering side. We're more focused on the fundamentals that explain how energy flows through a sheet graphene. We took our existing model for suspended graphene and expanded the theoretical model to describe this interaction that takes place between graphene and the substrate and the influence on the movement of heat through the material and, ultimately, it's thermal conductivity."

In addition to its superior strength, electron mobility and thermal conductivity, graphene is compatible with thin film silicon transistor devices, a crucial characteristic if the material is to be used in low-cost, mass production. Graphene nano-electronic devices have the potential to consume less energy, run cooler and more reliably, and operate faster than the current generation of silicon and copper devices.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. UM physicists show electrons can travel over 100 times faster in graphene than in silicon
2. Graphene gazing gives glimpse of foundations of universe
3. Graphene used to create worlds smallest transistor
4. Graphene-based gadgets may be just years away
5. By adding graphene, researchers create superior polymer
6. Penn scientists demonstrate potential of graphene films as next-generation transistors
7. Graphene pioneers follow in Nobel footsteps
8. New graphene-based material clarifies graphite oxide chemistry
9. Researchers discover method for mass production of nanomaterial graphene
10. Light-speed nanotech: Controlling the nature of graphene
11. Scientists prove graphenes edge structure affects electronic properties
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
With support, graphene still a superior thermal conductor
(Date:2/11/2016)... Non-profit Consortium Aims to Generate Genomic ... Research and Discovery --> --> ... plan to sequence 100,000 individuals. It is intended to initially ... 7 of North and East Asian countries. ... project will focus on creating phased reference genomes for all ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Bioethics International, a not-for-profit ... are researched, developed, marketed and made accessible to patients around ... Open had named the publication of the Good ... The publication is also featured as one of BMJ ... the last year that are most frequently read. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... SANTA CRUZ, Calif. , Feb. 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... accepting applications to its beta program for a planned ... co-founder, will present the company,s metagenomic genome assembly method ... 2016 Advances in Genome Biology & Technology conference in ... novo  assembly of these highly complex datasets is difficult. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... medicine, has announced a new agreement with Bankok,Thailand-based Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) ... phsyicians in 15 Latin American countries, including Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 The field of Human ... the most popular hubs of the biotechnology industry. ... huge studies of human microbiota, have garnered a ... the microbiome space has literally exploded in terms ... This report focuses on biomedical aspects of research, ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... February 3, 2016 --> ... research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification System Market by Component ... Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) and ... the market is expected to be worth USD 8.49 ... between 2015 and 2020. The transformation and technology evolution ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... 3, 2016 ... the "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market ... Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition ... Regions - Global forecast to 2020" ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has announced the addition ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):