Navigation Links
New technique produces genetically identical stem cells
Date:7/1/2008

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (July 1, 2008) Adult cells of mice created from genetically reprogrammed cellsso-called induced pluripotent stem (IPS) stem cellscan be triggered via drug to enter an embryonic-stem-cell-like state, without the need for further genetic alteration.

The discovery, which promises to bring new efficiencies to embryonic stem cell research, is reported in the July 1, 2008, online issue of Nature Biotechnology.

"This technical advancement will allow thousands of identical reprogrammed cells to be used in experiments," says Marius Wernig, one of the paper's two lead authors and a postdoctoral researcher in Whitehead Member Rudolf Jaenisch's lab.

"Using these cells could help define the milestones of how cells are reprogrammed and screen for drug-like molecules that replace the potentially cancer-causing viruses used for reprogramming," adds Christopher Lengner, the other lead author and also a postdoctoral researcher in the Jaenisch's lab.

In the current work, Wernig and Lengner made mice created in part from the embryonic-stem-cell-like cells known as IPS cells. The IPS cells were created by reprogramming adult skin cells using lentiviruses to randomly insert four genes (Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc and Klf4) into the cells' DNA. The IPS cells also were modified to switch on these four genes when a drug trigger, doxycycline, is added to the cells.

Wernig and Lengner then took cells from each IPS mouse and introduced the doxycycline trigger, thereby changing the adult mouse cells into IPS cells.

While earlier reprogramming experiments have typically induced pluripotency in adult skin cells, Wernig and Lengner were able to employ this novel method to successfully reprogram multiple cell and tissue types, including cells of the intestine, brain, muscle, kidney, adrenal gland, and bone marrow. Importantly, the technique allows researchers to create large numbers of genetically identical IPS cells, because all cells in the mouse contain the same number of viral integrations in the same location within the genome. With previous approaches, each reprogrammed cell differed because the viruses used to insert the reprogramming genes could integrate anywhere in the cell's DNA with varying frequency.

Wernig and Lengner's method also increases the reprogramming efficiency from one in a thousand cells to one in twenty.

The large numbers of IPS cells that can be created by this method can aid experiments requiring millions of identical cells for reprogramming, such as large-scale chemical library screening assays.

"In experiments, the technique will eliminate many of the reprogramming process's unpredictable variables and simplify enormously the research on the reprogramming mechanism and the screening for virus replacements," says Jaenisch, who is also a professor of biology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Cristin Carr
carr@wi.mit.edu
617-324-0460
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. On the boil: New nano technique significantly boosts boiling efficiency
2. UBC physicists develop impossible technique to study and develop superconductors
3. New molecular imaging techniques may lead to advances in disease treatment
4. New technique measures ultrashort laser pulses at focus
5. White Paper Details New Techniques for Isolating, Identifying Anaerobic Bacteria and Organisms
6. Assembly technique for tiny wires may eventually help detect cancer and other diseases
7. Unique infrared technique finds applications in nanoscience
8. DNA technique yields 3-D crystalline organization of nanoparticles
9. Cardica and Intuitive Surgical to Host Educational Symposium on Advanced Techniques and Technologies in Robotic Coronary Revascularization and Mitral Valve Repair
10. Doping technique brings nanomechanical devices into the semiconductor world
11. Glycominds Joins Biomolecular Photonic (BMP) Consortium to Develop New Molecular Imaging Technique
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016  Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: NBIX ) today ... 31, 2015. --> --> ... loss of $29.3 million, or $0.34 loss per share, compared to ... for the same period in 2014. For the year ended December ... or $1.05 loss per share, as compared to a net loss ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016  Spectra BioPharma Selling Solutions (Spectra) ... provides biopharma companies the experience, expertise, operational delivery ... outsourced sales teams. Created in concert with industry ... the strategic and tactical needs of its clients ... through both personal and non-personal promotion. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... February 11, 2016 ... or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life sciences company ... its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the Caregiver® FDA-cleared ... plan in January 2016, including entering into agreements ... monthly sales growth, and establishing several near-term pipeline ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, ... Quito, Ecuador. The new facility will provide advanced protocols and state-of-the-art techniques in ... world. , The new GSCG clinic is headed by four prominent Ecuadorian ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/22/2016)... , January 22, 2016 ... the addition of the  "Global Behavioral ... offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) ... "Global Behavioral Biometric Market 2016-2020"  report ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... Jan. 20, 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: ... solutions, today announced sampling of S1423, its newest ... and small screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, ... round and rectangular shapes, as well as thick ... with moisture on screen, while wearing gloves, and ...
(Date:1/11/2016)... , Jan. 11, 2016 Synaptics Incorporated ... interface solutions, today announced that its ClearPad ® ... (TDDI) products won two separate categories in the 8 ... Innovator and Best Technology Breakthrough. The Synaptics ® ... a simplified supply chain, thinner devices, brighter displays and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):