For full prescribing information, please visit www.KAPVAY.com.
About Alpha2 Agonists
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) which regulates attention appears to be an important area of the brain affected in patients with ADHD. Specifically, studies suggest that the PFC plays a critical role in impulse control, working memory and executive function. Postsynaptic alpha2-adrenoceptors are one of several biological receptors important for PFC function.
ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that most often occurs in childhood and may continue into adolescence and adulthood. There are three subtypes of ADHD: predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, predominately inattentive, and combined hyperactive-compulsive and inattentive, with the latter being the most common. ADHD symptoms fall under three main categories: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, which can include behaviors such as trouble focusing, frequent daydreaming, excessive talking, fidgeting/squirming, chronic impatience and difficulty waiting their turn, depending on the category.
The cause of ADHD is not yet known. However, research has shown potential links to genetic and environmental factors. While there is no cure for ADHD, the disorder can be managed with a variety of treatments including parental education and training, behavioral therapy and prescription medication.
ADHD is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. In the United States alone, more than 4.5 million children ages 3-17 have been diagnosed, as of 2006. Approximately 3-7 percent of U.S. school-aged children are believed to suffer from this disorder. Boys are also more than twice as likely to be diagnosed (11 percent) as girls (4 percent).
About Shionogi & Co., Ltd.
Headquartered in Osaka, Japan, Shionogi & Co., Ltd. is a major research-driven pharmaceutical company dedicated to placing the
|SOURCE Shionogi Inc.|
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