Navigation Links
Nanotechnologists reveal the frictional characteristics of atomically thin sheets
Date:4/1/2010

PHILADELPHIA - A team of nanotechnology researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University has used friction force microscopy to determine the nanoscale frictional characteristics of four atomically-thin materials, discovering a universal characteristic for these very different materials. Friction across these thin sheets increases as the number of atomic layers decreases, all the way down to one layer of atoms. This friction increase was surprising as there previously was no theory to predict this behavior.

The finding reveals a significant principle for these materials, which are widely used as solid lubricant films in critical engineering applications and are leading contenders for future nanoscale electronics.

Researchers found that friction progressively increased as the number of layers is reduced on all four materials, regardless of how different the materials may behave chemically, electronically or in bulk quantities. These measurements, supported by computer modeling, suggest that the trend arises from the fact that the thinner a material the more flexible it is, just as a single sheet of paper is much easier to bend than a thick piece of cardboard.

Robert Carpick, professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics at Penn, and James Hone, professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Columbia, led the project collaboratively.

The team tested the nanotribological, or nano-scale frictional properties, of graphene, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal-BN (h-BN) and niobium diselenide (NbSe2) down to single atomic sheets. The team literally shaved off atomic-scale amounts of each material onto a silicon oxide substrate and compared their findings to the bulk counterparts. Each material exhibited the same basic frictional behavior despite having electronic properties that vary from metallic to semiconducting to insulating.

"We call this mechanism, which leads to higher friction on thinner sheets the 'puckering effect,'" Carpick said. "Interatomic forces, like the van der Waals force, cause attraction between the atomic sheet and the nanoscale tip of the atomic force microscope which measures friction at the nanometer scale."

Because the sheet is so thin in some samples only an atom thick it deflects toward the tip, making a puckered shape and increasing the area of interaction between the tip and the sheet, which increases friction. When the tip starts to slide, the sheet deforms further as the deformed area is partially pulled along with the tip, rippling the front edge of the contact area. Thicker sheets cannot deflect as easily because they are much stiffer, so the increase in friction is less pronounced.

The researchers found that the increase in friction could be prevented if the atomic sheets were strongly bound to the substrate. If the materials were deposited onto the flat, high-energy surface of mica, a naturally occurring mineral, the effect goes away. Friction remains the same regardless of the number of layers because the sheets are strongly stuck down onto the mica, and no puckering can occur.

"Nanotechnology examines how materials behave differently as they shrink to the nanometer scale," Hone said. "On a fundamental level, it is exciting to find yet another property that fundamentally changes as a material gets smaller."

The results may also have practical implications for the design of nanomechanical devices that use graphene, which is one of the strongest materials known. It may also help researchers understand the macroscopic behavior of graphite, MoS2 and BN, which are used as common lubricants to reduce friction and wear in machines and devices.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jordan Reese
jreese@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Nanotechnologists gain powerful new materials probe
2. Nanotechnologists from Penn collaborate to form near-frictionless diamond material
3. New Survey Reveals Many Adults With High Cholesterol Fail to Take Necessary Steps to Improve Their Condition
4. Actelion Announces Multiple Presentations on Tracleer(R) and the REVEAL Registry at CHEST 2007
5. New Data Reveal Ethnicity May Play Role in Weight Loss Decisions
6. New paper reveals nanoscale details of photolithography process
7. Stem Cell Agency Finally Reveals Institutions Involved in Conflict Problem
8. Experiments reveal unexpected activity of fuel cell catalysts
9. Biochip mimics the body to reveal toxicity of industrial compounds
10. Survey of More than 600 Patients Treated with Tracleer(R) (bosentan) Reveals Actelion Sure Steps(R) Patient Support Program Provides Valuable Educational Information
11. Developing Sales Leaders: Benchmarks Reveal Tactics that Will Propel Your Business
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Nanotechnologists reveal the frictional characteristics of atomically thin sheets
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... FireflySci ... used in leading laboratories all over the globe. Their cute firefly logo has ... manufacturing awesome cuvettes, FireflySci makes spectrophotometer calibration standards that never require recalibration. ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Founder ... double board-certified in surgery and surgery of the hand by the National Board ... stranger to going above and beyond in his pursuit of providing the most ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lady had been battling arthritis since the ... in her left knee. Lady’s owner Hannah sought the help of Dr Jeff Christiansen ... to repair her cruciate ligament and help with the pain of Lady’s arthritis. Dr ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... , ... Last week, Callan Capital, an integrated wealth management firm specializing in ... San Diego Life Science event at the Estancia La Jolla Resort and Spa. , ... speakers Dr. Rich Heyman, former CEO of Aragon and Seragon, and Faheem Hasnain, former ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/31/2016)... R.I. , March 31, 2016  Genomics firm ... of founding CEO, Barrett Bready , M.D., who ... members of the original technical leadership team, including Chief ... President of Product Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice President ... returned to the company. Dr. Bready served ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... and SANDY, Utah , ... which operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... Genomics and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics and ... launch of a project to establish the informatics infrastructure ... NSO has been contracted by the Ontario ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... March 15, 2016 --> ... by Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market - ... - 2023," the global digital door lock systems market in ... 2014 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of ... small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and high ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):