Navigation Links
Scientists observe how superconducting nanowires lose resistance-free state
Date:9/22/2011

DURHAM, N.C. -- Even with today's invisibility cloaks, people can't walk through walls. But, when paired together, millions of electrons can.

The electrons perform this trick, called macroscopic quantum tunneling, when they pair up and move into a region of space that is normally off-limits under the laws of classical mechanics. The problem is that as millions of electrons collectively move through a superconducting nanowire, they use energy and give off heat.

The heat can build, transforming sections of the wire into a non-superconducting state. The process, called a phase slip, adds resistance to an electrical system and has implications for designing new nano-scale superconductors.

Now, scientists have observed individual phase slips in aluminum nanowires and characterized the nature and temperature at which they occur. This information could help scientists remove phase slips from nano-scale systems, which could lead to more reliable nanowires and more efficient nano-electronics, said Duke physicist Albert Chang.

The results appeared online Sept. 21 in Physical Review Letters.

The macroscopic quantum tunneling effect was first observed in a system called a Josephson junction. This device has a thin insulating layer connecting two superconductors, which are several nanometers wide and have a three-dimensional shape.

To study the tunneling and phase slips in a simpler system, however, Chang and his colleagues used individual, one-dimensional nanowires made of aluminum. The new observations are "arguably the first convincing demonstration of tunneling of millions of electrons in one-dimensional superconducting nanowires," said Chang, who led the study.

In the experiment, the wires ranged in length from 1.5 to 10 micrometers, with widths from five to 10 nanometers. Chang cooled the wires to a temperature close to absolute zero, roughly 1 degree Kelvin or -458 degrees Fahrenheit.

At t
'/>"/>

Contact: Ashley Yeager
ashley.yeager@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology technology :

1. Clemson scientists put a (nano) spring in their step
2. City of Hope Helps KGI Launch New Management Training Program for Scientists
3. University of Pennsylvania scientists move optical computing closer to reality
4. Scientists grow nanonets able to snare added energy transfer
5. The National Cancer Institute Joins the Global Community of Scientists Now Using BIOMARKERcenter From Thomson Reuters
6. Scientists peel away the mystery behind golds catalytic prowess
7. SACHEM Launches 2-D HPLC e-Learning Program : New e-Learning Program Teaches Scientists How to Better Analyze and Prove Product Purity Through Greater Sensitivity and Precision in Identification of Trace Components
8. Vermillion and Stanford Scientists Receive Best Research Award From the PAD Coalition
9. Brewing better beer: Scientists determine the genomic origins of lager yeasts
10. Tengion Scientists Publish Positive Preclinical Findings With Neo-Organ Demonstrating Long-term Durability and Growth With Skeletal Maturation
11. CU scientists create worlds thinnest balloon -- just one atom thick
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2015)... California (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 Pipette.com ... Offer to their comprehensive portfolio of Eppendorf products. ... customers to purchase a Centrifuge 5424/5424 R and receive ... of either Eppendorf Research plus or Eppendorf Reference 2 ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 Diagenode, Inc., a leading ... Bioruptor® and complete solutions for epigenetics research, recently ... alleviating the need for manual processing. The new ... ChIP of histones or transcription factors and a ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: DSCI ... wound care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, amniotic ... to the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting contract ... AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue to ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: BLFS ), a leading ... storage and cryopreservation freeze media and ... or the "Company"), today announced that it will hold its ... "Annual Meeting"). Because the expected date for the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com 2Diagenode Launches Unique Semi-Automated Solution for Chromatin Immunoprecipitation 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5BioLife Solutions Sets Date for Annual Meeting of Stockholders 2
... PALO ALTO, Calif., Oct. 24 Vivo Ventures, a ... that,James Huang will join the firm as an Executive ... Mr. Huang will,work with Vivo,s portfolio companies while enhancing ... James coming on board and what he will be ...
... 24 Cell Therapeutics,Inc. (CTI) (Nasdaq and ... 19th annual AACR-NCI-EORTC Symposium show its bis-platinate ... to currently,marketed platinum agents carboplatin, cisplatin and ... in late 2008. "Bis-platinates represent a ...
... is available in German . , Hydrogen fuel ... have so far suffered from being insufficiently competitive. At the ... Strasser has now developed a new class of electrocatalyst that ... active phase of the catalyst consists of nanoparticles with a ...
Cached Biology Technology:Vivo Ventures Expands Team with the Addition of James Huang as an Executive in Residence 2First New Class of Platinum-Based Chemotherapy Drug Candidates in 30 Years Demonstrate Ability to Kill Tumors Resistant to Currently Marketed Platinum Drugs 2First New Class of Platinum-Based Chemotherapy Drug Candidates in 30 Years Demonstrate Ability to Kill Tumors Resistant to Currently Marketed Platinum Drugs 3Platinum-rich shell, platinum-poor core 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... Jan. 13, 2015  Today, FreeWavz ( www.FreeWavz.com ), ... crowdfunding campaign on Fundable, https://www.fundable.com/freewavz . FreeWavz ... production capacity to meet customer demand. ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150113/168790 Invented by ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015  BellBrook Labs, a leader in high throughput ... of a TR-FRET (time resolved Forster resonance energy ... a high throughput screening assay for glycosyltransferases and ... for sensitive detection of hundreds of human and ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) a biometric authentication company ... of the Wocket™ smart wallet at CES 2015 in Las ... one of the "11 Hot Products at CES" in a review published ... Far" by Newseveryday.com and "The top 10 gadgets from CES 2015" by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FreeWavz Launches on Fundable to Drive Speed-to-Market in 2015 2BellBrook Labs Launches a High Throughput Screening Assay for Glycosyltransferases with TR-FRET Readout 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3
... turfgrass has become increasingly restricted due to environmental ... and industrial consumption; and contamination of potable water ... need to identify promising water conservation strategies and ... In their ongoing search for ways to improve ...
... Washington, D.C. -- Disease statistics buried within patient ... and organized to depict geographic patterns, allowing the discovery ... Penn State geographer. "The use of interactive maps ... to greater insight into complex events like the spread ...
... The ELCC Press Program will feature new study ... (embargoed to time of their presentation at ELCC): ... Pemetrexed plus cisplatin with radiation in patients with locally ... therapeutic combination, Screening for lung cancer in organ transplant ...
Cached Biology News:Common PGR helps creeping bentgrass weather drought 2Visualization of geographic patterns may predict spread of disease 22nd European Lung Cancer Conference 22nd European Lung Cancer Conference 3
VEGF Receptor-2, phospho-specific (Tyr996)...
For the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells tooligodendrocytes....
Preadipocyte factor-1 [Pref-1, DLK-1], C-terminal...
IC50: 35 ng/ml · Limit of detection: 8 ng/ml...
Biology Products: