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New unifying theory of lasers advanced by physicists
Date:5/27/2008

d the wavelengths of light it puts out. With conventional lasers, these modes can easily be obtained through simulations.

For random lasers, time-dependent simulations are difficult to do, hard to interpret, and don't answer the question: What is the nature of the lasing modes in a random laser, according to Stone. Researchers really wanted a description similar to that for conventional lasers, but no one knew how to develop such a description.

To create their unifying theory, the researchers derived a wholly new set of non-linear equations that fit both conventional and non-conventional lasers such as the DRL or other nanostructured lasers. Based on these equations Stone, his former PhD student Hakan Tureci, now at ETH Zurich, and two other members of Stones research group, Li Ge and Stefan Rotter, created a detailed computer code that can predict all the important properties of any kind of laser from simple inputs.

The state of laser theory after forty years was an embarrassment; it was essentially qualitative, but not predictive or quantitative, says Stone. We went back to the basics and we think we have now solved that problem.

A Perspective review of the theory in the same issue of Science noted, By developing a new theory in which the main properties of a laser can be physically understood . . . they have provided a substantially broader perspective of laser physics that unifies the physical description of many possible laser structures.

Ultimately, we hope that our code can be used as a design tool for new classes of micro- and nano-lasers with important applications says Stone, who also believes that eventually their theory will become part of the answer to the question: How does a laser work"


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Contact: Janet Rettig Emanuel
janet.emanuel@yale.edu
203-432-2157
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert  

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