Navigation Links
Penn material scientists turn light into electrical current using a golden nanoscale system
Date:2/12/2010

PHILADELPHIA - Material scientists at the Nano/Bio Interface Center of the University of Pennsylvania have demonstrated the transduction of optical radiation to electrical current in a molecular circuit. The system, an array of nano-sized molecules of gold, respond to electromagnetic waves by creating surface plasmons that induce and project electrical current across molecules, similar to that of photovoltaic solar cells.

The results may provide a technological approach for higher efficiency energy harvesting with a nano-sized circuit that can power itself, potentially through sunlight. Recently, surface plasmons have been engineered into a variety of light-activated devices such as biosensors.

It is also possible that the system could be used for computer data storage. While the traditional computer processor represents data in binary form, either on or off, a computer that used such photovoltaic circuits could store data corresponding to wavelengths of light.

Because molecular compounds exhibit a wide range of optical and electrical properties, the strategies for fabrication, testing and analysis elucidated in this study can form the basis of a new set of devices in which plasmon-controlled electrical properties of single molecules could be designed with wide implications to plasmonic circuits and optoelectronic and energy-harvesting devices.

Dawn Bonnell, a professor of materials science and the director of the Nano/Bio Interface Center at Penn, and colleagues fabricated an array of light sensitive, gold nanoparticles, linking them on a glass substrate. Minimizing the space between the nanoparticles to an optimal distance, researchers used optical radiation to excite conductive electrons, called plasmons, to ride the surface of the gold nanoparticles and focus light to the junction where the molecules are connected. The plasmon effect increases the efficiency of current production in the molecule by a factor of 400 to 2000 percent, which can then be transported through the network to the outside world.

In the case where the optical radiation excites a surface plasmon and the nanoparticles are optimally coupled, a large electromagnetic field is established between the particles and captured by gold nanoparticles. The particles then couple to one another, forming a percolative path across opposing electrodes. The size, shape and separation can be tailored to engineer the region of focused light. When the size, shape and separation of the particles are optimized to produce a "resonant" optical antennae, enhancement factors of thousands might result.

Furthermore, the team demonstrated that the magnitude of the photoconductivity of the plasmon-coupled nanoparticles can be tuned independently of the optical characteristics of the molecule, a result that has significant implications for future nanoscale optoelectronic devices.

"If the efficiency of the system could be scaled up without any additional, unforeseen limitations, we could conceivably manufacture a one-amp, one-volt sample the diameter of a human hair and an inch long," Bonnell said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jordan Reese
jreese@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. New material absorbs, conserves oil
2. An easy way to see the worlds thinnest material
3. Metamaterials could reduce friction in nanomachines
4. Water droplets direct self-assembly process in thin-film materials
5. £4.9 million to develop metamaterials for invisibility cloaks and perfect lenses
6. LANL Roadrunner simulates nanoscale material failure
7. New material could boost data storage, save energy
8. Tiny test tube experiment shows reaction of melting materials at the nano scale
9. Zeus: Dedicated to Advancing Biomaterial Technology with Enhanced Capabilities
10. EPA announces research strategy to study nanomaterials
11. Reportlinker Adds Nanoporous Materials Report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Penn material scientists turn light into electrical current using a golden nanoscale system
(Date:12/9/2016)... -- According to a new market research report "Oligonucleotide ... Equipment), Application (Research, PCR, Gene, DNA, NGS, Diagnostic, RNAI), End user ... global market is expected to reach USD 2.20 Billion by 2021 ... during the forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 This report analyzes the worldwide markets for ... (Humic, Amino, & Fulvic), Extract Based, and Others. The report ... Ornamental & Turf, Row Crops, and Others. The report provides ... , Japan , Europe ... , and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- OncoSec Medical Incorporated ("OncoSec") (NASDAQ: ONCS ... today announced financial results for the fiscal first ... on our commitment to address an unmet medical ... pleased with the early clinical response data presented ... focused on advancing our lead program – ImmunoPulse® ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... AskLinkerReports.com has published a report on ... Industry 2016 Market Research Report. From a basic outline of ... are all covered in the report. This report projects investment ... of the Amyloglucosidase industry. ... , , Complete ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:12/5/2016)... , Dec. 5, 2016  The Office ... today published "Can CT Scans Enhance or Replace ... the potential of supporting or replacing forensic autopsies ... CT scan. In response to recommendations ... is exploring using CT scans as a potential ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 1, 2016   SoftServe , ... BioLock , an electrocardiogram (ECG) biosensor analysis ... a key IoT asset. The smart system ensures ... vehicle,s steering wheel and mobile devices to easily ... As vehicle technology advances, so too ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  higi SH ... new partnership initiative targeting national brands, industry thought-leaders ... reward their respective audiences for taking steps to ... its inception in 2012, higi has built the ... impacting over 38 million people who have conducted ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):