Navigation Links
Under pressure: Germanium

Washington, D.C. Although its name may make many people think of flowers, the element germanium is part of a frequently studied group of elements, called IVa, which could have applications for next-generation computer architecture as well as implications for fundamental condensed matter physics.

New research conducted by Xiao-Jia Chen, Viktor Struzhkin, and Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao from Geophysical Laboratory at Carnegie Institution for Science, along with collaborators from China, reveals details of the element's transitions under pressure. Their results show extraordinary agreement with the predictions of modern condensed matter theory.

Germanium (atomic number 32) is used in fiber-optic systems, specialized camera and microscope lenses, circuitry, and solar cells. Under ambient conditions it is brittle and semiconducting. But under pressure, the element should exhibit superconductivity, meaning that there is no resistance to the flow of an electric current.

The team's research, published in Physical Review Letters, discovered that under pressure of 66 GPa (about 650,000 atmospheres), germanium undergoes a structural change from one type of solid material to another that is metallicmeaning it conducts electricity. It then undergoes another structural change under pressure of 90 GPa (about 890,000 atmospheres). These findings matched theoretical predictions about the element's behavior under extreme pressure.

"A series of phase transitions was observed on compression of germanium that creates structures with increased density," Chen said. "We found extraordinary agreement between theory and experiment for the structures, energies, and compressional behavior. Though some of this behavior had been noted earlier, the agreement between the new highly accurate experimental results and theory really was quite remarkable."

The team's results show that superconductivity in this simple element is caused by phonons, or collective vibrations in the crystal structures that germanium assumes under pressure.


Contact: Xiaojia Chen
Carnegie Institution

Related biology technology :

1. StollerUSA Launches to Offer Solutions for Crops Under Stress
2. CV Therapeutics Reports Option Grants Under Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 4350
3. Understanding the science of solar-based energy: more researchers are better than one
4. Genesis Pharmaceuticals Completes Reverse Stock Split and Will Trade Under a New Symbol
5. Neptune Krill Oil, NKO(R), enters WALGREENS, the largest U.S. retail pharmacy chain, under the brand name Schiff(R) MegaRed(TM)
6. Microchip Biotechnologies, Inc. Awarded Contract Under US Army Commercialization Pilot Program
7. New Report on 633 Biotechnology Medicines Under Development Released in Michigan
8. LI-COR Biosciences Offers $1.75 Million in Matching Funds for Undergraduate Genomics Education
9. Lumiphore Partners with Biophor Diagnostics, Inc. to Develop Tests for Drugs of Abuse; Appoints Ibis Biosciences Founder David J. Ecker to Board
11. Boston Scientific Provides Update on Involuntary Selling of Its Stock by Co-Founders
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/10/2017)... Oct. 10, 2017 SomaGenics announced the receipt ... to develop RealSeq®-SC (Single Cell), expected to be the ... RNAs (including microRNAs) from single cells using NGS methods. ... need to accelerate development of approaches to analyze the ... "New techniques for measuring levels of mRNAs in ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The award-winning American Farmer television series will feature 3 Bar ... Tuesdays at 8:30aET on RFD-TV. , With global population estimates nearing ten billion ... continue to feed a growing nation. At the same time, many of our valuable ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 06, ... ... years’ experience providing advanced instruments and applications consulting for microscopy and surface ... expertise in application consulting, Nanoscience Analytical offers a broad range of contract ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... 2017 , ... On Tuesday, October 24th, ABC² (Accelerate Brain ... adaptive clinical trial for glioblastoma (GBM). The featured speaker will be Dr. Brian ... to the public, but registration is required. , WHAT: ABC² Brain Cancer ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/24/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 24, 2017 ... counsel and partner with  Identity Strategy Partners, LLP ... "With or without President Trump,s March 6, ... Foreign Terrorist Entry , refugee vetting can be instilled ... refugee resettlement. (Right now, all refugee applications are ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... PUNE, India , April 13, 2017 According ... Identity Proofing, Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication ... by MarketsandMarkets™, the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 ... Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... -- Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), Biometrics, ... (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities / ... Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), Hospitality ... looking for a definitive report on the $27.9bn Access ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):