Navigation Links
Pizza tossing art unlocks secrets of tiny motors
Date:4/27/2009

Monash University scientists have unlocked the physics of the perfect pizza toss and will use it to design the next generation of micro motors thinner that a human hair.

Mr Daniel (Kuang-Chen) Liu, a PhD student supervised by Associate Professor James Friend and Senior Lecturer Leslie Yeo, videotaped a professional pizza tosser at work. The team from Monash's Micro/Nanophysics Research Laboratory, then calculated how best to describe the way the dough travels through the air including how much the dough rotates, how quickly it spins, its stability and the energy efficiency of the toss itself.

The result is a set of nonlinear differential equations that captures the art of pizza tossing.

"In brief, if you toss a pizza dough one toss at a time that is, if you toss then catch your hands should move in a helical fashion, like they are moving along a spiral, a curved line laid along a cylinder," Associate Professor Friend said.

"If you are tossing the pizza continuously, not stopping to catch it and stop every time, then your hands should move in circles."

The model could help researchers to design the next generation of standing wave ultrasonic motors (SWUMs), which operate on similar principles as pizza tossing.

The tiny motors have the potential to be used for minimally invasive neuro-microsurgery. In these electric motors, the fixed component, the stator, is made to vibrate ultrasonically, and this causes the moveable part, the disc-like rotor, to be "tossed" both rotated and lifted.

"The SWUM works exactly like a pizza chef tossing dough, with the hands representing the vibrating stator of the SWUM and the dough representing the rotor. The difference is only in the details: a chef tosses dough, about once a second, a few tens of centimetres into the air. A SWUM tosses the rotor a few million times a second into the air," Associate Professor Friend said.

He said scientists around the world have been using trial and error to make variations of the SWUMs, and while they might have worked, there had not been a thorough understanding of the forces involved until now.

"Some of the maths are a bit tricky," Dr Friend said. "The most puzzling questions with SWUMs are answered in this study. We think that further investigation of the work will prove fruitful for the understanding and design of SWUMs."

The scientists are the same principals who recently developed the world's smallest useful motor, only a quarter of a millimetre wide, that could be used in the propulsion system of miniature machines to swim through the bloodstream to inaccessible places, potentially revolutionising future surgical procedures.


'/>"/>

Contact: Associate Professor James Friend
61-409-404-614
Monash University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. DNA Study Unlocks Mystery to Diverse Traits in Dogs
2. Cracking the Code: Exclusive Conference to Reveal Secrets of Chinese Pharmaceutical Industry
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... During HIMSS 2017, CloudMine, a secure, cloud-based ... partnership with Redox, a leader in cloud-based healthcare integration and API services. The ... data secure in the cloud. , The digital health developers, and various healthcare ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , ... February 21, 2017 , ... The medical potential ... their use, in multiple areas of medicine, due to their differentiating characteristics. Stem cells ... they have the ability to be induced to become tissue or organic-specific cells with ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... VANCOUVER, British Columbia , Feb. 21, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... that apatorsen results from two randomized Phase 2 clinical trials ... 2017 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, held February 16 th - 18 ... from trials in bladder and prostate cancers demonstrated apatorsen was ... standard-of-care treatments. ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , Feb. 21, 2017   Invitae Corporation ... information companies, today announced that members of the company,s ... 37th Annual Health Care Conference on Monday, March 6, ... Pacific in Boston, Massachusetts . ... may be accessed by visiting the investors section of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:2/16/2017)... 16, 2017  Genos, a community for personal ... has received Laboratory Accreditation from the College of ... to laboratories that meet stringent requirements around quality, ... processes. "Genos is committed to maintaining ... We,re honored to be receiving CAP accreditation," said ...
(Date:2/10/2017)... Feb 10, 2017 Research and ... "Personalized Medicine - Scientific and Commercial Aspects" to ... ... Diagnosis is integrated with therapy for selection of treatment as ... detection and prevention of disease in modern medicine. Biochip/microarray technologies ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... , Feb. 7, 2017 Report Highlights ... The global ... reach $11.4 billion by 2021, growing at a compound annual ... - An overview of the global markets for synthetic biology. ... estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):