Navigation Links
Single electron reader opens path for quantum computing

A team led by engineers and physicists at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Sydney, Australia, have developed one of the key building blocks needed to make a quantum computer using silicon: a "single electron reader". Their work was published today in Nature.

Quantum computers promise exponential increases in processing speed over today's computers through their use of the "spin", or magnetic orientation, of individual electrons to represent data in their calculations.

In order to employ electron spin, the quantum computer needs both a way of changing the spin state (write) and of measuring that change (read) to form a qubit the equivalent of the bits in a conventional computer.

In creating the single electron reader, a team of engineers and physicists led by Dr Andrea Morello and Professor Andrew Dzurak, of the School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications at UNSW, has for the first time made possible the measurement of the spin of one electron in silicon in a single shot experiment. The team also includes researchers from the University of Melbourne and Aalto University in Finland.

"Our device detects the spin state of a single electron in a single phosphorus atom implanted in a block of silicon. The spin state of the electron controls the flow of electrons in a nearby circuit," said Dr Morello, the lead author of the paper, Single-shot readout of an electron spin in silicon.

"Until this experiment, no-one had actually measured the spin of a single electron in silicon in a single-shot experiment."

By using siliconthe foundation material of conventional computersrather than light or the esoteric materials and approaches being pursued by other researchers, the device opens the way to constructing a simpler quantum computer, scalable and amenable to mass-production.

The team has built on a body of research that has put Australia at forefront of the race to construct a working quantum computer. In 1998 Bruce Kane, then at UNSW, outlined in Nature the concept for a silicon-based quantum computer, in which the qubits are defined by single phosphorus atoms in an otherwise ultra-pure silicon chip. The new device brings his vision closer.

"We expect quantum computers will be able to perform certain tasks much faster than normal computers, such as searching databases, modelling complex molecules or developing new drugs," says co-author Prof Andrew Dzurak. "They could also crack most modern forms of encryption."

"After a decade of work trying to build this type of single atom qubit device, this is a very special moment."

Now the team has created a single electron reader, they are working to quickly complete a single electron writer and combine the two. Then they will combine pairs of these devices to create a 2-bit logic gate the basic processing unit of a quantum computer.


Contact: Peter Trute
University of New South Wales

Related biology technology :

1. Scientists observe single ions moving through tiny carbon-nanotube channel
2. Study measures single-molecule machines in action
3. Data Demonstrate ViaMetrics-E Improves Implantation Rates in Single Embryo Transfer IVF Cycles, A Growing Trend in Infertility Treatment
4. Stretching single molecules allows precision studies of interacting electrons
5. Æterna Zentaris: Publication in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute Demonstrates Perifosine Single Agent Potential in Neuroblastoma Tumors
6. Single-step technique produces both p-type and n-type doping for future graphene devices
7. Æterna Zentaris Partner Keryx Announces Positive Phase 2 Results for Perifosine as a Single Agent for the Treatment of Advanced Waldenstroms Macroglobulinemia
8. BioNanomatrix Awarded Supplemental Funding to Accelerate Commercialization of Innovative Single-Molecule Analyzer
9. Photo: Novartis Receives FDA Approval for Valturna(R), a Single-Pill Combination of valsartan and aliskiren, to Treat High Blood Pressure
10. Laser pulses control single electrons in complex molecules
11. Single-molecule technique captures calcium sensor calmodulin in action
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/9/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 09, ... ... published on October 5, 2017, in the medical journal, Epilepsia, Brain Sentinel’s ... the gold standard, video EEG, in detecting generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) using ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... ProxiMeta™ Hi-C metagenome deconvolution product, featuring the first commercially available Hi-C kit. ... to perform Hi-C metagenome deconvolution using their own facilities, supplementing the company’s ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... The HealthTech Venture ... sector at their fourth annual Conference where founders, investors, innovative practitioners and collaborators ... ELEVATE pitch competition showcasing early stage digital health and med tech companies. , ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... ... 05, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the leading provider of educational and ... giving back to cancer research with a month-long promotion supporting the advancement of breast ... shoppers can use promo code PinkRibbon to get 10 percent off their purchase of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/30/2017)... KONG , March 30, 2017 The ... a system for three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground breaking ... into a new realm of speed and accuracy for use in ... at an affordable cost. ... ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... The report "Video Surveillance Market ... Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and Service (VSaaS, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market was valued ... to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, at a ... year considered for the study is 2016 and the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar 24, 2017 Research and ... Access System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" ... ... to grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the next ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):