Navigation Links
UO-Berkeley Lab unveil new nano-sized synthetic scaffolding technique
Date:9/2/2014

EUGENE, Ore. -- Scientists, including University of Oregon chemist Geraldine Richmond, have tapped oil and water to create scaffolds of self-assembling, synthetic proteins called peptoid nanosheets that mimic complex biological mechanisms and processes.

The accomplishment -- detailed this week in a paper placed online ahead of print by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences -- is expected to fuel an alternative design of the two-dimensional peptoid nanosheets that can be used in a broad range of applications. Among them could be improved chemical sensors and separators, and safer, more effective drug-delivery vehicles.

Study co-author Ronald Zuckermann of the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) first developed these ultra-thin nanosheets in 2010 using an air-and-water combination.

"We often think of oil on water as something that is environmentally bad when, in fact, my group over the past 20 years has been studying the unique properties of the junction between water and oil as an interesting place for molecules to assemble in unique ways -- including for soaps and oil dispersants," said Richmond, who holds a UO presidential chair. "This study shows it is also a unique platform for making nanosheets."

Lead authors on the project were Ellen J. Robertson, a doctoral student in Richmond's lab at the time of the research, and Gloria K. Oliver, a postdoctoral researcher at LBNL. Robertson is now a postdoctoral researcher at LBNL.

Work in Richmond's lab helped to identify the mechanism behind the formation of the nanosheets at an oil-water interface.

"Supramolecular assembly at an oil-water interface is an effective way to produce 2D nanomaterials from peptoids because that interface helps pre-organize the peptoid chains to facilitate their self-interaction," said Zuckermann, a senior scientist at LBNL's Molecular Foundry in a news release. "This increased understanding of the peptoid assembly mechanism should enable us to scale-up to produce large quantities, or scale- down, using microfluidics, to screen many different nanosheets for novel functions."

Zuckermann and Richmond are the corresponding authors on the paper. Additional co-authors are Menglu Qian and Caroline Proulx, both of LBNL.

Like natural proteins, synthetic proteins fold and conform into structures that allow them to do specific functions. In his earlier work, Zuckermann's team at LBNL's Molecular Foundry discovered a technique to synthesize peptoids into sheets that were just a few nanometers thick but up to 100 micrometers in length. These were among the largest and thinnest free-floating organic crystals ever made, with an area-to-thickness equivalent of a plastic sheet covering a football field.

"Peptoid nanosheet properties can be tailored with great precision," Zuckermann says, "and since peptoids are less vulnerable to chemical or metabolic breakdown than proteins, they are a highly promising platform for self-assembling bio-inspired nanomaterials."

To create the new version of the nanosheets, the research team used vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy to probe the molecular interactions between the peptoids as they assemble at the oil-water interface. The work showed that peptoid polymers adsorbed to the interface are highly ordered in a way that is influenced by interactions between neighboring molecules.

The substitution of oil in place of air creates a raft of new opportunities for the engineering and production of peptoid nanosheets, the researchers said. The oil phase, for example, could contain chemical reagents, serve to minimize evaporation of the aqueous phase or enable microfluidic production.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. A 50-year quest to isolate the thermoelectric effect is now over: Magnon drag unveiled
2. MedTRACK Unveils Partnering Tool for J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference
3. Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center Unveils Historic World-Class Biotech Research & Innovation Center in Downtown Winston-Salems Growing Piedmont Triad Research Park
4. SPYru™ unveils "The Uberwater"
5. Founder of National Childrens Leukemia Unveiled Non-Embryonic Stem Cell Treatment Promising Cure for Cancer at GIL 2012: Europe
6. Synteract Unveils New Branding at DIA 2012 to Support Enhanced Commercial Strategy
7. ScaleMatrix Leads the Way Unveiling the Industry’s First Transparent Pricing Tool in Private Cloud Offerings
8. UBM Conferences Unveils Details for Upcoming Generics and Biosimilars Conference
9. Opedix® Kinetic Health Gear Unveils New KNEE-Tec™ Knee Support Tights Shown to Reduce Quadriceps Muscle Fatigue and Knee Pain
10. Opedix® Joint Support Compression Apparel Unveils New CORE-Tec™ Shorts, Tested to Improve Core Stability, and Offer Support for Low Back Pain during Athletic Activities
11. Microsoft Unveils Dynamics GP 2013 – A Landmark Release to the ERP Solution
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/4/2016)... RICHMOND, Calif. , Feb. 4, 2016  Sangamo ... therapeutic genome editing, announced today that Edward Lanphier ... an update on the progress of Sangamo,s ZFP Therapeutic ... company,s business strategy at 2:40 pm ET on Thursday, ... Annual Global Healthcare Conference. The conference is being ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Forensics Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr ... activities such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016  CytoSorbents Corporation (NASDAQ: CTSO ... flagship CytoSorb® blood filter to treat deadly inflammation ... world, announced that CEO Dr. Phillip Chan ... Capital Group,s 2016 Disruptive Growth & Healthcare Conference, ... Conference Presentation Details: Where: Convene ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... , February 4, 2016 --> ... biotechnology acceleration company is pleased to provide the following update ... --> Over the last 3 months we have significantly ... purchase agreements exceeding $1,000,000. As a result, we have positioned ... Research Inc. license agreement and expect that development to continue ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/25/2016)... SEATTLE , Jan. 25, 2016  Glencoe Software, ... biotech, pharma and publication industries, will provide the data ... Phenotypic Screening Centre (NPSC). ... Phenotypic analysis ... even whole organisms, allowing comparisons between states such as ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... 22, 2016 ... the "Global Biometrics Market in Retail ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) has ... Biometrics Market in Retail Sector 2016-2020" ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... A market that just keeps on growing. Molecular Diagnostics ... genomics knowledge. Learn all about it in this new ... trends are pushing market growth and company valuations. Trends ... pathogen evolution - next generation sequencing - emergence of ... the role of genetic material in Disease and Health ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):