About the DNA Profiles Used in the CODIS Database
Similar to fingerprints, DNA profiles can be catalogued in a criminal justice database and DNA recovered from crime scene evidence can then be matched to profiles in the DNA database to identify possible suspects. The confidentiality of individual genetic profiles included in criminal justice databases for purposes other than confirming identity is not at risk since the DNA profiles that are produced for law enforcement purposes are only suitable for confirming identity, not for assessing other attributes of the individual. This reflects the fact that the DNA identity markers used for CODIS testing are specifically selected to preclude testing for any genetic markers that might contain information about an individual's health, susceptibility to medical conditions or other genetically linked traits.
About the CODIS Database
CODIS, the Combined DNA Index System, is the U.S. forensic DNA database system that includes a criminal offender database of DNA profiles, a forensic case evidence database from criminal evidence in unsolved crimes, a database of DNA profiles from unidentified decedents found by law enforcement, and a database of parents and relatives of missing persons. CODIS is a pyramid of local criminal offender and forensic case evidence databases maintained by local police crime labs (LDIS), state controlled databases (SDIS), and a single federal database which is called the National DNA Indexing System (or NDIS). Today, over 170 public law enforcement laboratories participate in NDIS across the United States. More information about CODIS can be found at http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/html/codis1.htm. For more information on the status of DNA testing legislation in the U.S., see http://www.DNAResource.com.
About Orchid Cellmark
|SOURCE Orchid Cellmark Inc.|
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved