Navigation Links
ORNL experiments prove nanoscale metallic conductivity in ferroelectrics
Date:1/9/2012

OAK RIDGE, Tenn -- The prospect of electronics at the nanoscale may be even more promising with the first observation of metallic conductance in ferroelectric nanodomains by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Ferroelectric materials, which switch their polarization with the application of an electric field, have long been used in devices such as ultrasound machines and sensors. Now, discoveries about ferroelectrics' electronic properties are opening up possibilities of applications in nanoscale electronics and information storage.

In a paper published in the American Chemical Society's Nano Letters, the ORNL-led team demonstrated metallic conductivity in a ferroelectric film that otherwise acts as an insulator. This phenomenon of an insulator-metal transition was predicted more than 40 years ago by theorists but has eluded experimental proof until now.

"This finding unambiguously identifies a new conduction channel that percolates through the insulating matrix of the ferroelectric, which opens potentially exciting possibilities to 'write' and 'erase' circuitry with nanoscale dimensions," said lead author Peter Maksymovych of ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences.

From an applied perspective, the ability to use only an electric field as a knob that tunes both the magnitude of metallic conductivity in a ferroelectric and the type of charge carriers is particularly intriguing. Doing the latter in a semiconductor would require a change of the material composition.

"Not only can we turn on metallic conductivity, but if you keep changing the bias dials, you can control the behavior very precisely," Maksymovych said. "And the smaller the nanodomain, the better it conducts. All this occurs in the exact same position of the material, and we can go from an insulator to a better metal or a worse metal in a heartbeat or faster. This is potentially attractive for applications, and it also leads to interesting fundamental questions about the exact mechanism of metallic conductivity."

Although the researchers focused their study on a well-known ferroelectric film called lead-zirconate titanate, they expect their observations will hold true for a broader array of ferroelectric materials.

"We also anticipate that extending our studies onto multiferroics, mixed-phase and anti-ferroelectrics will reveal a whole family of previously unknown electronic properties, breaking new ground in fundamentals and applications alike," said co-author and ORNL senior scientist Sergei Kalinin.


'/>"/>
Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. BioSpace Partners with Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) to Offer Peer-Reviewed Scientific Video Content on BioSpace.com
2. NASA Sets Briefing on New Space Station Science Experiments
3. INTERCIM Received a New Patent for a Non-statistical Approach for "Design of Experiments" and the Iterative Discovery of an Explanatory Model
4. QinetiQ North America and NASA Advance Space Travel with First Forward Osmosis Experiments in Microgravity
5. CardioWest™ Artificial Heart Approved For Highest Reimbursement in CMS History : Plus Up To $53,000 New Technology Add-on Payments
6. Zemea Propanediol Approved as a Natural Ingredient by ECOCERT
7. Dendreon Initiates Second of Two New Phase 2 Trials of PROVENGE for Prostate Cancer
8. Self-assembling polymer arrays improve data storage potential
9. USDA Approves Syngenta and John Deere for Broadened Biotechnology Endorsement for Corn Crop Insurance
10. FDA Approves ALOXI(R) (Palonosetron HCl) Capsules for Prevention of Acute Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting
11. Beaumont Doctors Invention Improves Cataract Surgery Outcomes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... 09, 2017 , ... The award-winning American Farmer television series will feature 3 ... airs Tuesdays at 8:30aET on RFD-TV. , With global population estimates nearing ten ... to continue to feed a growing nation. At the same time, many of our ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 09, ... ... published on October 5, 2017, in the medical journal, Epilepsia, Brain Sentinel’s ... the gold standard, video EEG, in detecting generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) using ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... Oct. 6, 2017  The 2017 Nobel Prize ... scientists, Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and ... cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) have helped to ... structural biology community. The winners worked with systems ... routinely produce highly resolved, three-dimensional images of protein ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... ... October 05, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the leading provider of educational ... is giving back to cancer research with a month-long promotion supporting the advancement of ... 31, shoppers can use promo code PinkRibbon to get 10 percent off their purchase ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/11/2017)... Apr. 11, 2017 Research and Markets has ... report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at a CAGR of ... Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth ... market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , ... server component of the HYPR platform is officially ... end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune ... already secured over 15 million users across the financial ... connected home product suites and physical access represent a ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... -- The research team of The Hong Kong Polytechnic ... by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching technology, ... accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security of ... ... A research team led by Dr ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):