Navigation Links
Researchers measure carbon nanotube interaction
Date:10/16/2007

LIVERMORE, Calif. Carbon nanotubes have been employed for a variety of uses including composite materials, biosensors, nano-electronic circuits and membranes.

While they have proven useful for these purposes, no one really knows much about whats going on at the molecular level. For example, how do nanotubes and chemical functional groups interact with each other on the atomic scale" Answering this question could lead to improvements in future nano devices.

In a quest to find the answer, researchers for the first time have been able to measure a specific interaction for a single functional group with carbon nanotubes using chemical force microscopy a nanoscale technique that measures interaction forces using tiny spring-like sensors. Functional groups are the smallest specific group of atoms within a molecule that determine the characteristic chemical reactions of that molecule.

A recent report by a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers and colleagues found that the interaction strength does not follow conventional trends of increasing polarity or repelling water. Instead, it depends on the intricate electronic interactions between the nanotube and the functional group.

This work pushes chemical force microscopy into a new territory, said Aleksandr Noy, lead author of the paper that appears in the Oct. 14 online issue of the journal, Nature Nanotechnology.

Understanding the interactions between carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and individual chemical functional groups is necessary for the engineering of future generations of sensors and nano devices that will rely on single-molecule coupling between components. Carbon nanotubes are extremely small, which makes it particularly difficult to measure the adhesion force of an individual molecule at the carbon nanotube surface. In the past, researchers had to rely on modeling, indirect measurements and large microscale tests.

But the Livermore team went a step further and smaller to get a more exact measurement. The scientists were able to achieve a true single function group interaction by reducing the probe-nanotube contact area to about 1.3 nanometers (one million nanometers equals one millimeter).

Adhesion force graphs showed that the interaction forces vary significantly from one functionality to the next. To understand these measurements, researchers collaborated with a team of computational chemists who performed ab initio simulations of the interactions of functional groups with the sidewall of a zig-zag carbon nanotube. Calculations showed that there was a strong dependence of the interaction strength on the electronic structure of the interacting molecule/CNT system. To the researchers delight, the calculated interaction forces provided an exact match to the experimental results.

This is the first time we were able to make a direct comparison between an experimental measurement of an interaction and an ab initio calculation for a real-world materials system, Noy said. In the past, there has always been a gap between what we could measure in an experiment and what the computational methods could do. It is exciting to be able to bridge that gap.

This research opens up a new capability for nanoscale materials science. The ability to measure interactions on a single functional group level could eliminate much of the guess work that goes into the design of new nanocomposite materials, nanosensors, or molecular assemblies, which in turn could help in building better and stronger materials, and more sensitive devices and sensors in the future.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Tapping hidden assets: Wisconsin researchers who can create jobs
2. National Academies induct five UW researchers
3. Wisconsin researchers defend stem cell company
4. NimbleGen partners with leading researchers
5. Medical College researchers win federal grants
6. Researchers say scientific reporting needs more perspective, less hype
7. Congress passes bill to ease researchers collaboration worries
8. Researchers report development of embryonic stem cells without destroying embryo
9. New digs for UW AIDS researchers
10. Medical College researchers receive new grants to enhance discovery of heart-protecting anesthetics
11. Cloning ban too broad, stem-cell researchers argue
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016 Q ... the Company,s CEO  was featured in an article ... When VCs Fear To Tread: http://www.lifescienceleader.com/doc/accelerators-enter-when-vcs-fear-to-tread-0001 ... magazine is an essential business journal for ... emerging biotechs to Big Pharmas. Their content is ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... , ... Cambridge Semantics, the leading provider of Smart Data analytic ... been named to The Silicon Review’s “20 Fastest Growing Big Data Companies of 2016.” ... the needs of end users facing some of the most complex data challenges in ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , April ... UTHR ) announced today that Martine Rothblatt , ... will provide an overview and update on the company,s ... Health Care Conference. The presentation will take ... Eastern Time, and can be accessed via a live ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group ... Board. Ross is the founder of GSCG affiliate Kimera Labs in Miami. , In ... studied hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hematologic disorders and the suppression of graft vs. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/3/2016)... MONTEREY, Calif. , March 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Partner, launched this week highlighting advancements in flexible, ... – a record setting attendance - have gathered ... in this fast-growing field of electronics. The Flex ... a focal point for companies, R&D organizations, and ...
(Date:3/2/2016)... 2, 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/cmt3hk/global_biometrics ... "Global Biometrics as a Service Market ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/cmt3hk/global_biometrics ) has announced ... as a Service Market 2016-2020" report ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/cmt3hk/global_biometrics ) has ...
(Date:3/1/2016)... and SAN FRANCISCO , March 1, ... Corp. and BitGo, Inc. extends biometric authentication to the ... private keys. Bitcoin transactions that ... per month in digital assets with over 10,000 transactions ... any startup. HYPR enables enterprises to keep encrypted biometric ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):