Navigation Links
Not your average heat shield

WASHINGTON, March 26In a new approach to invisibility cloaking, a team of French researchers has proposed isolating or cloaking objects from sources of heatessentially "thermal cloaking." This method, which the researchers describe in the Optical Society's (OSA) open-access journal Optics Express, taps into some of the same principles as optical cloaking and may lead to novel ways to control heat in electronics and, on an even larger scale, might someday prove useful for spacecraft and solar technologies.

Recent advances in invisibility cloaks are based on the physics of transformation optics, which involves metamaterials and bending light so that it propagates around a space rather than through it. Sebastien Guenneau, affiliated with both the University of Aix-Marseille and France's Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CRNS), decided to investigate, with CRNS colleagues, whether a similar approach might be possible for thermal diffusion.

"Our key goal with this research was to control the way heat diffuses in a manner similar to those that have already been achieved for waves, such as light waves or sound waves, by using the tools of transformation optics," says Guenneau.

Though this technology uses the same fundamental theories as recent advances in optical cloaking, there is a key difference. Until now, he explains, cloaking research has revolved around manipulating trajectories of waves. These include electromagnetic (light), pressure (sound), elastodynamic (seismic), and hydrodynamic (ocean) waves. The biggest difference in their study of heat, he points out, is that the physical phenomenon involved is diffusion, not wave propagation.

"Heat isn't a waveit simply diffuses from hot to cold regions," Guenneau says. "The mathematics and physics at play are much different. For instance, a wave can travel long distances with little attenuation, whereas temperature usually diffuses over smaller distances."

To create their thermal invisibility cloak, Guenneau and colleagues applied the mathematics of transformation optics to equations for thermal diffusion and discovered that their idea could work.

In their two-dimensional approach, heat flows from a hot to a cool object with the magnitude of the heat flux through any region in space represented by the distance between isotherms (concentric rings of diffusivity). They then altered the geometry of the isotherms to make them go around rather than through a circular region to the right of the heat sourceso that any object placed in this region can be shielded from the flow of heat (see image).

"We can design a cloak so that heat diffuses around an invisibility region, which is then protected from heat. Or we can force heat to concentrate in a small volume, which will then heat up very rapidly," Guenneau says.

The ability to shield an area from heat or to concentrate it are highly desirable traits for a wide range of applications. Shielding nanoelectronic and microelectronic devices from overheating, for example, is one of the biggest challenges facing the electronics and semiconductor industries, and an area in which thermal cloaking could have a huge impact. On a larger scale and far into the future, large computers and spacecraft could also benefit greatly. And in terms of concentrating heat, this is a characteristic that the solar industry should find intriguing.

Guenneau and colleagues are now working to develop prototypes of their thermal cloaks for microelectronics, which they expect to have ready within the next few months.


Contact: Sarah Cogan
Optical Society of America

Related biology technology :

1. Oncologists Visit Pharma Sites and Post Professional Content Online More Frequently than the Average Physician
2. VIVUS Announces Positive Results From Two Phase 3 Studies; Obese Patients on Qnexa Achieve Average Weight Loss up to 14.7% and Significant Improvements in Co-Morbidities
3. SleepQuest Compliance Again Doubles Industry Average
4. PAREXEL Consulting Quantifies Speed to Market: First-Cycle Approval for NME Produces $640 Million in Incremental Revenue on Average
5. Agendia Signs Contract with Blue Shield of California
6. Minimally Invasive Devices, Inc. Announces Release of FloShield™ PLUS
7. Shield Therapeutics Initiates AEGIS 1 and AEGIS 2 Phase 3 Studies of ST10
8. Cord Blood America Enters Agreement With Regence, Serving BlueCross and BlueShield Programs in the Northwest U.S. and Mountain Regions
9. TCT 2009 to Feature vProtect(TM) Luminal Shield, a Novel Treatment Designed for Soft Coronary Lesions from Prescient Medical
10. vProtect(TM) Luminal Shield Stabilizes Life-Threatening Plaque
11. SyntheMed Announces FDA Clearance of SinusShield(TM)
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Not your average heat shield
(Date:11/24/2015)... FRANCISCO , Nov. 24, 2015  Twist ... announced that Emily Leproust, Ph.D., Twist Bioscience chief ... Jaffray Healthcare Conference on December 1, 2015 at ... Hotel in New York City. --> ... . Twist Bioscience is on Twitter. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... InSphero AG, the leading supplier ... models, has promoted Melanie Aregger to serve as Chief Operating Officer. , ... the management team and was promoted to Head of InSphero Diagnostics in ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 /CNW Telbec/ - ProMetic Life Sciences Inc. (TSX: PLI) ... Pierre Laurin , President and Chief Executive Officer of ... Piper Jaffray 27 th Annual Healthcare Conference to be ... 2015. st , at 8.50am (ET) and ... the day. The presentation will be available live via a ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 HemoShear Therapeutics, LLC, a privately ... metabolic disorders, announced today the appointment of ... Directors (BOD). Mr. Watkins is the former president ... (HGS), and also served as the chairman of ... , Chairman and CEO of HemoShear Therapeutics. "The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:11/12/2015)... --  Growing need for low-cost, easy to use, ... the way for use of biochemical sensors for ... clinical, agricultural, environmental, food and defense applications. Presently, ... applications, however, their adoption is increasing in agricultural, ... on improving product quality and growing need to ...
(Date:11/9/2015)... , Nov. 09, 2015 ... the addition of the "Global Law ... their offering. --> ) ... "Global Law Enforcement Biometrics Market 2015-2019" ... Research and Markets ( ) has ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015   MedNet Solutions , ... entire spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce ... Tech Association (MHTA) as one of only three finalists ... "Software – Small and Growing" category. The Tekne Awards honor ... have shown superior technology innovation and leadership. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):