Navigation Links
Scientists identify mammal model of bladder regeneration
Date:10/25/2012

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. While it is well known that starfish, zebrafish and salamanders can re-grow damaged limbs, scientists understand very little about the regenerative capabilities of mammals. Now, researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center's Institute for Regenerative Medicine report on the regenerative process that enables rats to re-grow their bladders within eight weeks.

In PLOS ONE, a peer-reviewed, online publication, the scientists characterize this unique model of bladder regeneration with the goal of applying what they learn to human patients.

"A better understanding of the regenerative process at the molecular and cellular level is a key to more rapid progress in applying regenerative medicine to help patients," said George Christ, Ph.D., senior researcher and professor of regenerative medicine at Wake Forest Baptist.

In a previous study by Christ's team, research in rats showed that when about 75 percent of the animals' bladders were removed, they were able to regenerate a complete functional bladder within eight weeks. The current study focused on how the regeneration occurs.

"There is very little data on the mechanisms involved in organ regeneration in mammals," said Christ. "To our knowledge, bladder regeneration holds a unique position there is no other mammalian organ capable of this type of regeneration."

The ability of the liver to grow in size when lobes are removed is sometimes referred to as regeneration, but this is a misnomer, said co-author Bryon Petersen, Ph.D., who was a professor of regenerative medicine at Wake Forest Baptist during the period the research occurred. Instead, through a proliferation of cells, the remaining tissue grows to compensate for the lost size. In contrast, the hallmark of true regeneration is following nature's "pattern" to exactly duplicate size, form and function, Petersen said.

"If we can understand the bladder's regenerative process, the hope is that we can prompt the regeneration of other organs and tissues where structure is important from the intestine and spinal cord to the heart," said Petersen.

The current study showed that the animals' bodies responded to the bladder removal by increasing the rate at which certain cells divided and grew. The most notable proliferative response occurred initially in the urothelium, the layer of tissue that lines the bladder.

As the proliferative activity in the bladder lining waned, it continued elsewhere: in the fibrous band (lamina propria) that separates the bladder lining from the bladder muscles and in the bladder muscle itself.

The researchers have several theories about how the process works, said Christ. One possibility is that cells in the bladder lining transition and become a type of stem cell that can proliferate throughout the bladder. Other theories are that cells in the bladder lining signal other cells to replicate and that injury prompts stem cells to arrive through the blood stream to repair the bladder damage.

In future studies, the scientists will work to identify the exact regenerative process and will expand the work into mice. The ability to breed mice that lack specific genes will enable the team to explore how genes and proteins may affect the regenerative process and possibly help identify therapies to prompt regeneration.


'/>"/>
Contact: Karen Richardson
krchrdsn@wakehealth.edu
336-716-4453
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Scientists build mechanically active DNA material
2. GenScript to Synthesize Yeast Genome with Johns Hopkins Scientists
3. Scientists report successful vaccine developed against deadly Nipah virus
4. Worlds smallest semiconductor laser created by University of Texas scientists
5. Scientists read monkeys inner thoughts
6. World record: Scientists from northern Germany produce the lightest material in the world
7. NineSigma Partners with Scientists Without Borders to Find New Sustainable Packaging for Micronutrient Powders that Combat Malnutrition
8. Scripps Research Institute scientists find easier way to make new drug compounds
9. Finding Brings Scientists One Step Closer To Parkinsons Drug
10. Stanford scientists spark new interest in the century-old Edison battery
11. Scientists gain understanding of self-cleaning gecko foot hair
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Morris Midwest ... house for regional manufacturers at its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical center, May 11-12. ... Chiron and Trumpf. Almost 20 leading suppliers of tooling, accessories, software and ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... NSK) (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( Frankfurt : ... ihre Pressemitteilung vom 13. August 2015 die Genehmigung ... Finanzen um zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 Einheiten ... zu bringen. Davon wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit dem ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... A compact ... Emission Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. PET ... treatments in small animal subjects. Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to many ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... Lewis Roca Rothgerber Christie LLP as an associate in the firm’s Intellectual Property ... international electrical, mechanical and electromechanical patent applications. He has an electrical engineering and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/10/2016)... -- --> --> ... Access Management Market by Component (Provisioning, Directory Services, Password ... Size, by Deployment, by Vertical, and by Region - ... is estimated to grow from USD 7.20 Billion in ... Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 12.2% during the ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... HAMBURG, Germany , March 9, 2016 ... African country,s government identified that more than 23,000 public ... name or had been receiving their salary unlawfully.    ... West African country,s government identified that more than 23,000 ... recorded name or had been receiving their salary unlawfully. ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... -- FlexTech, a SEMI Strategic Association Partner, awarded five FLEXI ... Leadership in Education, and, in a category new this ... year of the FLEXI Awards and the winners join ... past years . Judging was done on a set ... by a panel of non-affiliated, independent, industry experts. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):