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New technology could inspire brain implant for detecting and treating seizures
Date:6/1/2011

well as investigating the underlying mechanisms within neuronal cells.

The researchers coated PPy, containing all of the necessary neurochemicals, onto an MEA. Whilst positioned on the cultured rat brain, the polymer was electrically stimulated, causing the neurochemicals to dissociate and diffuse away to the necessary locations.

Results showed that the drugs retained their activity and function with spatial and temporal precision.

Current state-of-the-art drug delivery methods, such as picospritzer and ionotopheriesis, give researchers a greater understanding of cellular mechanisms of neural dynamics; however, both of these techniques are limited to a few sites and face the risk of drug leakage.

By having the required neurochemicals dissociate from the polymer, this technique avoids the need for an external reservoir containing the drug, which would greatly increase the size of a potential implant and could cause tissue damage.

Professor Cui continues, "By directly loading a drug of interest onto an individual electrode site and using an electrical signal to trigger its release, we can precisely control the drug delivery site with ease. Additionally, our technology can be used for a combination of exogenous chemicals such as subtype-specific receptor antagonists, thus potentially allowing for more precise dissection of neural circuit function at the molecular level."


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Contact: Michael Bishop
michael.bishop@iop.org
44-117-930-1032
Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

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