Navigation Links
Surface dislocation nucleation: Strength is but skin deep at the nanoscale, Penn engineers discover
Date:3/3/2008

PHILADELPHIA - For centuries, engineers have bent and torn metals to test their strength and ductility. Now, materials scientists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Engineering and Applied Science are studying the same metals but at nanoscale sizes in the form of wires a thousand times thinner than a human hair. This work has enable Penn engineers to construct a theoretical model to predict the strength of metals at the nanoscale. Using this model, they have found that, while metals tend to be stronger at nanoscale volumes, their strengths saturate at around 10-50 nanometers diameter, at which point they also become more sensitive to temperature and strain rate. Such prediction of different strength regimes of nano-solids is important for future application and engineering design of nanotechnology.

Such small-volume materials with relatively large surface areas are now routinely employed in microchips and nanoscience and technology, and their mechanical properties can differ vastly from their macroscale counterparts. Typically, smaller is stronger. A gold wire 200 nanometers in diameter can be 50 times stronger per area than centimeter-sized single-crystal gold. Engineers investigated the "smaller is stronger" trend.

Ju Li, an associate professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn, and his collaborators at the Georgia Institute of Technology have combined transition state theory, explicit atomistic energy landscape calculation and computer simulation to establish a theoretical framework to predict the strengths of small-volume materials. Unlike previous models, their prediction can be directly compared with experiments performed at realistic temperature and loading rates. This research appeared as a cover article in Volume 100 of Physical Review Letters.

Their study demonstrated that the free, exterior surface of nanosized materials can be fertile breeding grounds of dislocations at high stre
'/>"/>

Contact: Jordan Reese
jreese@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. CaviWipes(R): Taking Surface Disinfection to a New Level
2. Arthrosurface Raises $4 Million of Preferred Equity Financing
3. Harland Medical Systems to Offer March Plasma Systems Surface Materials
4. Surface Logix Achieves Objectives With SLx-4090 in Phase 2a Clinical Trial
5. Decision Biomarkers Awarded U.S. Patent for Protein Array Surface Chemistry
6. Sureshield Coatings Company Established to Market Industry-Leading Portfolio of Advanced Coatings for Metal Surfaces
7. Hill-Rom Introduces New Wound Therapy Surface With Innovative Safety and Treatment Features
8. Physicists pin down spin of surface atoms
9. New York Strengthens Emergency Preparedness with Cardinal Health Ventilators
10. Strengthening fluids with nanoparticles
11. SpectraScience Strengthens Leadership Team With Four Key Hires
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Surface dislocation nucleation: Strength is but skin deep at the nanoscale, Penn engineers discover
(Date:8/26/2015)... , Aug. 26, 2015 Intrexon Corporation (NYSE: ... today the closing of its previously announced public offering ... the underwriters of their option to purchase an additional ... price of $41.00 per share.  The exercise of the ... common stock sold by Intrexon to 5,609,756 shares and ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... -- China Cord Blood Corporation (NYSE: CO ) ... of cord blood collection, laboratory testing, hematopoietic stem cell ... the Company has been informed that Magnum Opus 2 ... Mr. Yuen Kam, chairman of the board of directors ... "Shares") of  Excellent China Healthcare Investment Limited ("KKR SPV") ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Despite recent ... the optimism in biotech,s forecast is the recent ... sciences advancements.  Active biotechnology & healthcare companies with ... (OTCQB: PBIO), Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ), ... Pharmaceutical Corp. (NASDAQ: RPTP ) and EnteroMedics ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , ... August 26, 2015 , ... The 2015 Epigenomics ... adult stem cell technology start-up company Asymmetrex to share the first report ... of a new biomarker for counting adult tissue stem cells. , With a name ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 2Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 3Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 4China Cord Blood Corporation Receives Notice of Transactions Regarding its 7% Senior Convertible Notes Due 2017 2China Cord Blood Corporation Receives Notice of Transactions Regarding its 7% Senior Convertible Notes Due 2017 3New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 2New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 3New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 4New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 5New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 6New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 7Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 2Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 3Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 4
... venture capital in more deals in 2006, but the improvement ... Ernst & Young, LLP and Dow Jones ... in 2006, including a $12 .5 million round by ... for a total of $58.47 million. The total, up from ...
... Lance Armstrong is a unique phenomenon. He's a talented athlete, ... league by himself. Or is he? , ,As many people know, ... National Center for Health Statistics report released by the ... the second year in a row. , ,Cancer patients as political ...
... director of technology programs for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is ... he demonstrates in Part II of this interview. In ... In Part II (below), he addresses creating a culture of ... also is a featured speaker at the Fusion 2007 ...
Cached Biology Technology:Wisconsin fares slightly better in venture capital chase 2Wisconsin fares slightly better in venture capital chase 3Lance Armstrong and the future of cancer care 2Lance Armstrong and the future of cancer care 3Lance Armstrong and the future of cancer care 4Lance Armstrong and the future of cancer care 5
(Date:8/5/2015)... 5, 2015 According to a ... Market by Software, Services, Vertical (BFSI, Airport, IT & Telecom, ... Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, defines and ... into various segments. The global PIAM Market is estimated ... Million by 2019, at a CAGR of 14.9 % ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... , Aug. 3, 2015 Synaptics, Inc. ... interface solutions, today announced that members of the executive ... the Pacific Crest Global Technology Leadership Forum on Tuesday, ... conference will be held at the Sonnenalp Resort in ... The presentation may include forward-looking information. An audio webcast ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... 31 de julio de 2015 La 10 th ... celebrará por medio de BGI del 22 al 25 de octubre ... Este año, la conferencia celebra su décimo aniversario. ... convertido en una de las reuniones anuales más influyentes del ... las reuniones más dinámicas, entusiastas y mejores a nivel científico. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 2Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 3Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 4La 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) se llevará a cabo en octubre 2La 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) se llevará a cabo en octubre 3
... Mich. Solar power might be nature,s most plentiful and ... lure water insects away from critical breeding areas, a Michigan ... or other methods to break up the polarized reflection of ... likely to deposit eggs on the panels thinking that they ...
... a crime novel on a dime-store shelf. But "An Invitation to ... is very, very small. Rice University evolutionary biologists reported ... starve in a slime mold seem to have an advantage that ... that keep on eating into sacrificing themselves for the common good. ...
... AUGUSTA, Ga. The dietary supplement CDP-choline, sold as ... traumatic brain injury, may block skull and brain damage ... Medical College of Georgia researchers report. Alcohol ... lipid called ceramide, significantly increasing suicide among cells critical ...
Cached Biology News:Solar panels can attract breeding water insects 2A Dicty mystery solved 2Supplement may prevent alcohol-related brain, skull defects 2
... your samples with eArray and Agilents custom printing. ... own microarray designs that meet your specific biological ... delivery of your arrays in weeks, anywhere in ... creation application tool that enables you to design ...
... of the routine trace metal analytical lab ... and simple to use instrumentation. The 7500ce ... challenging sample matrices found in the environmental ... toughest analytical challenges found in the clinical, ...
Polio component type I...
Choriongonadotropin (human, hCG)...
Biology Products: