Navigation Links
Scientists create mammalian cells with single chromosome set
Date:9/7/2011

Researchers have created mammalian cells containing a single set of chromosomes for the first time in research funded by the Wellcome Trust and EMBO. The technique should allow scientists to better establish the relationships between genes and their function.

Mammal cells usually contain two sets of chromosomes one set inherited from the mother, one from the father. The genetic information contained in these chromosome sets helps determine how our bodies develop. Changes in this genetic code can lead to or increase the risk of developing disease.

To understand how our genes function, scientists manipulate the genes in animal models such as the fruit fly, zebrafish and mice and observe the effects of these changes. However, as each cell contains two copies of each chromosome, determining the link between a genetic change and its physical effect or 'phenotype' is immensely complex.

Now, in research published today in the journal Nature, Drs Anton Wutz and Martin Leeb from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Stem Cell Research at the University of Cambridge report a technique which enables them to create stem cells containing just a single set of chromosomes from an unfertilised mouse egg cell. The stem cells can be used to identify mutations in genes that affect the cells' behaviour in culture. In an additional step, the cells can potentially be implanted into the mouse for studying the change in organs and tissues.

The technique has previously been used in zebrafish, but this is the first time it has been successfully used to generate such mammalian stem cells.

Dr Wutz, a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellowship, explains: "These embryonic stem cells are much simpler than normal embryonic mammalian stem cells. Any genetic change we introduce to the single set of chromosomes will have an easy-to-determine effect. This will be useful for exploring in a systematic way the signalling mechanisms within cell and how networks of genes regulate development."

The researchers hope that this technique will help advance mammalian genetics and our understanding of the gene-function relationship in the same way that a similar technique has helped geneticists understand the simpler zebrafish animal model.

Understanding how our genetic make-up functions and how this knowledge can be applied to improve our health is one of the key strategic challenges set out by the Wellcome Trust. Commenting on this new study, Dr Michael Dunn, Head of Molecular and Physiological Sciences at the Wellcome Trust, says:

"This technique will help scientists overcome some of the significant barriers that have so far made studying the functions of genes so difficult. This is often the first step towards understanding why mutations lead to disease and, ultimately, to developing new drugs treatments."


'/>"/>

Contact: Craig Brierley
44-207-611-329
Wellcome Trust
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Clemson scientists put a (nano) spring in their step
2. City of Hope Helps KGI Launch New Management Training Program for Scientists
3. University of Pennsylvania scientists move optical computing closer to reality
4. Scientists grow nanonets able to snare added energy transfer
5. The National Cancer Institute Joins the Global Community of Scientists Now Using BIOMARKERcenter From Thomson Reuters
6. Scientists peel away the mystery behind golds catalytic prowess
7. SACHEM Launches 2-D HPLC e-Learning Program : New e-Learning Program Teaches Scientists How to Better Analyze and Prove Product Purity Through Greater Sensitivity and Precision in Identification of Trace Components
8. Vermillion and Stanford Scientists Receive Best Research Award From the PAD Coalition
9. Brewing better beer: Scientists determine the genomic origins of lager yeasts
10. Tengion Scientists Publish Positive Preclinical Findings With Neo-Organ Demonstrating Long-term Durability and Growth With Skeletal Maturation
11. CU scientists create worlds thinnest balloon -- just one atom thick
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Scientists create mammalian cells with single chromosome set
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... Accredited venture-backed teleradiology and telemedicine company announces at HIMSS 2017 Annual Conference ... planned to be offered via a global cloud-based sharing and collaboration platform ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... NFL players who had repeated head injuries may not have ... a preliminary study released today that will be presented at ... Boston , April 22 to 28, 2017.   ... and nerves work together, like walking, kicking and writing. ... Repeated head ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 19, 2017 , ... ... In recent years, OHAUS Corporation ventured outside of weighing equipment with the goal ... With this vision in mind, the line of Starter water analysis meters were ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... A leader in ... Kong. , Nerium International is proud to introduce its Age-Defying Night Cream, NeriumAD™ ... Formula to consumers across Hong Kong. The luxury skincare products contain innovative ingredients ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:2/10/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ... Scientific and Commercial Aspects" to their offering. ... Biomarkers play ... therapy for selection of treatment as well for monitoring the ... disease in modern medicine. Biochip/microarray technologies and next generation sequencing ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... 8, 2017 About Voice Recognition Biometrics Voice ... it against a stored voiceprint template. Acoustic features ... and tone are compared to distinguish between individual ... as most PCs already have a microphone and ... recognition biometrics are most likely to be deployed ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... YORK , Feb. 7, 2017 Report Highlights ... The ... should reach $11.4 billion by 2021, growing at a compound ... Includes - An overview of the global markets for synthetic ... 2015, estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):