Navigation Links
Removal of hexavalent chromium from your drinking water
Date:2/16/2011

The only way to learn if your water source has hexavalent chromium is to check with your public water supplier and request a water quality report, said NJIT Professor Taha Marhaba, a civil/environmental engineer. Most municipal or city engineers should be able to provide such a report upon request. Additional information specifically about hexavalent chromium levels may also be available.

"In general, hexavalent chromium can be found in either surface or groundwater sources and its source can be either natural or man-made industrial operations that have used chromium," Marhaba said. "The best way to remove this and other known and un-known contaminants from the water supply to a residence is to install a five-stage reverse osmosis home unit. They cost about $300. If you have your own well, I would advise testing for hexavalent chromium."

Marhaba, http://www.njit.edu/news/experts/marhaba.php , is a professor and chair of the department of civil and environmental engineering and director of the New Jersey Applied Water Research Center at NJIT. His expertise in water quality most notably has developed what is known as the spectral fluorescent signatures (SFS) technique, which is used to rapidly identify organics in waterorganics that could be problematic. The SFS acts like a fingerprint of water, characterizing its organic content and allowing researchers to see if the water contains natural or unnatural sources. Most importantly, the SFS allows researchers to determine the organic character of watersheds and to check the water quality.

Chromium is an inorganic metallic element that is odorless and tasteless. It is found naturally in rocks, plants, soil and volcanic dust, humans and animals. The most common forms of chromium in the environment are trivalent (chromium +3), which has relative low toxicity and occurs naturally in many vegetables, fruits, meats, grains and yeast, and hexavalent (chromium +6). Trivalent chromium can be oxidized and dissolved through natural processes, leading to hazardous levels of aqueous hexavalent chromium in surface and groundwater.

The latter, which is more toxic and poses potential health risks to people, has been shown to cause allergic dermatitis in people who over many years use water containing water with a total chromium level in excess of the recommended maximum contaminant level (MCL). It can be found in the compounds salt sodium dichromate, chromium trioxide and various salts of chromate and dichromate. Hexavalent chromium is used for the production of stainless steel, wood preservation, textile dyes, leather tanning, and as anti-corrosion coatings.

Marhaba noted that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set a Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) for total chromium at 0.1 mg/L or 100 parts per billion (ppb). This level was set at a level below which there were no adverse health effects on humans. The EPA has set an enforceable regulation for chromium (total), called a maximum contaminant level (MCL), at 0.1 mg/L or 100 ppb. MCLs are set as close to the health goals as possible, considering cost, benefits and the ability of public water systems to detect and remove contaminants using suitable treatment technologies. In the case of chromium (total), the MCL equals the MCLG, because analytical methods or treatment technology do not pose any limitation. It should be noted that EPA still does not have an enforceable MCL for the more toxic form of chromium (i.e. hexavalent).

The EPA has set the following "best available technologies" for the removal of chromium (total) to below 0.1 mg/L or 100 ppb: a) coagulation/filtration, (b) ion exchange, (c) lime softening, and (d) reverse osmosis membrane processes. All these technologies are generally applied in large scale or at "point of treatment". However, there are "point of use" home units that have ion exchange and reverse osmosis processes that can remove chromium below the MCL.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sheryl Weinstein
sheryl.m.weinstein@njit.edu
973-596-3436
New Jersey Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Bion Announces Approval of New U.S. Patent for Phosphorus Removal Process for Livestock Waste Environmental Treatment
2. BioNeutral Signs Agreement With a Non-profit for Long-Term Removal of Formaldehyde to Save 10,000 Mobile Homes in Louisiana
3. States First Single Incision Robotic Kidney Removal Performed at Henry Ford Hospital
4. Genomma Lab Reaffirms Zero Ownership Stake in the Laser Hair Removal Chains Neoskin and Depilite
5. Quest PharmaTech Announces Results Showing its Photosensitizer, SL052, is an Effective Immuno-Stimulant when combined with Immunotherapy for the Removal of Solid Tumors
6. EFSA Issues Positive Safety Statement for the Use of Chromium Picolinate in EU Food Supplements
7. Reportlinker Adds Chromium - Global Market Trends
8. Safety in Drinking Water? Monitoring for Radioactive Contaminants Only Required Every Three, Six, or Nine Years per Federal Law
9. Waters Brings Advanced Laboratory Data Management to Microsofts BioIT Alliance
10. Water purification down the nanotubes
11. Water Street Health Care Partners Completes Agreement With Gentiva Health Services to Acquire Majority Ownership of CareCentrix
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... treasurer for the Mid-Atlantic chapter of the Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association (HBA). ... The HBA Mid-Atlantic chapter board meets in person once each quarter and holds ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... As Ebola resurfaces in the Democratic ... suspected cases now reported, a new analysis of the Ebola ... correlation between the 2014 and 2017 outbreaks of the disease.  ... 2012-13, which preceded the 2014 outbreak. An analysis of the ... counts in 2014-15, which again precedes the current outbreak in ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... NetDimensions ... in the Aragon Research Globe™ for Corporate Learning, 2017. , Aragon Research defines ... market demand, and effectively perform against those strategies. NetDimensions’ ranking as a Leader ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Bacterial biofilms, surface adherent communities of bacteria that ... ranging from food poisoning and catheter infections to gum disease and the rejection of ... billions of dollars per year, there is currently a paucity of means for preventing ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 The report "Gesture Recognition and ... Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. Continue ... ... ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017 Vigilant ... company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today the appointment ... as director of public safety business development. ... law enforcement experience, including a focus on the aviation ... his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served as the ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... HAMBURG, Germany , March 13, 2017 Future of ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match ... characteristics forms the basis to identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):