Navigation Links
Stanford engineers use nanophotonics to reshape on-chip computer data transmission
Date:11/15/2011

A team at Stanford's School of Engineering has demonstrated an ultrafast nanoscale light emitting diode (LED) that is orders of magnitude lower in power consumption than today's laser-based systems and able to transmit data at 10 billion bits per second. The researchers say it is a major step forward in providing a practical ultrafast, low-power light sources for on-chip computer data transmission.

Stanford's Jelena Vuckovic, an associate professor of electrical engineering and the study's senior author, and first author Gary Shambat, a doctoral candidate in electrical engineering, announced their device in paper to be published November 15 in the journal Nature Communications.

Vuckovic had earlier this year produced a nanoscale laser that was similarly efficient and fast, but that device operated only at temperatures below 150 Kelvin, about 190 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, making them impractical for commercial use. The new device operates at room temperature and could, therefore, represent an important step toward next-generation computer processors.

"Low-power, electrically controlled light sources are vital for next generation optical systems to meet the growing energy demands of the computer industry," said Vuckovic. "This moves us in that direction significantly."

Single-Mode Light

The LED in question is a "single-mode LED," a special type of diode that emits light more or less at a single wavelength, very similar to a laser.

"Traditionally, engineers have thought only lasers can communicate at high data rates and ultralow power," said Shambat. "Our nanophotonic, single-mode LED can perform all the same tasks as lasers, but at much lower power."

Nanophotonics is key to the technology. In the heart of their device, the engineers have inserted little islands of the material indium arsenide, which, when pulsed with electricity, produce light. These islands are surrounded by photonic crystal an array of tiny holes etched in a semiconductor. The photonic crystal serves as a mirror that bounces the light toward the center of the device, confining it inside the LED and forcing it to resonate at a single frequency.

"In other words, the light becomes single-mode," said Shambat.

"Without these nanophotonic ingredients the 'quantum dots' and the photonic crystal it is impossible to make an LED efficient, single-mode and fast all at the same time," said Vuckovic.

Engineering Ingenuity

The new device includes a bit of engineering ingenuity, too. Existing devices are actually two devices, a laser coupled with an external modulator. Both devices require electricity. Vuckovic's diode combines light emission and modulation functions into one device that drastically reduces energy consumption.

On average, the new LED device transmits data at 0.25 femto-Joules per bit of data. By comparison, today's typical 'low' power laser device requires about 500 femto-Joules to transmit a single bit. Some technologies consume as much as one pico-Joule per bit.

"Our device is 2000 to 4000 times more energy efficient than best devices in use today" said Vuckovic.

Stanford Professor James Harris, former PhD student Bryan Ellis, and doctoral candidates Arka Majumdar, Jan Petykiewicz and Tomas Sarmiento also contributed to this research.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Myers
admyers@stanford.edu
650-736-2241
Stanford School of Engineering
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Stanford engineers create nanoscale nonlinear light source
2. Stanford and SanBio Announce a Clinical Trial of Cell Therapy for Stroke Disability
3. Stanford researchers use river water and salty ocean water to generate electricity
4. Auxogyn Licenses Non-invasive Embryo Assessment Technology From Stanford University
5. Univfy and Stanford Scientists Develop the First Personalized Prognostic Test to Predict Live Birth Outcomes with In Vitro Fertilization
6. Stanford scientists develop new way to grow adult stem cells in culture
7. New technique reinforces immune cells that seek and destroy cancer, says Stanford researcher
8. LASIK Expert Edward Manche, M.D., of the Stanford Eye Laser Center Joins Top Surgeons Listed at the Trusted LASIK Surgeons Directory
9. Eiger BioPharmaceuticals Acquires Exclusive License to Novel Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Technology From Stanford University
10. Stanford researchers find a quicker, cheaper way to sort isotopes
11. Kornberg Associates Architects Selected to Develop Design for New Stanford University Imaging Center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Stanford engineers use nanophotonics to reshape on-chip computer data transmission
(Date:7/17/2017)... ... July 17, 2017 , ... OHAUS Corporation, a leading worldwide ... its new line of Heavy-Duty Orbital Shakers today. , Eight New Models Available, ... laboratory applications. These shakers are ideal for load capacities from 35 to ...
(Date:7/16/2017)... ... July 16, 2017 , ... OHAUS ... announced the launch of its new line of Rocking and Waving Shakers today. ... shaker models (both analog and digital) for laboratory applications in a variety of ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... ... July 13, 2017 , ... LGC Maine Standards ... US FDA 510 (k) clearance for use on Siemens Sysmex® CS-2500 System analyzers. ... D-Dimer kit, prepared using the CLSI EP06-A “equal delta” sample preparation, offers five ...
(Date:7/13/2017)... ... July 13, 2017 , ... FireflySci Inc. started manufacturing calibration ... seven years and now they are home to a tremendous line of certified ... and resolution testing. , One mega advantage that FireflySci brings to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:5/23/2017)... , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym for the ... been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . The first ... and the USA . The technology was developed ... market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a 10 million ... News Release, please click: ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... DALLAS , May 16, 2017   ... for health organizations, and MD EMR Systems ... certified development partner for GE, have established a ... Patient Portal product and the GE Centricity™ products, ... Centricity EMR. These new integrations ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... Janice Kephart , former 9/11 ... Partners, LLP (IdSP) , today issues the following ... March 6, 2017 Executive Order: Protecting the ... be instilled with greater confidence, enabling the reactivation ... applications are suspended by until at least July ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):