Today's industrialized societies are heavily dependent on non-renewable fossil raw materials to provide energy for heating, transportation, and electricity as well as chemical raw materials for various industries. With the economic growth of newly industrialized countries, the key aim is to use resources no faster than they can regenerate themselves and releasing pollutants to no greater extent than natural resources can assimilate them . The change from a fossil-based supply chain to a biobased raw material supply chain will require work in the domains of biosynthetic and photosynthetic processes, isolation, conversion and purification processes as well as biodegradation processes. New processes and applications for existing renewable raw materials as well as waste conversion into raw materials as in self-sufficient ecospheres will be of major interest. Also, substantial fraction of the pharmaceuticals that are currently in use for clinical treatments are of natural product origin with a significant number being produced by microbes. Complex three-dimensional structures from Nature's selection process for optimized activity towards a biological target might be an inexpensive supply of raw materials for the semi synthesis of new medicines.
As one of the key components of the biobased economy, industrial biotechnology contributes to national economies through wealth creation and sustainability. From biofuels to enzymes to bioplastics, the products and processes of industrial biotechnology are the building blocks of the new national economies. This article outlines the footprint of the Canadian biobased economy and situates it in an international context.
In this report we present the most recent selected research and technology activities pertaining to biotechnology, bioprocessing, bioplastics, food and industrial applications of carbohydrates. We also present list of selected patents from 2003 to 2010 a
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