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Phase III Randomised Controlled Trial Confirms Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Radioembolisation Using 90Y-resin Microspheres for Patients With Inoperable Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases That Have Failed Chemotherapy
Date:8/19/2010

ioembolisation plus 5FU (hazard ratio 0.38; p=0.003). The time to progression of disease anywhere in the body was also significantly longer, from a median of 2.1 months in the 5FU control arm to 4.5 months in patients in the radioembolisation/5FU arm (hazard ratio 0.51; p=0.03). Control of liver metastases was also significantly increased in patients receiving radioembolisation plus 5FU, from 35% to 85% (p=0.001). More patients in the 5FU-only control arm experienced severe side effects than those receiving radioembolisation plus 5FU (26% versus 5%; p=0.10).

The ability to show a difference in the overall survival of patients was blunted by the ethical design of the study, since patients receiving 5FU alone were reassessed once their cancer progressed, and, if possible, were treated with radioembolisation alone. Ten patients in the control arm later received radioembolisation and 6 received further chemotherapy, as did 9 patients in the radioembolisation plus 5FU group. Median overall survival was 7.3 months in the patients receiving 5FU alone, compared to 10.0 months in patients receiving radioembolisation plus 5FU, a difference that was not statistically significant.

"The combination of radioembolisation using 90Y-resin microspheres and 5FU chemotherapy was well tolerated and significantly improves the outcomes for patients compared with 5FU alone," said Dr Alain Hendlisz, chief of the gastroenterology unit at Institut Jules Bordet in Brussels, Belgium, and lead investigator of the trial. "The results of this randomised controlled trial provide Level 1 evidence that radioembolisation with 90Y-resin microspheres is a valid therapeutic option for patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases that have failed chemotherapy."

Large international randomised controlled trials are currently evaluating the effectiveness of radioembolisation using 90Y-resin microspheres with first-line chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with colorectal canc
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