Navigation Links
New strategy for fingerprint visualization developed at Hebrew University
Date:11/6/2012

Jerusalem, Nov. 6, 2012 -- Identifying fingerprints on paper is a commonly used method in police forensic work, but unfortunately it is not easy to make those fingerprints visible. Now, scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a new approach for making such fingerprints more readily readable.

The new method, created by a team headed by Prof. Yossi Almog and Prof. Daniel Mandler of the Institute of Chemistry at the Hebrew University, uses an innovative chemical process to produce a negative of the fingerprint image rather than the positive image produced under current methods. Unlike the latter, the Hebrew University-developed process is nearly independent of the composition of the sweat residue left behind on the paper.

The new method is described in the current issue of the international, English-language edition of the journal Angewandte Chemie, published by the German Chemical Society.

In many criminal investigations, paper evidence plays an important role, and it is useful to know who has handled such documents as checks, paper currency, notes, etc. Studies have shown that less than half of the fingerprints on paper items can be made sufficiently visible to enable their identification. The main reason for this seems to be the highly variable composition of the sweat left behind on the paper.

The new procedure developed at the Hebrew University avoids these problems. It involves an inversion of an established method in which gold nanoparticles are first deposited onto the invisible fingerprints, followed by elemental silver, similar to the development of a black and white photograph.

In the conventional technique, the gold particles get stuck to the amino acid components of the sweat in the fingerprints, and then silver is deposited onto the gold. The result is quite often low-contrast impressions of the fingerprints. In the new method, the gold nanoparticles stick directly to the paper surface, but not the sweat. This technique utiliizes the sebum from the fingerprints as a medium to avoid this interference. (Sebum is an oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands that helps prevent hair and skin from drying out.) Treatment with a developer containing silver then turns the areas with gold on them black, resulting in a clear, negative image of the fingerprint.

"Since our method relies only on the fatty components in the fingerprints, the sweaty aspects play no role in the imaging process," said Prof. Almog. This technique also promises to alleviate another problem, he said. "If paper has become wet, it has previously been difficult to detect fingerprints because the amino acids in the sweat, which are the primary substrate for current chemical enhancement reactions, are dissolved and washed away by water, whereas the fatty components are barely affected." Thus, the avoidance of the sweat aspect provides a further enhancement for police laboratory investigation, he observed.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jerry Barach
jerryb@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82904
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Creabilis Receives Prestigious Technology Strategy Board Biomedical Catalyst Award
2. Elsevier / MEDai Names Dr. Peter Edelstein as Chief Medical Officer and Dr. Gerald Osband as Director of Product Strategy
3. ASAE, TMG Custom Media Collaborate to Launch New Print-Plus-Digital Strategy for Associations Now Magazine
4. Womens Health Expert GC-Rise Ties up with Georgetown MBA Team to Tap M&A Potential and Growth Strategy
5. New gene therapy strategy boosts levels of deficient protein in Friedreichs ataxia
6. Synteract Unveils New Branding at DIA 2012 to Support Enhanced Commercial Strategy
7. Meaningful Use Stage Two: The Advisory Board Company Helps Hospitals Set Strategy
8. SPO Updates Shareholders on 2012 Corporate Strategy
9. Generex Subsidiary Antigen Express Provides Update on AE37 Cancer Vaccines Clinical & Regulatory Strategy
10. Amgen and FDA Agree to Modify Nplate® (Romiplostim) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy
11. WaferGen Reports Third Quarter 2011 Financial Results and Announces New Commercialization Strategy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New strategy for fingerprint visualization developed at Hebrew University
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... Proscia ... be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is your lab ready?” ... pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics and realizes an ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... (FDA) has granted orphan drug designation to SBT-100, its novel anti-STAT3 (Signal Transducer ... treatment of osteosarcoma. SBT-100 is able to cross the cell membrane and bind ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... , Oct. 10, 2017 International research firm Parks ... Strategy, will speak at the TMA 2017 Annual Meeting , October ... trends in the residential home security market and how smart safety and ... Parks ... "The residential ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... The award-winning American Farmer television series ... 2018. American Farmer airs Tuesdays at 8:30aET on RFD-TV. , With global population ... challenge of how to continue to feed a growing nation. At the same time, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:10/4/2017)... Oct. 4, 2017  GCE Solutions, a global clinical research organization ... document anonymization solution on October 4, 2017. Shadow is designed to ... comply with policy 0070 of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in ... ... ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... July 20, 2017 Delta (NYSE: DAL ) customers ... Delta aircraft at Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA). ... Delta launches biometrics to board aircraft ... Delta,s biometric boarding pass ... is now integrated into the boarding process to allow eligible Delta ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... -- IBM (NYSE: IBM ) is introducing several innovative partner ... developing collaboration between startups and global businesses, taking place in ... event, nine startups will showcase the solutions they have built ... France is one of ... 30 percent increase in the number of startups created between ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):