Navigation Links
Quantum computing has applications in magnetic imaging, say Pitt researchers
Date:12/19/2011

Quantum computing -- considered the powerhouse of computational tasks -- may have applications in areas outside of pure electronics, according to a University of Pittsburgh researcher and his collaborators.

Working at the interface of quantum measurement and nanotechnology, Gurudev Dutt, assistant professor in Pitt's Department of Physics and Astronomy in the Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences, and his colleagues report their findings in a paper published online Dec. 18 in Nature Nanotechnology. The paper documents important progress towards realizing a nanoscale magnetic imager comprising single electrons encased in a diamond crystal.

"Think of this like a typical medical procedurea Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)but on single molecules or groups of molecules inside cells instead of the entire body. Traditional MRI techniques don't work well with such small volumes, so an instrument must be built to accommodate such high-precision work," says Dutt.

However, a significant challenge arose for researchers working on the problem of building such an instrument: How does one measure a magnetic field accurately using the resonance of the single electrons within the diamond crystal? Resonance is defined as an object's tendency to oscillate with higher energy at a particular frequency, and occurs naturally all around us: for example, with musical instruments, children on swings, and pendulum clocks. Dutt says that resonances are particularly powerful because they allow physicists to make sensitive measurements of quantities like force, mass, and electric and magnetic fields. "But they also restrict the maximum field that one can measure accurately."

In magnetic imaging, this means that physicists can only detect a narrow range of fields from molecules near the sensor's resonant frequency, making the imaging process more difficult.

"It can be done," says Dutt, "but it requires very sophisticated image processing and other techniques to understand what one is imaging. Essentially, one must use software to fix the limitations of hardware, and the scans take longer and are harder to interpret."

Duttworking with postdoctoral researcher Ummal Momeen and PhD student Naufer Nusran (A&S'08 G), both in Pitt's Department of Physics and Astronomyhas used quantum computing methods to circumvent the hardware limitation to view the entire magnetic field. By extending the field, the Pitt researchers have improved the ratio between maximum detectable field strength and field precision by a factor of 10 compared to the standard technique used previously. This puts them one step closer toward a future nanoscale MRI instrument that could study properties of molecules, materials, and cells in a noninvasive way, displaying where atoms are located without destroying them; current methods employed for this kind of study inevitably destroy the samples.

"This would have an immediate impact on our understanding of these molecules, materials, or living cells and potentially allow us to create better technologies," says Dutt.

These are only the initial results, says Dutt, and he expects further improvements to be made with additional research: "Our work shows that quantum computing methods reach beyond pure electronic technologies and can solve problems that, earlier, seemed to be fundamental roadblocks to making progress with high-precision measurements."


'/>"/>
Contact: B. Rose Huber
rhuber@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Light touch: Controlling the behavior of quantum dots
2. First tunable, noiseless amplifier may boost quantum computing, communications
3. Memoirs of a qubit: Hybrid memory solves key problem for quantum computing
4. Stanford: Quantum computing spins closer
5. U of T physicists squeeze light to quantum limit
6. Researchers measure elusive repulsive force from quantum fluctuations
7. Smallest ever quantum dots bring real world applications closer
8. Quantum dots and nanomaterials: Ingredients for better lighting and more reliable power
9. Nanosys Licenses Nanowire Technology to QuantuMDx Group for Next Generation Diagnostic and Sequencing Technologies
10. Evidence of macroscopic quantum tunneling detected in nanowires
11. Scientists create first electronic quantum processor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... A compact PET scanner called NuPET™ has ... Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. PET and MRI are complementary imaging ... Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to many challenges that face researchers who ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 27, 2016 ReportsnReports.com adds ... specific focus on US, EU, China ... to the healthcare business intelligence collection of its ... Complete report on the Flow Cytometry market spread ... with 282 tables and figures is now available ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Heidelberg Instruments, a leader in design, development ... Volume Pattern Generator (VPG) line of lithography systems. The breakthrough VPG+ system is ... a solution for mid volume direct write lithography applications. It utilizes the ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... ... of a significant operating grant from 1Plus12 Corporation. The grant will be used ... activities as outlined on the organization's website http://www.ivsci.org , In accounting ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/13/2016)... CHICAGO , April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians ... are setting a new clinical standard in telehealth ... By leveraging the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can ... weight, pulse and body mass index, and, when they ... quick and convenient visit to a local retail location ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... 31, 2016  Genomics firm Nabsys has completed a ... Barrett Bready , M.D., who returned to the company ... technical leadership team, including Chief Technology Officer, John ... Steve Nurnberg and Vice President of Software and Informatics, ... Dr. Bready served as CEO of Nabsys ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... March 23, 2016 ... Sicherheit Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern ... (NASDAQ: MESG ), ein führender Anbieter ... Unternehmen mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen ... wird die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):