Navigation Links
Trapping a rainbow: Lehigh researchers slow broadband light waves with nanoplasmonic structures
Date:3/14/2011

BETHLEHEM, PAA team of electrical engineers and chemists at Lehigh University have experimentally verified the "rainbow" trapping effect, demonstrating that plasmonic structures can slow down light waves over a broad range of wavelengths.

The idea that a rainbow of broadband light could be slowed down or stopped using plasmonic structures has only recently been predicted in theoretical studies of metamaterials. The Lehigh experiment employed focused ion beams to mill a series of increasingly deeper, nanosized grooves into a thin sheet of silver. By focusing light along this plasmonic structure, this series of grooves or nano-gratings slowed each wavelength of optical light, essentially capturing each individual color of the visible spectrum at different points along the grating. The findings hold promise for improved data storage, optical data processing, solar cells, bio sensors and other technologies.

While the notion of slowing light or trapping a rainbow sounds like ad speak, finding practical ways to control photonsthe particles that makes up light could significantly improve the capacity of data storage systems and speed the processing of optical data.

The research required the ability to engineer a metallic surface to produce nanoscale periodic gratings with varying groove depths. This alters the optical properties of the nanopatterned metallic surface, called Surface Dispersion Engineering. The broadband surface light waves are then trapped along this plasmonic metallic surface with each wavelength trapped at a different groove depth, resulting in a trapped rainbow of light.

Through direct optical measurements, the team showed that light of different wavelengths in the 500-700nm region was "trapped" at different positions along the grating, consistent with computer simulations. To prepare the nanopattern gratings required "milling" 150nm wide rectangular grooves every 520nm along the surface of a 300-nm-thick silver sheet. While intrinsic metal loss on the surface of the metal did not permit the complete "stopping" of these plasmons, future research may look into compensating this loss in an effort to stop light altogether.

"Metamaterials, which are man-made materials with feature sizes smaller than the wavelength of light, offer novel applications in nanophotonics, photovoltaic devices, and biosensors on a chip," said Filbert J. Bartoli, principal investigator, professor and chair of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. "Creating such nanoscale patterns on a metal film allows us to control and manipulate light propogation. The findings of this paper present an unambiguous experimental demonstration of rainbow trapping in plasmonic nanostructures, and represents an important step in this direction."

"This technology for slowing light at room temperature can be integrated with other materials and components, which could lead to novel platforms for optical circuits. The ability of surface plasmons to concentrate light within nanoscale dimensions makes them very promising for the development of biosensors on chip and the study of nonlinear optical interactions," said Qiaoqiang Gan, who completed this work while a doctoral candidate at Lehigh University, and is now an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering , State University of New York at Buffalo.


'/>"/>

Contact: JordanReese
jor310@lehigh.edu
215-758-6656
Lehigh University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Trapping sunlight with silicon nanowires
2. Two Lehigh Valley Healthcare Leaders Collaborate to Deliver Safer, High-Quality Care to the Community
3. Disease Management Protocols at Lehigh Valley PPO, Valley Preferred, Making A Difference
4. Understanding the science of solar-based energy: more researchers are better than one
5. Researchers decode viral process that prepares cells for HIV infection
6. Dartmouth researchers advance cellulosic ethanol production
7. Researchers develop new model for cystic fibrosis
8. Use it or lose it? Researchers investigate the dispensability of our DNA
9. Sigma-Aldrich and the University of Illinois Offer New Boronic Acid Surrogates to Researchers Worldwide Through Licensing Agreement
10. Researchers write protein nanoarrays using a fountain pen and electric fields
11. Researchers show how to stamp nanodevices with rubber molds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Trapping a rainbow: Lehigh researchers slow broadband light waves with nanoplasmonic structures
(Date:11/30/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... new moving magnet Voice Coil Actuator with a flexure design that ensures high ... life with cost-effective pricing and is ideally suited where extreme precision is required, ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016 Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation (BPC), a leading ... the addition of its newest plasma collection center located ... . The 15,200 square foot state-of-the-art facility officially opened ... brings the total number of BPC,s plasma collection centers ... BPC,s Chief Executive Officer said "We are pleased to ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... and BEIJING , Nov. ... leading commercial provider of genomic services and solutions with ... today that it has completed a USD $75 Million ... Bank Co., Ltd.,s CMB International Capital Management ( ... Investment Management Co., Ltd. ("SDIC Innovation") and Shanghai Sigma ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... West Lafayette, IN (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... together industry experts to discuss the implications of the latest FDA guidance on ... on December 8, 2016 in Cambridge, MA. , The event follows the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:11/21/2016)... , Nov. 21, 2016   Neurotechnology ... object recognition technologies, today announced that the MegaMatcher ... cards was submitted for the NIST Minutiae ... passed all the mandatory steps of the evaluation ... is a continuing test of fingerprint templates used ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... , Nov. 17, 2016  AIC announces that it has just released a ... organizations that require high-performance scale-out plus high speed data transfer storage solutions. ... ... ... Setting up a high performance ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... DUBLIN , Nov 15, 2016 Research ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... ... reach USD 16.18 Billion by 2021 from USD 6.21 Billion in ... Growth of the bioinformatics market is driven by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):